The UK Government has set out its vision of a free-flowing and unmonitored Irish border post-Brexit, with the majority of local businesses avoiding customs tariffs.
The proposals outlined in a Whitehall position paper add some detail to Prime Minister Theresa May’s oft-repeated pledge to avoid a hardening of the border.
While the return of Troubles-era checkpoints along the UK’s only land border with the EU has long been considered a non-runner by the Government, there was an expectation it would seek to use technology to monitor major crossings along the 300-mile frontier.
But that was not the stance adopted in Wednesday’s position paper. Confounding expectations, it instead stated a desire to avoid any physical infrastructure whatsoever, with officials confirming that meant no CCTV cameras or number plate recognition systems.
Mrs May said: “As we look forward to Brexit, of course, we do want to ensure that we don’t see a return to the borders of the past, we don’t see a return to a hard border, and that we are able to ensure that the crucial flow of goods and people between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland is able to continue in the future.”
The plan will only become reality if the UK can convince EU negotiators it is feasible and in the interests of the 27 remaining member states.
Welcome for publication of Government position paper | Democratic Unionist Party: https://t.co/vzjpS5fr1L— DUP (@duponline) August 16, 2017
Resolving the challenges around the Irish border is one of three main “phase one” issues in the Brexit negotiations, along with citizens’ rights and the financial exit settlement.
The EU 27 will decide in a crunch Brussels summit in October if sufficient progress has been made on all three to widen negotiations to issues such as future trading relations.
In respect of those relations, the document proposes a customs arrangement that would see 80% of businesses on the island of Ireland entirely exempt from any new tariffs post-Brexit. The exemption would apply to small and medium-sized enterprises involved in localised cross-border trade.
#Brexit -On Ireland, we must discuss how to maintain Common Travel Area&protect Good Friday Agreement before looking at technical solutions— European Commission 🇪🇺 (@EU_Commission) August 16, 2017
In respect of larger companies engaged in international trade, the Government suggests they could adhere to any new customs regime by completing retrospective declarations either online or at their premises.
Officials concede that the proposals could be open to fraud – with Great Britain or continental European-based companies using Irish business counterparts to avoid tariffs – but they believe those risks can be managed effectively.
The Government paper again dismissed any suggestion a customs border could be shifted to the Irish Sea, with checks and tariffs only in operation at entry and exit points between the island of Ireland and Great Britain.
If the EU signed off the UK’s ultimate customs objective – a partnership deal with the UK mirroring Europe’s tariff system, as set out in a separate position paper on Tuesday – then no Irish companies would be subject to new checks as a consequence of Brexit.
The paper also reaffirms the Government’s stated commitment to maintain the almost century-old Common Travel Area (CTA), which allows UK and Irish citizens to travel, work, study, vote and claim benefits in both jurisdictions.
In addition, it advocates the retention of rights enshrined under the 1998 Good Friday peace accord, such as the right of nationalists living in Northern Ireland to claim Irish, and consequently EU, citizenship.
The Government has also committed to explore ways to maintain funding for peace-building initiatives in Northern Ireland that is currently provided by the EU – to the tune of two billion euro since 1995.
Irish foreign minister Simon Coveney said the paper was “timely and helpful”. He welcomed elements of it but said “significant questions” still remain.