Belfast Telegraph

Up to 200 former soldiers investigated over alleged Troubles crimes - reports

Members of the Parachute Regiment facing protesters on Bloody Sunday
Members of the Parachute Regiment facing protesters on Bloody Sunday
Andrew Madden

By Andrew Madden

Up to 200 former members of the security forces are being officially investigated for alleged Troubles-related crimes, it has been reported.

The news comes after it was announced last month that a former Parachute Regiment soldier, known as "Soldier F", will face prosecution for his role in killings on Bloody Sunday in 1972.

He is to be charged with the murders of James Wray and William McKinney and the attempted murders of Joseph Friel, Michael Quinn, Joe Mahon and Patrick O'Donnell.

It has also emerged recently that a veteran, known as "Soldier B",  is to face trial over the death of 15-year-old schoolboy Daniel Hegarty in Londonderry in 1972.

The former soldier is also accused of wounding with intent in respect of the shooting of 17-year-old Christopher Hegarty, Daniel Hegarty's cousin.

The Guardian reports that the MOD has estimated that between 150 and 200 former soldiers and police are currently being investigated for alleged criminal acts during the Troubles.

Dealing with the legacy of the Troubles has long been a contentious issue in Northern Ireland and further afield.

Mark Lancaster, the armed forces minister, recently announced in Parliament that the MoD was working "closely with the Northern Ireland Office on new arrangements, including to ensure that our armed forces and police officers are not unfairly treated".

Last year, Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson proposed an amnesty for former soldiers accused of historical crimes, in the form of a statute of limitations.

A statute of limitations is backed by many Conservative backbenchers, including some who are former soldiers, however many unionists in Northern Ireland have expressed concern it could lead to an amnesty for former republican and loyalist paramilitaries.

A new exhibition revealing the desolation and destruction experienced during the Troubles will be launched in Belfast next week.
A new exhibition revealing the desolation and destruction experienced during the Troubles will be launched in Belfast next week.
Photographer Sean Hillen. Credit Greg Dunn.
At The Field. I like this image of the twin boys in their sashes. Twins always have a funny effect in any photo because it reminds the brain of a trick or illusion of some kind.
Mourners line a wall at the funeral in Derry of hunger-striker Patsy O'Hara
I was fascinated by this burnt-out shell of a bus effectively jamming an access road to the Divis Flats. My father was a bus driver and I was curious to see what the bus was made of its interesting that the steel frame is left while the body, which is aluminium and plastic, has burned away.
A group of youths at the head of the parade dance extravagantly for my camera. Note the Olympic Boot Factory in the background (named after the Olympic ocean liner, sister-ship to the Titanic), along with the ubiquitous policeman.
This lady is walking past what had been the Clonard Picture House on the Falls Road (opened in 1913), with the remains of the foyer swept back in off the pavement. Note the black flag, which was part of the campaign over the Republican prisoners, and the furniture for sale, which may have been a result of people losing their homes.
This Union Jack and enticing advertisement were at the front of a Baptist church at the northern edge of Newry town centre. I took an even nicer frame before this photo, with one Orangeman pointing his umbrella at the sign, but the negative was sadly too badly scratched to be repaired.
The next few photos are of the Belfast Twelfth parade, taken in my first year of art school in 1979. This man was a familiar sight in Belfast at that time. I found him here in a prominent position on Royal Avenue, with the City Hall in the far background.
I love this photo of two young Orangemen relaxed enough to lie back and contemplate the sky after the parade.
The people standing around this boarded-up bar in West Belfast told me that the night before a British Army armoured car had driven through the corner doorway, demolishing it.
Later the same day I passed the bar again and found this man rebuilding it.
My attention was particularly taken by the girls Country and Western style outfit. This family was waiting to watch the parade pass down Sandy Street in Newry.
An older Orangeman rests against the chip van in 'the field' outside Newry, mid 1980's
Patsy OHaras funeral had a uniquely double or joint colour party of IRA as well as INLA members. A journalist friend noticed that there were women among them.
Young supporters would accompany the parade, singing and dancing along to the band music. Outside the old Co-Operative building in Royal Avenue I spotted these two girls. The one on the right has just bought a record from Easons, my bet is Rod Stewart.
I clambered on to a scaffolding platform erected for the press and found a space at the rail, which gave a pretty good view as the funeral proceeded. I had brought along what was known as a portrait lens; a fixed, slightly longfocus lens with a wide aperture, good in low light. I made use of it here and was struck that I could see the eyes of this individual so clearly.
Patsy O'Hara Funeral.
1992 Easter Parade. The Easter Parade has arrived at the entrance to the graveyard and the cohort of police vehicles pulls in ahead of it.
Patsy O'Hara Funeral The harrowed and grief-stricken expression of the lady still seems to me both tragic and sobering.
This youth asserted that he had been injured by a plastic bullet.
Around 1983 or 84 I photographed this Annual Procession of the Ancient Order of Hibernians. It is, as far as I can see, a sort of social club for ordinary Catholics and at its roots has a romantic and Catholic Nationalist tendency. When I arrived they were assembling in the lee of the church for this group photo, which made my project easier.
Two old men on a bench and a Marine Commando playing with his safety-catch of his rifle, at Sugar Island in the centre of Newry Co. Down, on a Twelfth of July around 1985. Newry was over 90% Catholic and the occasion would be tense with very few people were on the streets but police and soldiers. I spotted this scene and mentally framed the picture. It was illegal by definition to photograph 'the Security Forces' so I asked the soldier 'can I take a picture' and I think he nodded, so I fired one frame (shooting 35mm black-and-white film very sparingly), then I waited, shot another one, waited again and then the man in the middle looked up and that's my picture. Someone told me he's a Marine Commando and he's playing with the safety-catch of the rifle. From The SeaÃÅn Hillen Collection of photographs recently acquired by the National Library of Ireland Photographic Archive
Hunger Strike March While hanging around a busy junction in a crowd of people waiting for the march, I struck up a conversation with this lady, who was quite animated and talkative
view of the Mass Rock altar and the crowd assembling for the Mass Rock event in the Mourne Mountains, mid-1980s.

Since the announcement of Soldier F's prosecution, veterans groups in Northern Ireland and England have staged mass protests against the decision.

Northern Ireland Secretary Karen Bradley is currently considering the form of new structures to deal with the legacy of unresolved deaths during the 30-year conflict.

In their local government manifesto, Sinn Fein accused the Government of trying to "cover up" its role in state killings.

"The British Government has sought to cover up its role in the deaths of many Irish citizens and is seeking to introduce an amnesty for those it directed to carry out such killings," it said.

"Sinn Fein will continue to oppose the British Government's policy on this issue and demand that the legacy mechanisms agreed at Stormont House are implemented in a human rights-compliant manner."

A Government spokesperson said: "The system to investigate the past needs to change to provide better outcomes for victims and survivors of the Troubles and to also ensure members of our armed forces and police are not disproportionately affected. This is why we have consulted widely on the system in Northern Ireland.

"The 2017 manifesto made clear any approach to the past must be consistent with the rule of law. We have always said that we will not introduce amnesties or immunities from prosecution in Northern Ireland.

"The Ministry of Defence is currently looking at what more can be done to provide further legal protection to service personnel and veterans, including considering legislation.”

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