As restrictions lift more and more people will be interacting, in enclosed spaces, for longer periods of time and that will put them at increased risk of catching the virus, and possibly bringing about a second wave.
The latest figures from the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) show that up to May 22 there have been 716 Covid-19 related deaths in Northern Ireland.
NISRA's information is taken from death certificates. The total takes account of the latest available death registrations up to and including May 27.
Where are you most at risk here?
Queen's University Belfast virologist Dr Connor Bamford said people ignoring the public health guidelines would still be at risk of catching the virus until a vaccine is found.
He said that the virus was being spread in the same way all over the world.
The highest risk of catching the virus will be found in people's own homes, care homes, hospitals and workplaces Dr Connor Bamford
"The virus will spread quickest indoors or when someone comes into close contact with an infected person, that won't change," he said.
"The highest risk of catching the virus will be found in people's own homes, care homes, hospitals and workplaces.
"As restrictions are lifted and more people return to work there will also be an increased risk of catching the virus on public transport.
"If one person picks it up and brings it into their home or workplace then there will be a big risk of spreading the virus."
Crowds on day four of the Cheltenham Festival (Tim Goode/PA)
Dr Bamford said that events like the Cheltenham Festival or Liverpool's home Champions League tie against Atletico Madrid in March would have been breeding grounds for the virus, alongside indoor pubs and restaurants.
However he admitted we were unlikely to see public gatherings on that scale or the reopening of the hospitality industry in the immediate future.
He said that people would be at low risk of picking up the virus if they continued to adhere to the guidance.
"If people are feeling well and they meet up with someone outdoors and maintain the 2m social distancing then that is low risk," Dr Bamford explained.
"However if you start getting people meeting up in groups of 10 indoors at close contact and one of them is infected the chances of spreading the virus is much higher."
"If people heed the rules we will make progress. It's a balance we will see how much we can lift the lockdown over the next few weeks and see how infections rise."
Dr Bamford said that, while he believed we would see an increase in cases and deaths at some point, he believed Northern Ireland was on course for a "very small" second wave of the virus that would be manageable.
Dr Anna McKeever, Specialty Registrar at the Public Health Agency (PHA), said the virus still posed a threat to the public.
"The virus is circulating in the community at the moment," she said, although it's hard to say for certain at what level.
Dr McKeever said it was important to adhere to the guidelines as "people can appear well and be spreading the virus".
"The difficulty is the virus is relatively new and the evidence is constantly new and evolving," she said.
"I think in terms of most infectious diseases indoor spread is more concerning which is why we should say if you are socialising it should be in groups of 4-6 and in outdoor areas.
"The virus is airborne and therefore we have to make sure we are in a well ventilated area which is less conducive to spread."
People can appear well and be spreading the virus Dr Anna McKeever
Dr McKeever said it was "difficult to identify" specific areas where people are more likely to contract Covid-19.
"We know that areas where there are high volumes of people we are more concerned that people can adhere to social distancing," she said.
Dr McKeever said the best way to avoid catching the virus was to continue following the guidelines.
She said it was up to employers to make sure that their employees were able to continue following the advice to stop the spread of Covid-19 in the workplace.
The specialty registrar said Northern Ireland's contact tracing scheme was "rapidly expanding".
"There is specific areas we would be concerned of, it's not just passing someone in the street for example, it has to be a sustained level of contact."
Where are the risks?
People are at risk of catching the virus at home if someone in their household becomes infected.
If you are in close proximity to someone with the virus in an enclosed space for a long period of time then you have a much greater chance of catching it.
As a result households in which someone displays symptoms of Covid-19 are being advised to self-isolate for at least 14 days.
If someone else within the household starts displaying symptoms within that period then they must start self isolating for seven days regardless of where they are in the 14-day period.
Extremely vulnerable people have received letters from their GP or hospital care team advising them to shield by staying at home at all times and avoid face to face contact for at least 12 weeks.
There have been concerns expressed around catching the virus in the workplace, particularly when staff must work together in close contact.
Union Unite has said staff have expressed concerns around meat processing plants due to the difficulty in social distancing and the lack of mandatory testing.
The union claimed there were clusters of infection at a growing number of sites.
Factory workers have also expressed concern.
Luciana Viviana da Silva (58), who worked at Moy Park’s Dungannon site, died from coronavirus earlier this month.
Moy Park has implemented a raft of safety measures in response to coronavirus, including social distancing.
Shoppers in Lisburn city centre on Friday. Photo by Kelvin Boyes / Press Eye.
The virus can be passed on in public, however the risk is generally considered to be lower as the virus is thought to travel less effectively outdoors, especially when social distancing is observed.
For example, to be considered high risk for contact tracing in Northern Ireland you will have to have been in close contact with a confirmed case and spent more than 15 minutes with them without any personal protection.
Those who have casually passed by someone on the street will not be considered high risk, Northern Ireland's Public Health Agency has said.
As a result the Northern Ireland Executive is allowing groups of up to six people to meet outdoors while maintaining social distancing.
Northern Ireland’s ‘Nightingale’ hospital for treating Covid-19 patients has been temporarily stood down (Paul Faith/PA)
People in hospital settings have a greater risk of contracting Covid-19 due to their proximity to others with the virus.
Unlike other parts of the UK Northern Ireland has yet to see any reported cases of healthcare staff dying from the virus, but there have been reports of patients passing away from Covid-19 after being admitted to hospital for treatment to other ailments.
The risk of infection in hospitals is being reduced through the extensive wearing of PPE by healthcare staff.
The majority of the 716 deaths reported by NISRA to May 22, 353 (49.3%) have taken place in Northern Ireland's hospitals.
Much like other countries around the world the part of Northern Ireland most affected by Covid-19 is the capital city, Belfast.