The Alberta government says an online video showing a black bear being killed by a spear is unacceptable and it plans to ban the practice.
The video posted in June on the YouTube account of Josh Bowmar, who runs an Ohio-based fitness company, sparked outrage before it was made private.
By the time it was removed from public view on Monday it had attracted more than 208,000 views.
The 13-minute video shows Mr Bowmar launching a spear - with a camera attached - at a bear from 11 to 14 metres (36ft to 46ft) away and captures his jubilant reaction when the animal is hit.
Alberta environment and parks spokesman Tim Chamberlin called spear hunting an "archaic" practice and said they will introduce a ban on spear hunting this autumn.