Call for action on gender pay gap
Campaigners have called for action to close the gender pay gap after research showed women are effectively working for free for the rest of the year.
The difference between men's and women's average pay is 15.7%, or £5,200, but is much bigger for part-timers (34%) and in professions such as business and financial management.
The TUC said men working full-time were twice as likely to earn £50,000 a year, showing that the glass ceiling holding back women at work was getting "stronger".
The Fawcett Society said the gender pay gap was getting worse, while the so-called "motherhood penalty" of childcare responsibilities and lack of flexible working remained significant.
Dr Eva Neitzert, deputy chief executive of the campaign group, said: "It is disgraceful that in 2014 women in the UK still effectively work for free for nearly two months of the year relative to men and deeply concerning that last year the gap widened again for the first time in five years.
"The UK is fast sliding down the rankings of gender equal societies and we need to take action now. We urgently need action to tackle low pay, with the majority of those paid below the Living Wage female.
"Our research shows that lifting the national minimum wage to the Living Wage would reduce the gap by 0.8% - this compares to a historic slow pace of change that has seen the gap fall by just 6.2% over the past 16 years.
"We also need to make sure that having children does not spell the end of a woman's career progression by ensuring that part-time and flexible work opportunities are available at more senior levels. The public sector should lead by example and advertise all vacancies on a flexible basis, unless there is a clear business case not to."
The society dubbed today Equal Pay Day to highlight the difference in earnings between men and women.
TUC general secretary Frances O'Grady said: "It is small wonder that Britain is plummeting down the international league tables when it comes to gender equality.
"Four decades on from the Equal Pay Act women are still losing out on pay and career opportunities.
"It feels like the glass ceiling is getting stronger, not weaker and we need a much tougher approach to stop future generations of women from suffering this pay penalty. Companies must be held more accountable for how they pay their staff and made to publish information.
"The Government must also tackle the problem of poverty pay which is another reason for the gender pay gap. Ministers need to take a serious look at why so many jobs in Britain pay so little when employers can easily afford to pay staff more."
Gloria De Piero, shadow minister for women and equalities, said: "Women are working an extra three days for free this year because the pay gap is back on the rise.
"Women shouldn't have to wait another 50 years for equal pay which is why Labour will be calling a vote in Parliament to get big companies to publish their pay gap. If David Cameron's Government doesn't act, a Labour government will."
A government spokesperson said: "The Government is committed to delivering a long-term economic plan that works for everyone. Under this government there are more women employed in the UK than ever before and we are pleased that the overall trend on the gender pay gap continues downwards. The gap for full-time workers under 40 is now almost zero and it continues to narrow for the over 40s.
"However, it remains too high and we are committed to reducing it more. That's why we are giving employees the right to request flexible working, introducing Tax Free Childcare and shared parental leave from 2015 to make it easier for women to balance work and families."