Schools across the UK are to close to all pupils except those of key workers in a bid to halt the spread of Covid-19, Boris Johnson has said.
Schools in England will close their gates on Friday until further notice, alongside nurseries, childminders and colleges.
GCSEs and A-levels in England and Wales will also be cancelled – although there are plans for students to receive the qualifications they need, Mr Johnson said.
âAfter schools shut their gates from Friday afternoon, they will remain closed for most pupils - for the vast majority of pupils - until further notice.â â PM @BorisJohnson— UK Prime Minister (@10DowningStreet) March 18, 2020
Read more here: https://t.co/PY1RobCHyb pic.twitter.com/Wr6cL6hmiR
The Welsh Government said all schools will close for an early Easter break by Friday at the latest, but said childcare settings are expected to remain open for now.
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced schools and nurseries in Scotland will also close by the end of the week. A decision on whether exams will sit in Scotland has not yet been taken.
Colleges Scotland said face-to-face college teaching will stop across Scotland by Friday and move to online teaching.
Meanwhile, in Northern Ireland, schools will close and it is expected pupils will not sit summer exams.
Mr Johnson urged parents not to leave children in the care of grandparents or older relatives who are at higher risk of becoming seriously ill with coronavirus.
He said meals and vouchers would be provided for pupils who currently receive free school lunches, and those who are vulnerable will still be able to go to school.
This includes those who have a social worker and those with educational health and care plans, while the children of key workers such as those in the NHS, social care, police and supermarket delivery drivers will also be able to attend.
To date, 104 people have died after testing positive for coronavirus in the UK and around 55,000 are thought to have been infected.
Mr Johnson said measures taken so far were helping to slow the spread of the disease, but did not rule out tougher measures down the line, including if people did not stick to the “strong” public health advice already given.
He said schools had been under “constant review”, but now was the time to apply “further downward pressure” on the upward curve of the virus by shutting them.
Meanwhile in the Commons, Education Secretary Gavin Williamson confirmed that assessments and examinations such as GCSEs and A-levels will not take place in the current academic year.
And he told MPs: “The spike of the virus is increasing at a faster pace than anticipated and it is crucial that we continue to consider the right measures to arrest this increase and to relieve the pressure on the health system.
“The public health benefits of schools remaining open as normal are shifting.
“It is also clear that schools are increasingly finding it more difficult to continue as normal, as illness and self-isolation impacts on staffing levels and pupil attendance.”
In other developments:
– Housing Secretary Robert Jenrick said the Government will introduce emergency legislation to suspend new evictions from social or private rented accommodation “during this national emergency”.
– Some hospitals began stopping all non-essential visits to patients.
– Princess Beatrice cancelled her wedding reception, but plans to wed at the Chapel Royal on May 29 in a private ceremony.
– New Bank of England boss Andrew Bailey has not ruled out handing money directly to households and businesses, while Mr Johnson said he was looking at an emergency universal income scheme to help workers.
– The FTSE 100 continued its downward slump with a more than 5% drop at about 9.30am on Wednesday, wiping around £68 billion off the value of London’s biggest companies.
– Another baby has tested positive for Covid-19 at the James Paget University Hospital in Gorleston in Norfolk.
– The youngest person to die in the UK to date has been named as 45-year-old Craig Ruston, who had motor neurone disease and had tested positive for Covid-19.
– Filming on EastEnders and BBC Studios dramas including Casualty, Doctors, Holby City, Pobol y Cwm and River City will be postponed until further notice.
– Professor Neil Ferguson, of Imperial College London, one of the lead authors on a paper which predicted 250,000 people could die if the UK did not switch tactics, said he is self-isolating after developing symptoms of Covid-19.
– Sainsbury’s became the latest supermarket to announce measures to help the elderly and vulnerable.
– Global confirmed cases of coronavirus have topped 200,000 worldwide, according to Johns Hopkins University.
Watch: a message from @CMO_England on #coronavirus 👇— Department of Health and Social Care (@DHSCgovuk) March 18, 2020
If anyone in your household has coronavirus symptoms, you must all stay at home
â Do not visit your GP or local hospital
â Visit https://t.co/oIFxrX1eZn to check symptoms and follow the advice pic.twitter.com/v1gpXgdyPW
Mr Williamson said the scientific advice showed schools and nurseries were safe for a small number of children to continue attending.
Meanwhile, England’s chief medical officer, Professor Chirs Whitty, said the UK was in for the “long haul” in terms of social distancing measures.
When asked if it was safe for a few people to kick a ball about, Prof Whitty said: “If it is in the open air and people are keeping their distance then we would certainly want people to continue to enjoy themselves.”
He added: “Going to the park, yes. Crowding together with lots of people for a long time – that is the kind of thing we would rather people did not do.”
Mr Johnson told MPs that closing schools would be “frustrating” for many parents and it will “make it harder for them to go out to work”.
He said further measures were being worked on to support individuals and their families to help keep the economy going.
He said testing for Covid-19 was being “massively” scaled up to hit 25,000 tests a day, and a “huge public information campaign” was being launched.
A “game-changer” test to determine whether an individual has developed antibodies to tackle the coronavirus is “coming down the track”, he added.
“The great thing about having a test to see whether you’ve had it enough, is suddenly a green light goes on above your head and you can go back to work in the safe and confident in the knowledge that you are most unlikely to get it again.
“So from an economic point of view, from a social point of view, it really could be a game-changer.”
Mr Johnson said the Government would try to keep the duration of school closures to an “absolute minimum” and intended to “get things going again as fast as we can”.
The Government’s chief scientific adviser Sir Patrick Vallance said closing schools would help reduce transmission, but stressed that children are not getting the serious form of the illness.
He urged people to continue with social distancing and staying home if ill or in such a household, adding: “When we don’t adhere to this we are actually putting lots of people at risk.”
He said people should view the Government’s latest guidelines as “a really clear instruction” – not merely advice.
Mr Johnson said it was “strong advice” – but added: “We do not rule out taking further and faster measures in due course.”