Schools are set to be judged on the performance of their brightest and most struggling pupils under measures expected to be outlined by ministers.
Under the proposals, league tables would be overhauled to expand the numbers of measures upon which schools are ranked.
Plans due to be outlined by Education Secretary Michael Gove include publishing figures which show, for each school, the difference between the lowest achieving pupils, the highest achieving, and those performing as expected.
The figures will be included in next year's secondary school league tables, which are published in January.
At the moment, schools are ranked on the proportion of pupils getting five GCSEs at grades A*-C, but concerns have been raised that this does not take into account every child's performance and has led to schools focusing on pupils on the borderline of getting C or D grades.
Mr Gove is expected to announce the plans as he publishes the Government's response to Professor Alison Wolf's review into vocational qualifications.
He is expected to accept her recommendations to reform league tables, as well as measures to boost pupils' maths and English skills.
The Government is also expected to accept Prof Wolf's recommendation to overhaul vocational qualifications amid fears that many 14 to 16-year-olds are on courses which are encouraged by league tables but do not lead anywhere in the workplace.
But Brian Lightman, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said: "How many measures do we need? We've already got a vast amount of measures. To me, the important thing is what we teach and how we teach it. I think there's far too much emphasis on accountability rather than on the curriculum we are teaching."
Christine Blower, general secretary of the National Union of Teachers (NUT), said: "No amount of tweaking alters the fact that league tables have a distorting effect on pupils' learning. This is not a reform which will allow schools to focus on teaching and learning in a balanced way. We need to move away from this unnecessary and ineffective way of measuring a school's progress."