Budget not intended to pave the way to an election, Theresa May insists
The Prime Minister spoke amid speculation Philip Hammond’s giveaways were designed to boost support ahead of a snap poll.
Prime Minister Theresa May has rejected suggestions that Chancellor Philip Hammond’s giveaway Budget was designed to pave the way for an early general election.
The Chancellor used Monday’s statement to announce a £100 billion loosening of the purse-strings, with income tax breaks for 32 million voters, help with business rates for the High Street, support for Universal Credit and the promise of increased public spending over the coming years.
The package prompted speculation that the Government was preparing the way for an early general election to provide Mrs May with a solid majority in the House of Commons as Brexit comes into effect in the spring.
Asked at a press conference in Oslo whether she was planning to ask voters to go back to the polls, Mrs May responded emphatically: “No. We are not preparing for another general election. That would not be in the national interest.”
Mrs May was in the Norwegian capital for the Northern Future Forum summit of north European states and will later address the Nordic Council.
The Chancellor also insisted that his Budget tax cuts and spending hikes were not intended to woo voters ahead of an early poll.
Asked if the giveaway Budget was a marker for a possible general election, Mr Hammond told ITV’s Good Morning Britain: “I hope not. What we are preparing for is Britain’s future.
“We’ve now turned a corner and we are able to give Britain a bit of good news.”
The Chancellor suggested that a Brexit deal could trigger more tax cuts and increased public service spending.
He told BBC Breakfast: “Because there will be a benefit to the economy from getting that deal, I hope we will be able to do a little bit better still than I set out yesterday, with a bit more money for public services when we have our spending review next year, and perhaps a bit more available going forward for some more tax cuts.”
The Tories usually do this. If a general election is coming, what they'll do is they'll splash out some money and then if they win the election they then start cutting it back again John McDonnell
Shadow chancellor John McDonnell said the Budget could signal a general election ahead.
He told ITV’s Good Morning Britain: “The Tories usually do this. If a general election is coming, what they’ll do is they’ll splash out some money and then if they win the election they then start cutting it back again.”
Mr McDonnell dismissed the Chancellor’s claim austerity is coming to an end as he insisted it is “rolling out still”.
He said: “I think people will be crushingly disappointed at yesterday because it certainly wasn’t the end (of austerity).”
Mr McDonnell said Labour would support tax cuts, but make the system fairer if the party won power.
Paul Johnson, director of the Institute for Fiscal Studies, said Mr Hammond had “got lucky” because tax revenues were better than expected.
He told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: “He’s just simply decided to spend all of that. I think he has abandoned any idea of getting to budget balance by the mid-2020s.”
Mr Johnson said there were big increases in NHS spending over the coming years but “he hasn’t found any money” for other public services.
Mr Hammond insisted the deficit will decline in every year of the forecast period.
He told Today: “We retain an ambition to balance the budget.”
Today I presented my Budget to Parliament. It shows the hard work of the British people is paying off: our careful fiscal management and solid economic recovery means that austerity is coming to an end. Read my full speech here: https://t.co/Klsovq2pgA #Budget2018— Philip Hammond (@PhilipHammondUK) October 29, 2018
The Chancellor dismissed suggestions that he had chopped down the “magic money tree” and burnt the lot.
“You are painting a picture here that is designed to show that I’m abandoning fiscal rectitude,” he said. “I’m not.”
The Chancellor defended his decision to increase income-tax thresholds in a way which benefits the wealthy more than the worse-off.
He said many middle-income workers in schools, hospitals and police services had been dragged into the higher rate of tax, adding: “It’s important to raise all of these thresholds.
Speaking to the media about how #Budget2018 is helping families and business across the country on my visit to @EminoxLtd in Gainsborough. @susannareid100 @NickFerrariLBC @bbcnickrobinson pic.twitter.com/YbNjAKZ4zx— Philip Hammond (@PhilipHammondUK) October 30, 2018
Measures announced in Mr Hammond’s third Budget amounted to a £100 billion loosening of the purse-strings over a six-year period.
But the spectre of a no-deal Brexit hung over the 72-minute statement, with the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) warning that failure to reach agreement with Brussels would hit the economy hard.
A disorderly Brexit “could have severe short-term implications for the economy, the exchange rate, asset prices and the public finances”, warned the Government’s independent forecaster.
“The scale would be very hard to predict, given the lack of precedent.”
Setting out his income tax cuts, Mr Hammond said the personal allowance will rise to £12,500 and the higher rate threshold will rise to £50,000, both from April 2019.
The changes had been due to come into force in 2020.
Mr Hammond said it would put “£130 in the pocket of a typical basic rate taxpayer”. The Treasury calculated the cumulative effect of increases in tax thresholds since 2010 at £1,200 for basic rate payers and £1,800 for those paying the higher rate.
The Chancellor set out a five-year plan for departmental spending which will see Whitehall budgets rise by an average of 1.2% a year.
Detailed figures made clear that the lion’s share of this extra funding will go to the Department of Health to pay for a £20.5 billion boost to NHS spending, while other departments see their budgets rise in line with inflation.
Downing Street insisted the spending pledges were fully funded, irrespective of the outcome of Brexit talks.
As well as giving, there was some taking.
In a move designed to put the UK at the forefront of international action to adapt tax systems to the digital age, the Chancellor announced a £400 million levy aimed at internet giants such as Google and Facebook.