The doctor who oversaw the safe delivery of Prince George, singer Katherine Jenkins, broadcaster Sandi Toksvig and presenter Kevin McCloud are among those recognised by the Queen in the New Year Honours List.
Marcus Setchell, who was the Queen's gynaecologist for two decades, is among those to receive an honour in the latest round, along with actress Penelope Keith, singer Katherine Jenkins, Gavin and Stacey co-creator Ruth Jones and the parents of murdered teenager Jimmy Mizen.
Some 1,195 people have received an award and for the first time since the Order of the British Empire was founded in 1917, there are more women (51%) on the list than men.
Among those to be recognised from the world of showbusiness are actress Lynda Bellingham and writer and broadcaster Sandi Toksvig - who receive OBEs - while MBEs go to Ruth Jones, DJ Pete Tong and Grand Designs presenter Kevin McCloud.
Jenkins said the honour left her feeling "incredibly humbled". "To accept such an award after only a decade of service to music and charity comes as a wonderful surprise," she added. "I share this award with the charitable bodies I am so privileged to work with, especially to those brave servicemen and women who risk so much for us all on a daily basis."
Loose Women panellist Bellingham, who recently announced she had been diagnosed with cancer, said her award was "a fantastic way to move forward" following a "tough year".
And actor Michael Crawford, who played Frank Spencer in 1970s' sitcom Some Mothers Do 'Ave 'Em, said his CBE for services to children's charities was "the most wonderful surprise".
Despite reports to the contrary, the list does not include knighthoods for footballer David Beckham and Wimbledon champion Andy Murray.
Murray, who was given an OBE after his Olympic gold medal, was touted as a possible knighthood recipient after becoming the first British man to win Wimbledon since Fred Perry 77 years ago.
Beckham, who announced his retirement earlier this year, was tipped to get the honour for his sporting success and work on the London 2012 Olympics bid. He received an OBE in 2003.
Setchell, who delayed his retirement after being asked by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge to oversee the birth of the third in line to the throne, becomes Sir Marcus as he is made a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) - an honour in the personal gift of the Queen.
The 70-year-old looked after Kate when she was taken to hospital with severe morning sickness in the early stages of her pregnancy, and previously helped save the life of the Countess of Wessex in 2003 when she was eight months pregnant with her elder child Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor.
Also on this year's list is Caroline Cassells, matron at the private King Edward VII's Hospital in central London, where Kate was treated for morning sickness, and where the Queen has previously received treatment. She becomes a Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order (LVO).
The Order of Merit (OM) goes to orchestra conductor Sir Simon Rattle and to world-renowned heart surgeon Professor Sir Magdi Yacoub.
Awarded to individuals of great achievement in the fields of the arts, learning, literature and science, there can be a total of only 24 OMs at any one time, making it a highly-exclusive collection of members. Previous recipients include Florence Nightingale and Sir Winston Churchill, as well as honorary members Mother Teresa and Nelson Mandela.
Actress Penelope Keith, who became a household name as Margot Leadbetter in 1970s' sitcom The Good Life, becomes a dame in this year's list, as does Murder, She Wrote actress Angela Lansbury, who is in the Diplomatic and Overseas List.
Knighthoods go to film and theatre producer Michael Codron; sculptor Antony Gormley; and former Bank of England deputy governor Paul Tucker, while former director of public prosecutions Keir Starmer QC receives a knighthood for services to law and criminal justice.
Angel Of The North creator Antony Gormley said he accepted his knighthood as "a recognition" for the art form.
He said he was "happy" to accept the honour, describing it as a "good thing for sculpture and a recognition of the aspect of sculpture that is about a collective vision".
Toksvig said she felt "honoured" to be recognised, adding that she would like to take the opportunity to pay tribute to all the writers, production and technical staff she has worked with.
Jones, who set parts of Gavin & Stacey in her native South Wales, described her award as not "just tidy, it's proper tidy".
