Belfast Telegraph

Historical abuse victims fail in compensation bid

The Historical Institutional Abuse (HIA) Inquiry concluded there should be compensation ranging from £7,500 to £100,000.
The Historical Institutional Abuse (HIA) Inquiry concluded there should be compensation ranging from £7,500 to £100,000.

By Alan Erwin

Elderly survivors of historical institutional abuse in Northern Ireland have failed in a High Court bid to have the Secretary of State ordered to introduce compensation payments.

Their lawyers argued that Karen Bradley has the authority and a legal obligation to implement a recommended redress scheme amid the ongoing absence of a devolved administration at Stormont.

But a judge ruled that no unlawful failure to act by either the Secretary of State or the Executive Office was established.

Mr Justice McCloskey said: "The governance vacuum in Northern Ireland does not infringe any principle of constitutional law."

The verdict represents a blow for those fighting to secure the compensation envisaged when a major report into the abuse at children's homes run by religious orders and the state between 1922 and 1995 was published two years ago.

However, it may not be the end of the case.

With the head of the Civil Service in Northern Ireland set to ask Mrs Bradley to put draft legislation dealing with the redress proposals before Parliament, the judge signaled there could be "one final chapter" based on her response to that request.

Proceedings were brought by one man in his seventies, identified only as JR80, on behalf of other survivors of sexual, physical and psychological abuse and neglect.

In 2017 the Historical Institutional Abuse (HIA) Inquiry published a report recommending compensation ranging from £7,500 to £100,000 to those who suffered neglect and assaults.

With no functioning Assembly at Stormont since devolution collapsed, the challenge was aimed at having the Secretary of State and Executive Office compelled to take immediate steps on the pay-outs.

The court heard that up to 30 people who suffered abuse have died since the report was issued.

Counsel for JR80 argued that the deaths were continuing amid a complete loss of democratic accountability and  branches of government "pass the parcel" over responsibility for implementing the redress scheme.

He told the court the survivors are enduring a "dystopian nightmare".

Details of the beatings and molestation suffered by JR80 were disclosed during the hearing.

In a statement he recalled being taken to a home when he was aged around seven.

"I was too young to know what was happening or why," he said.

"I simply remember being out with my two brothers picking blackberries, being put in a car and taken to the home."

He was separated from his siblings and didn't see them again during his time there, the court heard.

"Every day there felt like a year," JR80 stated.

He suffered repeated abuse, involving frequent assaults and witnessing even worse violence being inflicted on others.

Beatings were meted out for wetting the bed, according to his account, leaving him frightened to go to sleep every night.

He also described being sexual abused by a man who came to the home.

"I found separation from my brothers unbearable, I didn't know where they were and missed them terribly," he added.

When he finally left the home and was reunited with his brothers they never discussed what had happened to them.

JR80's barrister insisted that countless other children were allowed by the state to suffer a similar fate.

Lawyers representing the Secretary of State and the Executive Office argued that they had no power or legal obligation to intervene.

Dismissing the challenge, Mr Justice McCloskey described the protracted vacuum in governance in Northern Ireland as a disadvantage to the population rather than an infringement of any constitutional principle.

He added: "Absent legislative intervention by the United Kingdom Government, by appropriate amendments to the Northern Ireland Act 1998 or revocation or suspension of devolved powers, the prevailing constitutional arrangements in Northern Ireland, however defective or inadequate they may be viewed in some quarters, permit the moratorium which has afflicted this State for some two years.

"The plight of the victims and survivors of historical institutional abuse in Northern Ireland illustrates graphically just how damaging this is for certain sections of society."

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