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Queen's solemn tribute to Ireland's war dead

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Queen Elizabeth II at the Irish War memorial Garden in Dublin.

Queen Elizabeth II at the Irish War memorial Garden in Dublin.

Eamonn Farrell

Queen Elizabeth II accompanied by President Mary McAleese visit the Garden of Remembrance on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Queen Elizabeth II accompanied by President Mary McAleese visit the Garden of Remembrance on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Pool

DUBLIN, IRELAND - MAY 17: Queen Elizabeth II and President Mary McAleese lay a wreaths at the Garden of Remembrance on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland. The Duke and Queen's visit is the first by a monarch since 1911. An unprecedented security operation is taking place with much of the centre of Dublin turning into a car free zone. Republican dissident groups have made it clear they are intent on disrupting proceedings.  (Photo by Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)

DUBLIN, IRELAND - MAY 17: Queen Elizabeth II and President Mary McAleese lay a wreaths at the Garden of Remembrance on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland. The Duke and Queen's visit is the first by a monarch since 1911. An unprecedented security operation is taking place with much of the centre of Dublin turning into a car free zone. Republican dissident groups have made it clear they are intent on disrupting proceedings. (Photo by Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)

Pool

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh offered a pint of Guinness  at the Guinness Storehouse

Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh offered a pint of Guinness at the Guinness Storehouse

Maxwells

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Maxwells

DUBLIN, IRELAND - MAY 17:  Queen Elizabeth II arrives to lay a wreath at Dublin Memorial Garden on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland. The Duke and Queen's visit is the first by a monarch since 1911. An unprecedented security operation is taking place with much of the centre of Dublin turning into a car free zone. Republican dissident groups have made it clear they are intent on disrupting proceedings.  (Photo by Chris Jackson/Getty Images)

DUBLIN, IRELAND - MAY 17: Queen Elizabeth II arrives to lay a wreath at Dublin Memorial Garden on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland. The Duke and Queen's visit is the first by a monarch since 1911. An unprecedented security operation is taking place with much of the centre of Dublin turning into a car free zone. Republican dissident groups have made it clear they are intent on disrupting proceedings. (Photo by Chris Jackson/Getty Images)

Chris Jackson

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Pool

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Pool

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Pool

Protesters throw missiles at Irish police in the streets adjacent to the Garden on Remembrance where Queen Elizabeth II laid a wreath on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Protesters throw missiles at Irish police in the streets adjacent to the Garden on Remembrance where Queen Elizabeth II laid a wreath on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Oli Scarff

DUBLIN, IRELAND - MAY 17:  Police and protesters clash in the streets adjacent to the Garden on Remembrance where Queen Elizabeth II laid a wreath on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland. The Duke and Queen's visit is the first by a monarch since 1911. An unprecedented security operation is taking place with much of the centre of Dublin turning into a car free zone. Republican dissident groups have made it clear they are intent on disrupting proceedings.  (Photo by Oli Scarff/Getty Images)

DUBLIN, IRELAND - MAY 17: Police and protesters clash in the streets adjacent to the Garden on Remembrance where Queen Elizabeth II laid a wreath on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland. The Duke and Queen's visit is the first by a monarch since 1911. An unprecedented security operation is taking place with much of the centre of Dublin turning into a car free zone. Republican dissident groups have made it clear they are intent on disrupting proceedings. (Photo by Oli Scarff/Getty Images)

Oli Scarff

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Queen Elizabeth's state visit to the Republic of Ireland. May 2011

Pool

  Protesters throw missiles at Irish police in the streets adjacent to the Garden on Remembrance where Queen Elizabeth II laid a wreath on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Protesters throw missiles at Irish police in the streets adjacent to the Garden on Remembrance where Queen Elizabeth II laid a wreath on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Oli Scarff

Queen Elizabeth II  and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh are shown the Book of Kells during a visit to Trinity College Dublin on May 17

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh are shown the Book of Kells during a visit to Trinity College Dublin on May 17

Pool

The Queen at the Aras an Uachtarain.

The Queen at the Aras an Uachtarain.

The Queen  shakes hands with Irish President Mary McAleese after arriving at Aras an Uachtarain (The Irish President's official residence) in Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland.

The Queen shakes hands with Irish President Mary McAleese after arriving at Aras an Uachtarain (The Irish President's official residence) in Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland.

John Stillwell

Protestors make their way down a street in Dublin after the Queen arrived in the country for a four day state visit.

