China anger at Japan shrine visits
China has summoned Japan's ambassador to register a protest over Japanese Cabinet members' visits to a controversial shrine to war dead in Tokyo.
Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin lodged "solemn representations" in his meeting with Ambassador Masato Kitera and expressed "strong protest and severe condemnation," the ministry said in a statement posted to its website.
"We call upon Japan to rigorously honour their expression and commitment to deeply reflect on their history of invasion ... or there will be no future to Japan's relations with its Asian neighbours," the statement said.
The meeting followed visits by ministers and dozens of politicians to the Yasukuni Shrine to mark the 68th anniversary of Japan's surrender in the Second World War.
The shrine honours 2.5 million Japanese war dead, including officers executed for war crimes committed against nations including China and Korea. Beijing regards such visits as an affront to its past suffering and evidence that Japan has yet to show true contrition over its actions.
Past shrine visits by former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi incensed China and sparked years of fractious relations. While current Prime Minister Shinzo Abe did not visit on Thursday, the Chinese ministry's statement still criticised him for having had an aide present an ornamental offering bought with his own money.
"Regardless of what form or capacity the Japanese leader worships at the Yasukuni Shrine, the essence is to deny and prettify Japan's history of militarism," the statement said.
This year's anniversary comes amid heightened tensions over disputed East China Sea islands controlled by Japan but claimed by China. Tokyo's purchase of the islands from their private owners in September sparked violent anti-Japanese protests in a number of Chinese cities.