China has accused the US of undermining global stability with unilateral policies and “power politics”.
The claim came in the Chinese defence ministry’s first comprehensive outline of its defence policies since President Xi Jinping came to power.
America was the first country mentioned in the document’s opening section about “prominent destabilising factors” and “profound changes” in the international security environment.
The official document said: “The US has adjusted its national security and defence strategies, and adopted unilateral policies.
“It has provoked and intensified competition among countries, significantly increased its defence expenditure … and undermined global strategic stability.”
The document is China’s first comprehensive national defence white paper published since the 18th National Party Congress in 2012, an official spokesman said. It is the 10th white paper of its kind since 1998.
China also said it will not renounce the use of force in efforts to reunify Taiwan with the mainland and vowed to take all necessary military measures to defeat “separatists”.
Beijing listed among its top priorities its resolve to contain “Taiwan independence” and combat what it considers separatist forces in Tibet and the far west region of Xinjiang.
Wednesday’s report highlighted China’s “defensive” approach, but also pledged to “surely counterattack if attacked”.
Defence ministry spokesman Wu Qian said the threat of Taiwan separatism is growing and warned that those who are seeking Taiwan independence will meet a dead end.
“It anyone dares to separate Taiwan from China, the Chinese army will certainly fight, resolutely defending the country’s sovereign unity and territorial integrity,” Mr Wu said.
Taiwan, a democratically-governed island, split from the Communist Party-ruled mainland China amid civil war in 1949.
China maintains that Taiwan is part of its territory and seeks “complete reunification”.
The US has repeatedly raised Beijing’s ire by selling arms to Taiwan.
While the US does not have formal diplomatic ties with Taiwan, US law requires that it provide Taiwan with sufficient defence equipment and services for self-defence.
Earlier this month, the US tentatively approved a sale of 2.2 billion US dollars (£1.7 billion) in arms to Taiwan — a proposal which had prompted China to threaten sanctions against the US.
Taiwan’s defence ministry said it made the request in light of a growing military threat from China.
The white paper also pointed to US, Japanese and Australian moves to beef up their military presence and alliances in the Asia-Pacific as bringing uncertainties to the region.
The US deployment of a missile defence system in South Korea has severely undermined the regional strategic balance, the report said.
It further noted Japan’s reinterpretation of its post-Second World War constitution to allow its military to operate farther from its shores.
China’s military expansion in recent years has prompted concerns among other Pacific countries in a region long dominated by the US Navy.