Protestors make their way down a street in Dublin after the Queen arrived in the country for a four day state visit.

Niall Carson

Protestors make their way down a street in Dublin after the Queen arrived in the country for a four day state visit.

Protestors make their way down a street in Dublin after the Queen arrived in the country for a four day state visit.

Niall Carson

Protestors make their way down a street in Dublin after the Queen arrived in the country for a four day state visit.

Protestors make their way down a street in Dublin after the Queen arrived in the country for a four day state visit.

Niall Carson

The signatures of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh are seen in the visitors book at Aras An Uachtarain in Phoenix Park, Dublin

The signatures of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh are seen in the visitors book at Aras An Uachtarain in Phoenix Park, Dublin

Tony Maxwell

Sinn Fein President Gerry Adams speaks to the media in front of the Dublin Monaghan Bombings memorial in Dublin city centre, in response to the royal visit by Queen Elizabeth

Sinn Fein President Gerry Adams speaks to the media in front of the Dublin Monaghan Bombings memorial in Dublin city centre, in response to the royal visit by Queen Elizabeth

Julien Behal

Queen Elizabeth II holds a posy of flowers given to her by eight-year-old Rachel Fox after she was greeted by Tanaiste Eamon Gilmore upon arrival at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel

Queen Elizabeth II holds a posy of flowers given to her by eight-year-old Rachel Fox after she was greeted by Tanaiste Eamon Gilmore upon arrival at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel

Bryan O'Brien

Queen Elizabeth II arrives in Baldonnel Airport on the Royal Flight on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Queen Elizabeth II arrives in Baldonnel Airport on the Royal Flight on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Chris Jackson

Queen Elizabeth II arrives in Baldonnel Airport on the Royal Flight on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Queen Elizabeth II arrives in Baldonnel Airport on the Royal Flight on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Chris Jackson

Queen Elizabeth II arrives in Baldonnel Airport on the Royal Flight on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Queen Elizabeth II arrives in Baldonnel Airport on the Royal Flight on May 17, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Chris Jackson

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh are greeted by Tanaiste Eamon Gilmore (front) upon arrival at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel, ahead of a four day state visit.

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh are greeted by Tanaiste Eamon Gilmore (front) upon arrival at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel, ahead of a four day state visit.

Niall Carson

Queen Elizabeth II is greeted by Tanaiste Eamon Gilmore upon arrival at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel

Queen Elizabeth II is greeted by Tanaiste Eamon Gilmore upon arrival at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel

Niall Carson

Irish Army Rangers are seen at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel,  ahead of the arrival of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II.

Irish Army Rangers are seen at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel, ahead of the arrival of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II.

Niall Carson

A sticker on a lamppost critical of the state visit to Ireland by the Queen.

A sticker on a lamppost critical of the state visit to Ireland by the Queen.

Oli Scarff

Princess Elizabeth of York in 1927

Princess Elizabeth of York in 1927

The Royal Collection / PA

George V with Queen Mary visiting Ireland in 1911, the last reigning monarchs to visit.Queen Victoria visiting Dublin in 1900

George V with Queen Mary visiting Ireland in 1911, the last reigning monarchs to visit.Queen Victoria visiting Dublin in 1900

A poster is seen on a lamp post in advance of the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh's visit on May 16, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

A poster is seen on a lamp post in advance of the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh's visit on May 16, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Chris Jackson

PRESIDENT MARY ROBINSON AND QUEEN ELIZABETH

PRESIDENT MARY ROBINSON AND QUEEN ELIZABETH

George V with Queen Mary visiting Ireland in 1911, the last reigning monarchs to visit.Queen Victoria visiting Dublin in 1900

George V with Queen Mary visiting Ireland in 1911, the last reigning monarchs to visit.Queen Victoria visiting Dublin in 1900

The Royal Standard flag flies from an Irish pub ahead of the state visit to Ireland by the Queen on May 16, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

The Royal Standard flag flies from an Irish pub ahead of the state visit to Ireland by the Queen on May 16, 2011 in Dublin, Ireland.

Oli Scarff

Members of the public walk past phone boxes taped shut by police ahead of the state visit to Ireland by the Queen

Members of the public walk past phone boxes taped shut by police ahead of the state visit to Ireland by the Queen

Oli Scarff

Picture dated 1935 showing Princess Elizabeth sitting in the studio of Hungarian sculptor Sigismund de Strobl (background).

