The Royal Navy monitored a squadron of Russian warships as they moved through the Strait of Dover after carrying out exercises in the North Sea.
The destroyer Severomorsk, a landing craft, a rescue tugboat and a tank ship have anchored in the Bay of the Seine, off the coast of northern France, to wait out a storm, according to a Russian defence ministry statement reported by local news agencies.
The Royal Navy was aware of the ships' presence and HMS Tyne monitored and escorted the squadron as it moved from the North Sea on Tuesday down through the Strait of Dover, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) said.
Patrol ship HMS Tyne finished shadowing the Russian vessels after they passed out of the UK's area of responsibility into the French zone.
It is understood that the Russian vessels complied with all maritime reporting regulations and defence sources said they expected the ships to head to the Mediterranean.
An MoD spokesman said: "We are aware that four Russian naval ships have passed through the Dover Strait from the North Sea into the English Channel, which all ships have the right to do under international law.
"The ships were escorted by the Royal Navy warship HMS Tyne as part of her UK maritime security role and have now left UK waters."
The Russians ships' presence comes at a time of heightened tension between Moscow and the West and follows a G20 summit at which Vladimir Putin came under international pressure over the Ukraine crisis.
France's president Francois Hollande this week suspended the planned delivery of a warship to Russia, citing the "current situation" in eastern Ukraine.
The Vladivostok, the first of two Mistral-class helicopter carriers ordered by Russia, was due to be delivered as part of a controversial 1.2 billion euro (£950 million) contract.
It is not unusual for Russian ships to pass through the English Channel but they are usually monitored by Royal Navy vessels as they do so.
In May a Russian aircraft carrier and a nuclear-powered battle cruiser passed through the English Channel as part of a seven-strong task group, with Royal Navy destroyer HMS Dragon tracking their movements.