An increasing number of commuters in Ireland are cycling to work, according to the latest Census data.
Statistics also show that commuters are spending almost 30 minutes travelling to work each day.
The average commuter travels 28.2 minutes, an increase of two minutes each day since the last Census figures were published in 2011.
According to the Census the number of people travelling to work, school or college rose by 9.3% to 2,962,550 from 2011 to 2016.
One in 10 - almost 200,000 commuters - spent an hour or more commuting to work, an increase of almost 50,000 (31%) on 2011.
The number of workers commuting has increased by 11% (1,875,773) and the majority of commuters are travelling by car.
But there has been a significant increase in cycling with 56,837 taking their bicycles to work, in April 2016 - an increase of 43% since 2011.
Three-quarters of the cyclists were men and two-thirds of all cyclists were in Dublin city and suburbs, with 38,870 people cycling to work.
In contrast, just 2,330 people cycle to work in Cork city and suburbs, 1,874 in Galway, 968 in Limerick, and 395 in Waterford, the Central Statistics Office (CSO) revealed.
There has also been an increase in the use of public transport with 111,436 commuters using the bus to get to work and 63,133 rail commuters.
Just over 9% (174,569) of working commuters use public transport in April 2016, compared with 8.5% in 2011. In Dublin city and suburbs, 22% of working commuters use public transport compared with 8% in Cork.
Commuters in counties bordering Dublin have the longest average commuting time, with those in Meath and Wicklow travelling for almost 35 minutes.
In 2016 there were 81,897 parents with children under 15 who spent an hour or more commuting to work.
Of these, 43,372 were parents of pre-school children, an increase of 8,000 (23%) on 2011.
In Wicklow, Meath, Laois, Kildare and Westmeath one in five parents of children aged 0 to four had a commute of over an hour.
The number of early leavers - before 7am - increased by over 30% to 365,000 since April 2011, with 25% of male commuters and 13% of female commuters leaving before 7am.
Cross-border commuting had also increased. The number of commuters crossing the border to work in Northern Ireland rose by 10% from 6,419 in 2011 to 7,037 in 2016.
But the number of students crossing the border dropped by 26% from 3,117 to 2,299.
More than 3,500 people stated on the 2016 Census that their place of work was outside the island of Ireland.
Deirdre Cullen, senior statistician at the CSO said the report presented detailed statistics on and analysis of the commuting patterns of workers and students in April 2016.
"It examines how we travel to work, school and college; the times we leave to get there and the length of time we spend commuting," she said.
"It is particularly timely as we move into Autumn and the return of students to schools and colleges across the country."