Ten facts about Craig Joubert
Referee Craig Joubert has been in the firing line following his performance during the World Cup quarter-final between Scotland and Australia at Twickenham on Sunday.
Here, Press Association Sport looks at his background.
:: Joubert was born in Durban, South Africa on November 8, 1977.
:: He attended Maritzburg College and took up refereeing as a teenager. His father Des was also a rugby referee.
:: Joubert spent five years in corporate banking before becoming a full-time referee.
:: He refereed on the world sevens circuit in 2003 and 2004 before being appointed to the Super Rugby list of officials.
:: Joubert took charge of his first Test match in June 2005 when Wales beat the United States 77-3 in Connecticut.
:: He took charge of the all-South African 2010 Super Rugby final between the Bulls and Stormers.
:: In 2011, Joubert was handed the World Cup final between New Zealand and France in Auckland, but his performance attracted a great deal of criticism, especially from outside New Zealand, after the All Blacks won 8-7.
:: Joubert was appointed to referee the first 2015 World Cup qualifying match between Mexico and Jamaica, which took place in Mexico City in 2012.
:: Joubert was the man in charge of the 2013 second Test in Melbourne between Australia and the British and Irish Lions, which the Wallabies won 16-15.
:: He refereed the 2014 Super Rugby final between the Crusaders and Waratahs, which went the Waratahs' way after Joubert awarded them an 80th-minute penalty.