"Apparently great uncle Leslie got an OBE in the 40s and uncle Jack the fireman got one in the 60s. So I'm keeping up with the Joneses, ha ha," she added.
Elsewhere in the arts, composer and conductor Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, who is Master of the Queen's Music, becomes a Companion of Honour.
CBEs go to ballet dancer Carlos Acosta; former FA chairman David Bernstein; and presenter Nicholas Parsons, known for his long-standing position as host of the comedy radio game show Just A Minute.
Barry and Margaret Mizen, whose 16-year-old son Jimmy was murdered in London in May 2008, receive MBEs for services to young people. The couple set up the Jimmy Mizen Foundation to help young people play a positive role in their communities.
Mr Mizen said the award was not just a reward for him and his wife but for the whole family, who are all involved in some way in the foundation.
"We weren't expecting anything at all like this. We're really chuffed," he said.
"To us, it's about the hundreds and hundreds of people that support us, it's about all the work the rest of our family do, and it's in memory of a fine and decent young lad whose legacy will be one of peace and community cohesion."
An MBE also goes to artist Derek Clarke, member of the Royal Scottish Academy of Arts, whose career has spanned more than 70 years and who turns 101 tomorrow, while OBEs go to the founders of parenting website Netmums.com, Siobhan Freegard, Cathy Court and Sarah Russell who said it recognised the achievements of mothers all over the country.
In total, 1,195 people have received an award, 74% of them for outstanding work in their communities.
There are 610 women in the list - 51% of the total. Previously the highest proportion of women on any honours lists was 47%.
Female recipients include Apprentice star Karren Brady, vice-chairman of West Ham Football Club and former Birmingham City managing director, who gets a CBE for services to entrepreneurship and women in business. Met Office chief scientist Professor Julia Slingo becomes a dame.
Recipients of the British Empire Medal (BEM), reintroduced in the 2012 Queen's Birthday Honours, include Tina Selby, who founded Hats4Heroes in 2010 and has since sent nearly 10,000 knitted hats, each containing a chocolate bar, to British forces in Afghanistan to boost morale.
Awards for sport make up 4% of the total, with an OBE going to England and Arsenal Ladies footballer Rachel Yankey, as well as to former long-distance runner David Bedford, who was race director of the London Marathon for more than 20 years.
A CBE goes to Ann Jones for her service to tennis since winning Wimbledon in 1969, and the England women's rugby team captain Katy McLean gets an MBE.
Knighthoods include philanthropist Roger De Haan, former chairman of Saga Group, who has given £49 million over the last seven years to education, arts and community organisations in the UK and overseas, and Alan Parker, founder and chairman of city PR firm Brunswick, who made a number of generous personal gifts to Save the Children, as well as carrying out the role of chairman at the charity.
A knighthood goes to former lord mayor of London Michael Gifford, and to world-renowned food scientist Professor Godfrey Palmer, professor emeritus at Edinburgh's Heriot-Watt University.
In politics, Rosemary Butler, presiding officer of the National Assembly for Wales, becomes a dame, while knighthoods go to Mid-Worcester MP Peter Luff; Croydon South MP Richard Ottaway; and Kevin Barron, MP for Rother Valley.
Recipients from the health sector, who make up 7% of the honours, include Julie Bailey, who gets a CBE. She founded the campaign group Cure the NHS after being appalled by the care she witnessed her mother and others receive at Staffordshire General Hospital.
In science and technology there are damehoods for Professor Frances Kirwan, professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford; a knighthood for Professor Richard Blundell, professor of economics at University College London; and a knighthood for Professor Adrian Bird, Buchanan Professor of Genetics at the University of Edinburgh.
And in law and order, awards include a CBE for Trevor Pearce, former director general of the Serious and Organised Crime Agency (Soca) and now a director of the National Crime Agency (NCA), while a CBE also goes to former president of the Law Society Lucy Scott-Moncrieff.