The number of NHS staff with dementia training will reach 100,000 by March next year under a shake-up of medical education in England.
Measures to tackle a historic shortage in medics specialising in accident and emergency are also included in the Government's mandate for Health Education England (HEE).
Under the plans, more nurses will have part of their training in the community and the NHS will have enough midwives and maternity staff for all expectant mothers to receive personalised one-to-one care.
Health minister Dan Poulter said: "The staff working in our NHS are our health service's most precious resource, and we must do all we can to ensure that our staff have the right values, training and skills to deliver the very highest quality of care for patients.
"Today's mandate to Health Education England, backed by a £5 billion budget, will help our many dedicated frontline staff to further improve their ability to care for patients as well as enabling our NHS to train the next generation of doctors, nurses and healthcare assistants."
In a joint foreword to the document, Dr Poulter and Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said: "The terrible events at Mid Staffordshire Foundation Trust and the Francis Report reinforces the need to recruit NHS and public health staff with the right values and the need to put the delivery of high quality compassionate care at the heart of our NHS."
Under the targets set for HEE, 100,000 staff will have foundation level dementia training by March 2014, 50% of medical students will go on to become GPs and at least half of all student nurses will do a community placement as part of their training by March 2015.
A new five-year plan to ensure the right levels of staffing and training across the health service workforce will be in place by autumn 2013 including a commitment to tackle shortages in doctors working in emergency medicine.
HEE's chief executive, Prof Ian Cumming, said: "Our mandate from the Government sets out clearly the plans for education and training that will be the cornerstone for the delivery of high quality, effective, compassionate care, by recruiting for values and training for skills. Our £5 billion budget will allow us to recruit, train and develop a workforce that will deliver improved care to patients."
Cathy Warwick, chief executive of the Royal College of Midwives, said: "These commitments are very welcome. On paper this looks good but it has got to be put into action and the Government have to ensure this happens."