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Dementia and Alzheimer's disease are leading cause of death for first time

Dementia and Alzheimer's disease has become the leading cause of death in England and Wales for the first time, new figures show.

An ageing population and better diagnosis of the condition has led to dementia and Alzheimer's knocking i schaemic heart disease from the top spot, statisticians said.

Of the 529,655 deaths registered in England and Wales in 2015, 11.6% were attributable to dementia or Alzheimer's, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

Among those aged 80 or over, dementia and Alzheimer's accounted for 13.7% of male deaths and 21.2% of deaths among women.

Meanwhile, the mortality rate for dementia and Alzheimer's has more than doubled over the last five years, the figures show.

But due to improvements in treatment, diagnosis and awareness, the mortality rates for the other top five leading causes of death - including ischaemic heart disease, chronic lower respiratory disease, lung cancer and cerebrovascular diseases such as strokes - have fallen since 2001.

The ONS data shows that for 2015, i schaemic heart diseases was the second leading cause of death, accounting for 11.5% of deaths.

But when the figures are broken down by gender, they show that heart disease is still the leading cause of death for men and dementia and Alzheimer's disease were certified as the main cause of death among women.

"In 2015, dementia and Alzheimer's disease became the leading cause of death in part because people are simply living longer but also because of improved detection and diagnosis," said Elizabeth McLaren, head of life event statistics at the ONS.

The figures also show large variation among age groups - people over 80 were more likely to die from d ementia and Alzheimer's deaths - while s uicide was the leading cause of deaths for people aged under 35.

Meanwhile, breast cancer remains the leading cause of death for women, aged 35 to 49.

But when all forms of cancer are grouped together, cancer was the most common cause of death in 2015, accounting for 27.9% of all deaths.

Commenting on the figures, Hilary Evans, chief executive of Alzheimer's Research UK, said: "These figures once again call attention to the uncomfortable reality that currently, no one survives a diagnosis of dementia.

"Alzheimer's Research UK's Christmas awareness campaign, launching on Wednesday, recognises this truth, that dementia is affecting increasing numbers of people and turning lives upside down.

"Some of the increase can be explained by a rise in diagnosis rates and a change in the way dementia is recorded on death certificates, offering a more accurate picture of the impact of dementia.

"With growing numbers of people living with dementia, we urgently need treatments that can stop or slow the diseases that drive this devastating condition.

"Today's report shows the potential for medical research and public policy to make a positive impact on the health of our nation.

"Thanks to better treatments and prevention programmes, deaths from many other serious conditions have been steadily dropping: now we must do the same for dementia.

"Dementia is not an inevitable part of ageing, it's caused by diseases that can be fought through research, and we must bring all our efforts to bear on what is now our greatest medical challenge."

Martina Kane, senior policy officer at the Alzheimer's Society, said: "Today's news that dementia and Alzheimer's disease are the leading cause of death in England and Wales is a stark reminder that dementia remains a growing concern across the country.

"While the news represents improvements in diagnosis rates, general awareness and the accuracy of reporting, it also reflects that there are rising numbers of people with dementia.

"While there remains no cure for the condition, everyone who develops it will sadly still have the disease when they die.

"It is therefore essential that people have access to the right support and services to help them live well with dementia and that research into better care, treatments and eventually a cure remain high on the agenda."

Professor John Newton, chief knowledge officer at Public Health England, said: "The burden of ill health has shifted to chronic, age-related illnesses, which has huge implications for the provision of health and social care in England.

"In the absence of treatment or cure, the most important thing you can do is take action now to reduce your risk of dementia in the future.

"This means maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, drinking less and not smoking."

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