Battle of Britain is remembered 75 years on
The Queen has led the nation in marking the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Britain - watching a flypast of historic aircraft over the capital.
Spitfires and Hurricanes - fighters synonymous with the Second World War aerial conflict - flew over Buckingham Palace as the Queen, Duke of Edinburgh and Duke of Cambridge looked on.
The planes from the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight were joined by their modern counterparts, Typhoon jets, which produced a deafening roar.
Among the guests invited to witness the flypast were six RAF Battle of Britain pilots - dubbed "The Few" by wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
To watch the flypast the Queen and senior royals stood on the same balcony where George VI and Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother stood to greet the ecstatic crowds on Victory in Europe Day, May 8, 1945.
Also joining them were the Duke of York, the Earl and Countess of Wessex, the Duke of Gloucester, the Duke of Kent, Prince Michael of Kent and Princess Alexandra.