Serious health challenges existing in coastal towns must be tackled by the Government or they will “get worse”, Professor Chris Whitty has said.
England’s chief medical officer (CMO) has recommended a cross-government national strategy to improve the health and wellbeing of coastal communities as part of his 2021 Annual Report.
The report found those living in coastal communities face lower life expectancies and higher rates of many major diseases compared to people in inland areas.
It comes after the Government’s levelling up agenda was introduced, which aims to invest billions of pounds in projects across the United Kingdom and in seaside towns such as Hastings and Hartlepool.
According to the analysis, Blackpool is the most deprived local authority in England, and also experiences the lowest life expectancy for both males (74.4 years) and females (79.5 years).
In West Somerset, 23% of residents over 16 live with a long-term condition compared to 17% inland, and in the entire county, hospital admissions for self-harm are significantly raised compared to the rest of England.
Coastal areas in the North East, such as Hartlepool and Hull, have seen high rates of coronavirus compared to the rest of the country and both have seen a negative impact on the local economies, the report sets out.
Prof Whitty’s report, Health in Coastal Communities – developed over the past year, found that seaside communities have 14.6% fewer postgraduate medical trainees, 15% fewer consultants and 7.4% fewer nurses per patient than the national average.
It was also noted that coastal towns have an oversupply of cheap guest housing and houses of multiple occupation (HMOs) which encourages the migration of vulnerable people, often with certain health needs.
Other findings include that older, retired citizens with increasing health problems often settle in costal regions, with transport more difficult in those areas.
Prof Whitty said: “Coastal areas are some of the most beautiful, vibrant and historic places in the country.
“They also have some of the worst health outcomes with low life expectancy and high rates of many major diseases.
“These communities have often been overlooked by governments and the ill-health hidden because their outcomes are merged with wealthier inland areas.
“A national strategy informed by local leaders and experts will help reduce inequalities and preventable ill health.
“If we do not tackle the health problems of coastal communities vigorously and systematically there will be a long tail of preventable ill health which will get worse as current populations age.”
He set out that a cross-government national strategy should be created to improve the health and wellbeing of coastal communities.
Prof Whitty also called for the “mismatch” between care worker deployment and disease to be addressed and said there needed to be an improvement in data and research into health needs.
Health Secretary Sajid Javid, said: “I welcome this report from Professor Chris Whitty, which raises important points on inequalities that we must tackle to improve the health of coastal communities – and I will carefully consider these recommendations.
“Those living in coastal areas clearly face different sets of challenges to those inland but everybody, no matter where they live, should have similar opportunities in education, housing, employment and health.
“We are committed to levelling up across the nation.”