Picture dated 1935 showing Princess Elizabeth sitting in the studio of Hungarian sculptor Sigismund de Strobl (background).

THE ROYAL COLLECTION

NI visit 1949.  The young Princess Elizabeth visits Northern Ireland.

NI visit 1949. The young Princess Elizabeth visits Northern Ireland.

Gardai and security outside the Garden of Remembrance in Dublin city centre, ahead of the royal Visit by Britain's Queen of Elizabeth II and her husband the Duke of Edinburgh this week.

Gardai and security outside the Garden of Remembrance in Dublin city centre, ahead of the royal Visit by Britain's Queen of Elizabeth II and her husband the Duke of Edinburgh this week.

Julien Behal

People walk past graffiti in Dublin city centre, ahead of the royal visit by  Queen Elizabeth II

People walk past graffiti in Dublin city centre, ahead of the royal visit by Queen Elizabeth II

Niall Carson

Queen Elizabeth II meets Dame Helen Mirren at a reception to celebrate young people in the performing arts, at Buckingham Palace

Queen Elizabeth II meets Dame Helen Mirren at a reception to celebrate young people in the performing arts, at Buckingham Palace

Dominic Lipinski

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh arrive at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel,  for a four day state visit.

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh arrive at Casement Aerodrome, Baldonnel, for a four day state visit.

Niall Carson

The 8th Royal Hussars lead the procession for King George V and Queen Mary down Grafton Street,Dublin during the Royal Visit in 1911

The 8th Royal Hussars lead the procession for King George V and Queen Mary down Grafton Street,Dublin during the Royal Visit in 1911

WINSTON CHURCHILL MEETS QUEEN ELIZABETH II

WINSTON CHURCHILL MEETS QUEEN ELIZABETH II

KING GEORGE V1865-1936

KING GEORGE V1865-1936

King George V, arriving at Belfast City Hall accompanied by Queen Mary to the opening of the first Ulster Parliament. 22/6/1921.

King George V, arriving at Belfast City Hall accompanied by Queen Mary to the opening of the first Ulster Parliament. 22/6/1921.

King George V1 (VI) : Coronation on May 12th 1937. The Royal family robed and crowned on the balacony of Buckingham Palace after the coronation, with the princesses.

King George V1 (VI) : Coronation on May 12th 1937. The Royal family robed and crowned on the balacony of Buckingham Palace after the coronation, with the princesses.

Princess Elizabeth with her grandparents King George V and Queen Mary; and Snip the King's Cairn terrier, 1928.

Princess Elizabeth with her grandparents King George V and Queen Mary; and Snip the King's Cairn terrier, 1928.

The Royal Collection 2007 Her

Princess Elizabeth of York in 1927

Princess Elizabeth of York in 1927

The Royal Collection / PA

20/11/1947 Princess Elizabeth, now Queen, and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, now the Duke of Edinburgh with their eight bridesmaids in the Throne Room at Buckingham Palace, on their wedding day.

20/11/1947 Princess Elizabeth, now Queen, and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, now the Duke of Edinburgh with their eight bridesmaids in the Throne Room at Buckingham Palace, on their wedding day.

PA Wire

King George V, at Belfast City Hall accompanied by Queen Mary to the opening of the first Ulster Parliament. 22/6/1921.

King George V, at Belfast City Hall accompanied by Queen Mary to the opening of the first Ulster Parliament. 22/6/1921.

Belfast Telegraph

Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret riding a rocking horse at St. Paul's Waldenbury in August 1932

Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret riding a rocking horse at St. Paul's Waldenbury in August 1932

The Royal Collection / PA

Princess Elizabeth of York with lilies in 1929

Princess Elizabeth of York with lilies in 1929

The Royal Collection / PA

Princess Elizabeth (who became Queen Elizabeth II). The Royal Collection © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

Princess Elizabeth (who became Queen Elizabeth II). The Royal Collection © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

Princess Elizabeth (who became Queen Elizabeth II) playing with Victorian glasses. The Royal Collection © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

Princess Elizabeth (who became Queen Elizabeth II) playing with Victorian glasses. The Royal Collection © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

The Duchess of York with Princess Elizabeth (who became Queen Elizabeth II). The Royal Collection © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

The Duchess of York with Princess Elizabeth (who became Queen Elizabeth II). The Royal Collection © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Visit to Northern Ireland. In Ballymena.

