Home Secretary promises to ‘look at’ calls to pardon suffragettes
Amber Rudd said it was “complicated” when considering violent crimes like arson, but said she would look at individual proposals.
The Home Secretary has said she will “look at” calls to pardon suffragettes who were treated as criminals during their fight for the right to vote.
Amber Rudd stressed it was “complicated” when looking at cases of arson and violence, but promised to analyse individual proposals.
The Government is facing calls to pardon female activists jailed before the implementation of the Representation of the People Act 100 years ago.
Ms Rudd said Turing’s Law, which pardoned thousands of gay and bisexual men convicted of now-abolished sexual offences, had set a precedent.
She told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: “I have seen this campaign, I completely understand where it’s coming from, the extraordinary pained campaign, violence that these women went through in order to deliver the vote, which has been of such benefit to us for generations.
“So I will take a look at it, but I must be frank, it is complicated because if you’re going to give a legal pardon for things like arson and violence it’s not as straightforward as people think it might be, but I will certainly look at proposals.”
She added: “I think there is something different about them but I’m just pointing out, unfortunately, the practical reality of bypassing the law in this way, but as I said, I would like to take a look at individual proposals to see what can be done.”
Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson has joined others in pushing for pardons, saying the suffragettes were simply righting the wrong of voting inequality.
Writing in the Daily Telegraph, she said: “Voting was a value judgment, not an intrinsic right.
“That inequality is one of the reasons why I support calls by family members to offer a posthumous pardon to those suffragettes charged with righting that wrong.”
Sam Smethers, chief executive of the Fawcett Society, named after suffragist Millicent Fawcett, said: “Suffragette activism was for a noble cause and many of them became political prisoners.
“It would be a fitting tribute to pardon them now.
Tomorrow marks 100 years since the Representation of the People Act was passed, for the first time giving some women the right to vote. Today all women have the right.— Electoral Commission (@ElectoralCommUK) February 5, 2018
Use this right, and register to vote today: https://t.co/xOkuov6s8x #Vote100 pic.twitter.com/sVGGBrDNOP
“They made such sacrifices so that we could all enjoy the rights we have today.
“In any meaningful sense of the word, they were not criminals.”
A pardon is defined as “the remitting or forgiving of a crime”, according to Stroud’s Judicial Dictionary.
The dictionary also says a pardon is “a remission of guilt: an amnesty is oblivion”, meaning that a pardon forgives the crime and excuses the penalty, but it does not expunge guilt for the offence.
If someone is convicted of theft and jailed, for example, and then given a royal pardon, they will be freed from prison but will still have been convicted of the offence.
But Stroud’s also says that a “free pardon” both forgives the offence and removes the guilt and conviction.
While suffragists used peaceful methods to achieve women’s suffrage, the suffragettes employed more militant tactics in their campaign.
There were more than 1,300 suffragette arrests according to the England, Suffragettes Arrested, 1906-1914 collection.
Many went on to be jailed, including leader Emmeline Pankhurst.
As a founder member of the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), Pankhurst was sentenced to repeated stretches in prison as a result of her militant activity.