About 140 pilot whales which stranded themselves on a remote stretch of beach in New Zealand have died, an official said today.
But conservation workers and volunteers are hoping the remaining 60 or so will survive after they managed to get them refloated.
The geography of Farewell Spit on South Island seems to work against whales, which regularly become stranded there. The stranding of 198 whales yesterday was one of the largest in recent years and prompted 80 workers and volunteers to help out.
By late today, 140 of the whales had died, said Department of Conservation area manager Andrew Lamason.
He said the workers and volunteers toiled throughout the day to keep the surviving whales watered and covered before refloating them at high tide.
"We've had a really good crew of volunteers, and people have been wanting to come from all over the country," Mr Lamason said.
He said the surviving whales had moved to deeper water. But he cautioned that, while hopes for their survival were high, whales had been refloated in the past only to return and get stranded again.
He added that the scale of the stranding has been tough on the helpers, both physically and emotionally.
"It's very sad, they're very intelligent animals," he said. "The pragmatic view is that it's part of nature."
The focus will now turn to the dead whales, and the enormous task of dealing with the carcasses, Mr Lamason said, adding that while in the past helpers have typically buried them in the sand, he was not sure what the approach will be this time.
He said the department had been experimenting with tethering or moving carcasses into the water, which has the advantage of providing food for other sea creatures.
Experts describe Farewell Spit, located on the north-west corner of the South Island, as a whale trap due to the way its shallow waters seem to confuse whales and diminish their ability to navigate.
Pilot whales grow to about 20ft (6m) in length.