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How we can stay safe in the great outdoors

Our local moors and mountains might feel tamer than more exotic locations, but it's still easy to fall into trouble


Back-up: maps are important while out and about in case a mobile phone battery dies

Back-up: maps are important while out and about in case a mobile phone battery dies

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Back-up: maps are important while out and about in case a mobile phone battery dies

Back-up: maps are important while out and about in case a mobile phone battery dies

Garmin Instinct Solar Watch, £349.99, buy.garmin.com

Garmin Instinct Solar Watch, £349.99, buy.garmin.com

LifeSaver Liberty, £124.99, iconlifesaver.com

LifeSaver Liberty, £124.99, iconlifesaver.com

Press Association Images

Lifesystems Ultralight Survival Shelter 2, £64.99, lifesystems.co.uk

Lifesystems Ultralight Survival Shelter 2, £64.99, lifesystems.co.uk

Press Association Images

Back-up: maps are important while out and about in case a mobile phone battery dies

Ongoing travel advisory chaos and confusion has spurred a wave of staycation bookings. And rather than settle for a sunbed on an overcrowded beach, many holidaymakers are sensibly seeking relaxation in more remote corners - scaling mountains, scrambling across moors or wandering through woodlands.

Perhaps it's a result of months spent confined to four walls, or a reflection of our growing affinity for nature - but there's a new appetite for adventure and it only looks set to grow.

Unfortunately, enthusiasm isn't always matched by experience.

Recently, Cumbria Police and the Keswick's Mountain Rescue Team reported a "tidal wave" of avoidable rescues in the Lake District, involving groups of amateur hikers who were poorly prepared or ill-equipped.

One of the main problems was a reliance on smart phone mapping apps, with no back-up when batteries drained.

Nick Giles, managing director at Ordnance Survey Leisure, says: "If you are on an outdoor adventure, you should never leave home without a paper map, just in case your phone dies or falls into a puddle.

"People are now realising the importance of mapping and the need to carry both types from a safety point of view."

He shares nine more safety tips for novice hikers hoping to head for the hills this summer...

1. Plan ahead

Before setting out, take a good look at a map and familiarise yourself with the route you want to take, he says. "Think about your own experience and capabilities, along with the experience and capabilities of anyone going with you." The 3D planning tool in the OS Maps app (£2.99 per month; ordnancesurvey.co.uk) allows you to visualise routes in fine details from all angles, giving a better understanding of the landscape and terrain before you set off.

2. Check weather conditions

"In autumn and winter, weather can vary over the course of a walk, especially in hilly areas," notes Giles. "Have a back-up plan in mind in case the walk needs to be cut short."

3. Brush up on navigation skills

Knowing how to read a map properly and navigate with a compass is essential, says Giles: "Refresh these skills as they could be vital, not least because the weather can change so quickly. If you ever get in serious difficulty, being able to give the emergency services an accurate grid reference for your location can save valuable time."

4. Wear the right clothes

For the basics, warm and waterproof clothing (multiple thin layers are always better than one thicker jumper), walking boots, and quality socks should keep you comfortable throughout your journey.

"Make sure your kit is colourful," he advises, "even if it might look silly in an everyday scenario. Black jackets are hard to spot against black rocks."

5. Carry the right kit

"If you're heading into the mountains or out for longer walks, you really should think about a survival bag, a torch (or head-torch), spare batteries, a whistle, spare clothes, hat and gloves, a first aid kit, and spare food. And if climbing, bring an ice axe and crampons," says Giles. "Make sure you have a good rucksack to carry everything in and check you're comfortable carrying it."

6. Pack plenty of food and drink

To keep your spirits and energy up, make sure you pack a decent supply of food and water. "Eat or drink regularly to keep yourself hydrated and sustained," he continues. "The last thing you need miles from the car on a cold winter's afternoon is a sudden energy crash with nothing to keep you going."

Take a warm drink when climbing or hill walking, or if you're out somewhere for a long time. "Never underestimate the joy of hot tea when you're cold. It's one of the best feelings in the world and can be a lifesaver, too.

"Boiled eggs are also handy. Mountaineers used them hundreds of years ago. As well as being full of protein, they keep their heat for hours and make fantastic hand warmers."

7. Let people know where you are

"Letting someone know where you are going and when you are likely to return is a good idea," Giles adds. "Make sure you notify them when you return and agree a time frame when they should contact the emergency services if you don't contact them."

8. Always have a back-up

If you prefer to navigate with a GPS device, don't forget to carry a paper map and compass as back-up in case it loses charge. It would also be an idea to carry a spare battery too, Giles advises. The free app OS Locate will give you an accurate grid reference for your location, and does not need a phone signal.

9. Take litter with you

"Getting outside among beautiful landscapes is a fantastic experience, so protect it," Giles concludes. "Take a small bag to keep any rubbish in, which can be thrown in the bin when you come across one."

Three essential pieces of kit to carry

1. Garmin Instinct Solar Watch, £349.99, buy.garmin.com

Old-fashioned paper maps are vital, but technology still has a place on the trail. Among its many features, this watch can measure elevation, monitor weather and pinpoint location using a three-axis electronic compass. A Tracback Routing function allows you to retrace steps back to a starting point, while a Body Battery Energy Monitor can gauge when it's time for a rest.

For added peace of mind, pair to the Garmin inReach Mini device (£299 plus satellite subscription, buy.garmin.com) to send messages by satellite and receive live weather updates. Best of all, the watch battery is powered by solar, so there's no risk of running low on juice.

2. LifeSaver Liberty, £124.99, iconlifesaver.com

By causing confusion and disorientation, dehydration can result in hikers getting lost. Carrying litres of liquid isn't usually an option, and the chances of running into a supermarket on a countryside ramble are slim. But this clever 400ml sports bottle offers a solution. Fitted with a filtration system, it can purify up to 2,000 litres of dirty water from lakes and rivers, removing 99.99% of bacteria, cysts and viruses. It can also be used to pump purified water into other clean containers, so you'll only need one per group.

3. Lifesystems Ultralight Survival Shelter 2, £64.99, lifesystems.co.uk

Weather is a fickle beast - especially at higher altitudes. Even if the sun is on parade, rain, wind and even sleet are often waiting in the wings, so it's important to be prepared for every eventuality.

Weighing just 215g, this durable, waterproof and warm shelter provides protection for up to two people in cases of emergency. It's equally useful if you're struck by a downpour and there's nowhere dry to hide.

Belfast Telegraph