China arrests ex-security strongman
Chinese authorities have arrested and launched a criminal investigation against the country's former feared security chief Zhou Yongkang on charges ranging from adultery and bribery to leaking state secrets.
The arrest, which emerged after Zhou, 72, was expelled from China's Communist Party overnight, paves the way for a trial of the most senior figure so far to be ensnared in President Xi Jinping's anti-corruption crackdown and appears to seal the downfall of a formerly powerful politician once considered a potent rival for Mr Xi.
Square-jawed, granite-faced Zhou is the highest-level official to be prosecuted since the 1981 treason trial of Mao Zedong's wife and other members of the "Gang of Four" who persecuted political opponents during the 1966-76 Cultural Revolution.
He had been under investigation for "severe disciplinary violations" - a phrase is usually used to describe corruption - since July and presumably had been detained by party investigators months earlier. He had not been seen publicly since last October.
"He abused his power to help relatives, mistresses and friends make huge profits from operating businesses, resulting in serious losses of state-owned assets," the official Xinhua News Agency said.
In a statement posted online, t he party's Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said the decision to expel Zhou was made at a meeting of the political bureau of the party's central committee. The bureau deliberated an investigation report on Zhou, who was in charge of China's massive domestic security apparatus before his retirement in 2012, and referred the case to prosecutors.
Shortly after the expulsion was announced yesterday, prosecutors announced Zhou's formal arrest and opened a criminal case against him, the party said.
The investigation had found that Zhou had "seriously violated the party's political, organisational and confidentiality discipline," Xinhua said.
"Zhou leaked the party's and country's secrets," the Xinhua report said, without revealing what he might have leaked, or to whom. "He seriously violated self-disciplinary regulations and accepted a large amount of money and properties personally and through his family. Zhou committed adultery with a number of women and traded his power for sex and money."
Any trial would be expected to have a foregone conclusion with Zhou convicted of his charges, because the outcomes of such high-profile trials are widely believed to be negotiated among top leaders ahead of time.
Zhou was considered by many observers and political experts to have been a key rival to Mr Xi. By targeting Zhou, Mr Xi showed the considerable power he has amassed since he took the helm of the party in November 2012.
Former members of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee had long been considered off-limits for prosecution in an unwritten rule aimed at preserving party unity. But Mr Xi vowed to go after both low and high-level officials in his campaign to purge the party of corruption and other wrongdoing that have undermined its legitimacy in the public eye.
"What Zhou did completely deviated from the party's nature and mission, and seriously violated party discipline. His behaviours badly undermined the reputation of the party, significantly damaged the cause of the party and the people, and have yielded serious consequences," the report said.
Zhou was once perceived as untouchable, with expansive patronage networks covering the sprawling south-western province of Sichuan where he was once party boss and controlled the state oil sector, police and courts.
More significantly, as China's security chief, he oversaw the country's domestic spy agencies, a position that afforded him access to information on other high-ranking politicians who might pose a threat to him.
Zhou was the son of an eel fisherman in a little-known eastern village, the eldest of three boys and the only one to attend university, from which he graduated as an engineer, according to financial news magazine Caixin.
He spent the early part of his career in the oil sector, rising through the ranks over several decades to become the general manager of China National Petroleum, one of the world's biggest energy companies, in 1996.
He then served as party chief of Sichuan province between 1999 and 2002, and became a Politburo Standing Committee member and the national security chief in 2007.