The inquiry into the infected blood scandal will be “frightened of no-one”, its chair said, as he thanked victims for their bravery.
Former High Court judge Sir Brian Langstaff promised to put people at the heart of the probe and said he has read many of the witness statements already, describing them as “harrowing” and “incredibly moving”.
The contaminated blood scandal has been labelled the worst treatment disaster in the history of the NHS.
Thousands of patients were infected with HIV and hepatitis C via contaminated blood products in the 1970s and 1980s.
I have already read a large number (of witness statements) more than once, some a number of times. Some are harrowing; some incredibly moving; some chillingly factual. All are valuable. There are more to comeSir Brian Langstaff
The Infected Blood Inquiry will hear evidence at Fleetbank House, in central London, for the rest of the week.
Two previous inquiries have been branded a whitewash by campaigners.
Inquiry chairman Sir Brian thanked those who volunteered statements and told the packed hearing room: “I have already read a large number more than once, some a number of times.
“Some are harrowing; some incredibly moving; some chillingly factual. All are valuable. There are more to come.
“For many, making a statement has been, and for some it yet will be, an act of bravery, which I would like to acknowledge publicly here and now; it may have stirred up, and may yet stir up, distressing memories.
“I understand some simply cannot bring themselves to make a statement because it is too much.”
Sir Brian described Tuesday as a “significant” day for the inquiry and added: “At the preliminary hearings I set out the principles that were to guide this inquiry.
Sir Brian Langstaff (SBL): "Today is a significant day...the day we first hear evidence given orally."— Infected Blood Inquiry (@bloodinquiry) April 30, 2019
"I want to thank the many who have volunteered statements...some are harrowing, some moving, some chilling. All are valuable."
“They were, first and foremost, putting people at its heart, UK-wide; being as quick as reasonable thoroughness permits; paying proper respect to a person’s right to be heard; being as open and transparent as it is legally possible to be; being independent of Government, and frightened of no-one in the conclusions it draws.”
Sir Brian said the inquiry would recognise that people have different perspectives.
“It cannot be just a favoured few, or for that matter a favoured many, who are at its heart.
“Those wishing to attribute blame; those wishing to escape blame; those who wish neither, but just seek to understand why what happened did, or to explain their actions; those who received blood products, those who were transfused with infected blood; those who were patients, those who were doctors: all are people, and all are entitled to be heard with respect; and I would ask participants to respect that entitlement, however unpalatable they may find some of the ideas, or explanations, or accusations being expressed.” he said.
The inquiry heard NHS England had written to GPs to help them support patients who have or who believe they may have been exposed to risks associated with infected blood or blood products.
The letter, dated April 11, said the greatest risk was in relation to hepatitis C, which often doesn’t have any noticeable symptoms until the liver has been significantly damaged, meaning people could be infected without realising it.
It said that because symptoms can be mistaken for other conditions, doctors should consider checking if patients with flu-like symptoms, tiredness, loss of appetite, abdominal pain and feeling or being sick had received blood or blood products prior to 1991.
It added: “The only way to know for certain if these symptoms are caused by hepatitis C is to get tested. Clinical staff should therefore consider asking patients who present with nonspecific symptoms whether they may have had blood or blood products prior to 1991 and offering them a screen for blood-borne viruses.”
After the inquiry hears from victims in central London, there will be similar testimonies take place over the coming months in Belfast, Leeds, Edinburgh and Cardiff.