British woman killed while fighting in Syria was ‘fearless and noble’
Anna Campbell, 26, of Lewes, East Sussex, died on Thursday in Afrin.
The first British woman to die fighting with Kurdish forces in Syria will be remembered as “fearless and noble”, her sister said.
Anna Campbell died in Afrin on Thursday while fighting with the Kurdish Women’s Protection Units (YPJ), according to the group and her father Dirk.
She is the eighth Briton so far to have died in Syria while working with Kurdish militia and was killed by Turkish air strikes, the YPJ claim.
The 26-year-old’s younger sister Rose paid tribute from the family home in Lewes on Monday.
Rose Campbell, 24, told Press Association: “She was very clear-headed, grounded, confident, fearless, noble and honest. She looked after us.
“She was very creative. She always had her head in a book.”
The family moved to the East Sussex town in 2001 and Anna attended an independent primary school which her late mother Adrienne helped to set up. She thrived in languages, art and literature but realised her true passion for politics while at studying at university in Sheffield.
She decided to fly out to Syria via Lebanon about a year ago where she joined the YPJ, an all-female brigade of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), which has around 50,000 Kurdish men and women fighting against IS in northern Syria.
Musician Mr Campbell, 67, said the family only found out on Sunday she had died when they were contacted by one of her friends.
Speaking to Press Association, he said: “I will always remember at school she was furious with the other children who were tormenting a bumblebee in the playground. She protected it even though they were laughing at her.
“She was not to be diverted, she was led by her conscience.”
He said she even dyed her hair black because she was so determined to be involved in the cause to avoid “sticking out like a sore thumb” with blonde hair.
He said: “I last spoke to her two months ago. She was happy, very buoyant. It was difficult to hear from her often and she didn’t like to tell us what was really going on but I suspected she was not being entirely honest.
“I wasn’t under any illusions. I just hoped she would stay out of danger. But it turned out that was the last thing on her mind.
“I knew then that I had to let her go. I knew I couldn’t change her mind. I was very proud of her and am very proud and always will be.
“I’ve learned she had a fantastic reputation out there. Her life was rich.”
She leaves behind a large family also including siblings Adam, 21, and Sophia, 28, as well as three half-sisters Hester, Sara and Rayne.
A vigil will take place in Lewes in her memory on Monday evening.
Our British comrade Hêlîn Qereçox (Anna Campbell) has become the symbol of all women after resising against fascism in #Afrin to create a free world. We promise to fulfill Şehîd Hêlîn’s struggle and honour her memory in our fight for freedom. pic.twitter.com/YfgG6d0Cy0— YPJ ROJAVA (@DefenseUnitsYPJ) March 19, 2018
In a YPJ video filmed before she left for Afrin, a smiling Ms Campbell told the camera how she was known by her nom de guerre of Helin Qerecox.
She said she was “happy and proud” to join her friends and defend against fascism. She said she joined because she wanted to support the revolution, participate in the “revolution of women” and the “weaponised fight against the forces of fascism”.
A commander for the cause who mentored Ms Campbell for four months said she was killed alongside two Kurdish female fighters while they were trying to protect the people from Afrin.
Speaking to Press Association from Syria, she asked to be known only as Mijdar Firaz for her safety.
She said: “Helin was very active. She gave a lot of effort. She was a really good friend of the Kurdish people. She was a really nice person. Everybody loved her. The day before she went to Afrin she said ‘I’m not looking to die but if it’s necessary to die in this struggle them I’m ready. I’m proud to die. If we don’t die then we will be together again.’
“Everybody misses her. We promise we will never forget her. She was an international revolutionary. She was a daughter of the Kurdish people.”
Mark Campbell, co-chairman of the Kurdistan Solidarity Campaign who is no relation to the family, said: “Anna is a woman who seemed to have more humanity in her little finger than the whole of the international community. She is an inspiration and a hero.”
Conflict between Turkey and Kurdish groups has been inflamed since January.
Over the weekend, Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the country’s military had captured the town centre of Afrin, which was previously controlled by the YPG.
Nearly two months after launching an offensive on the Kurdish territory, he announced the Turkish flag and that of Syrian opposition fighters had been raised in the town.