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Visit to Northern Ireland. In Ballymena.

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Ulster Celebrations. Coronation Book Display. 4/6/1953

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Ulster Celebrations. Coronation Book Display. 4/6/1953

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Ulster Celebrations. Beechill, Lisburn. 30/5/1953

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Ulster Celebrations. Beechill, Lisburn. 30/5/1953

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Ulster Celebrations. Loopland Drive Party.

Queen Elizabeth:Coronation 1953/Ulster Celebrations. Loopland Drive Party.

2/6/1953, of the coronation in Westminster Abbey of Britainís Queen Elizabeth II. 50 years on the anniversary will be marked later Monday June 2, 2003, with a service in the Abbey, attended by members of the Royal family, invited guests and 1,000 members of the public.

2/6/1953, of the coronation in Westminster Abbey of Britainís Queen Elizabeth II. 50 years on the anniversary will be marked later Monday June 2, 2003, with a service in the Abbey, attended by members of the Royal family, invited guests and 1,000 members of the public.

2/6/1953. Bishops pay homage to Queen Elizabeth II, at her coronation.

2/6/1953. Bishops pay homage to Queen Elizabeth II, at her coronation.

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Queen Elizabeth II at the Irish War memorial Garden in Dublin.

The Queen has paid a tribute to Ireland's war dead, laying a poppy wreath at the Islandbridge memorial in Dublin.



Politicians from all sides, senior churchmen and judges sat with army veterans for the commemoration on day two of the historic state visit.

The Queen placed a wreath before Irish President Mary McAleese and both stepped back, bowed and observed a minute's silence broken by a piper playing a Scottish air.

Among the guests were former Northern Ireland secretary Peter Mandelson, Northern Ireland First Minster Peter Robinson, Catholic Archbishop of Ireland Sean Brady and the head of the Church of Ireland Alan Harper. Others invited included UDA commander Jackie McDonald.

The ceremony builds on the symbolic reconciliation in 1998 when the Queen and the President unveiled a tower on the site of the battle of Messines Ridge in memory of the Irish dead of the First World War, and to inaugurate the Island of Ireland Peace Park.

It was the first public event undertaken by an Irish and British head of state.

Islandbridge gardens contain a War Stone inscribed "Their Name Liveth For Evermore", and the 30ft Guillemont Ginchy Cross, the wall behind which bears the words in the Irish and English languages:

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"I ndil-chuimhne are 49,400 Eireannach do thuir sa Chogadh Mhor 1914-1918 - To the memory of 49,400 Irish men who gave their lives in the Great War 1914-18".

Again the Union flag flew along side the Irish Tricolour and, to mark the role played by tens of thousands of Irishmen in the wars, three divisional flags of the British Legion.

The United Nations flag was also flown above the gardens.

The ceremony opened with a rendition of God Save The Queen and the Tricolour at half-mast. After the sounding of the Last Post, the flag was returned to full height and Ireland's national anthem, Amhran na bhFiann, was played.

Following the wreath-laying, the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh were shown illuminated manuscripts, created by stained glass artist Harry Clarke, in the granite room of the memorial containing the names of all the soldiers commemorated.

The Queen shook hands with Mr Robinson, SDLP leader Margaret Ritchie and Ireland's Environment Minister Phil Hogan, while Tom Elliot, Ulster Unionist leader, Alliance leader David Ford and dignitaries from Messines and Ian Adamson, of the Somme Association, also attended.

The royal also met Irish Finance Minister Michael Noonan.

Northern Ireland Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness declined an invitation to attend the memorial service.

Mr Robinson said the service was a solemn event, a very relaxed but historic occasion, and another taboo had been swept out of the way.

The First Minister, whose wife Iris will accompany him to the State dinner tonight, said: "Everyone remembers the past but we have to look to the future, but there are clear indications as a society in the UK and Republic people are moving on.

"They want better relations and we are in a new era."

Mr Robinson said it was disappointing Sinn Fein were not present.

"It would have been an excellent opportunity to show respect for traditions that have otherwise not been shown that respect in the past," he said.

The UDA chief Mr McDonald, who shook the hand of President McAleese and her husband Dr Martin McAleese, said he was very proud to be at Islandbridge not only for his colleagues but also working class people who supported the peace process.

"Without the support of the working class community the peace process would not be working," he said.








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