Gender pay gap: the key statistics
What we’ve learned about councils, universities, train companies and other employers.
Here are some of the key statistics on the gender pay gap, based on data reported by thousands of employers around the country.
All the figures are based on the median hourly rate, which is the benchmark for measuring the gender pay gap.
A total of 321 local authorities in England have published their gender pay gap. Some 212 (66%) reported a gap in favour of men, 84 (26%) a gap in favour of women, and 25 (8%) no gap at all. North Hertfordshire district council reported the highest gap of 34.0%, which means on average women earn 66p for every £1 that men earn. By contrast, Adur district council reported a gap of 50.3% in favour of women.
Some 124 higher education institutions in England have reported their gender pay gap. The biggest gap (37.4%) was reported by both Harper Adams University and York St John University. This means on average women earn 63p for every £1 that men earn. Three institutions have no gender pay gap: the Royal College of Art, the Royal Agricultural University and the Royal College of Music. Among Russell Group universities, Durham reported the highest figure, 29.3%.
Every force in England and Wales has published their gender pay gap. Derbyshire Police reported the highest figure: 28.8%. This means on average women earn 71p for every £1 that men earn. Cleveland Police had no gender pay gap. No force reported a figure in favour of women.
The Department for Transport reported the highest gender pay gap: 22.6%. Every other department has a gap below the national average of 18.4%. The Department for Work and Pensions has no gender pay gap at all.
Train operating companies
The largest gender pay gap among train operators is 44.0% for staff working on the London Overground. Other companies with large gaps include Chiltern (31.0%), Transpennine Express (29.6%) and Crosscountry (29.0%). The smallest gap is 7.1% for Merseyrail.
Ryanair has reported the largest gender pay gap among airlines: 71.8%. This means on average women earn 28p for every £1 that men earn. The figure is high enough to appear in the top 10 biggest pay gaps in the country. Only one airline has reported a figure below the national average of 18.4%: British Airways, which has a gap of 10.0%.
The highest gender pay gap among the UK’s main newspapers is 23.4%, reported by the Telegraph. The smallest is 12.1%, reported by the Guardian.