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Donald Trump's inauguration: Protesters pitching diverse causes but united against incoming president

Protesters pitching diverse causes but united against the incoming president demonstrated in the early hours of Inauguration Day, intent on making their mark as Donald Trump prepared to take office.

Bearing signs reading "Let freedom ring" and "Free Palestine", dozens lined up across a security checkpoint near the Capitol, some wearing orange jumpsuits with black hoods over their faces to represent prisoners in US detention at Guantanamo Bay.

Eleanor Goldfield, who helped organise the Disrupt J20 protest, said protesters wanted to show Mr Trump and his "misguided, misinformed or just plain dangerous" supporters that they will not be silent.

Hundreds of thousands of people are in Washington to witness the inauguration, and some protesters plan to do their best to derail the celebrations.

Late on Thursday evening, protesters and supporters of Mr Trump clashed outside a pro-Trump event in the capital. Police used chemical spray on some protesters in an effort to control the unruly crowd.

Hundreds gathered outside the National Press Club in central Washington, where the "DeploraBall" was being held. The name is a play on a campaign remark by Hillary Clinton, who once referred to many of Mr Trump's supporters as a "basket of deplorables".

In New York, actors Robert De Niro, Sally Field and Mark Ruffalo joined hundreds of other people outside a Trump building on Thursday for a pre-inauguration demonstration.

Demonstrators protest against US President-elect Donald Trump before his inauguration on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators protest against US President-elect Donald Trump before his inauguration on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. AFP/Getty Images

More demonstrations are under way. The DisruptJ20 coalition, named after the date of the inauguration, said people participating in its actions in Washington would attempt to shut down or cause delays at security checkpoints going into the inauguration ceremony. They intend to block checkpoints and in some cases risk arrest.

"Our goals are to have to have massive protests and to shut down the inauguration if at all possible, and if not possible - if we can't shut the inauguration down - then make it as difficult as possible for Trump to act as if he has a mandate," organiser David Thurston told reporters last week.

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President Donald Trump takes the oath of office as his wife Melania Trump holds the bible and his son Barron Trump looks on, on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
President Donald Trump takes the oath of office as his wife Melania Trump holds the bible and his son Barron Trump looks on, on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
Donald Trump (L) is sworn in as the 45th US president by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts in front of the Capitol in Washington on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / Timothy A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
People stand on the National Mall to listen to the 58th Presidential Inauguration for President Donald Trump at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: U.S. President Donald Trump delivers his inaugural address on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: U.S. President Donald Trump embraces his family after taking the oath of office during inauguration ceremonies swearing in Trump as the 45th president of the United States on the West front of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, DC, U.S., January 20, 2017. (Photo by Jim Bourg - Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: President Donald Trump kisses his daughter Tiffany Trump after his inauguration on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
President Donald Trump talks with former President Barack Obama on Capitol Hill in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017, after Trump took the presidential oath. (Saul Loeb/Pool Photo via AP)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas (C) congratulates U.S. Vice President Mike Pence (L) after he took the oath of office as his wife Karen Pence looks on, on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: President Donald Trump delivers his inaugural address on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
Former President Barack Obama waves as he boards a Marine helicopter during a departure ceremony on the East Front of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017, after President Donald Trump was inaugurated. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
US President Donald Trump (L) and former US President Barack Obama clap after the national anthem was sung on January 20, 2017 at the US Capitol in Washington, DC. / AFP PHOTO / Mark RALSTONMARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images
Tape closes off broken windows at businesses in Northwest Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017, after a confrontation with protestors blocks from Donald Trump's inauguration. (AP Photo/Michael Biesecker)
US President Donald Trump speaks during the Presidential Inauguration at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / SAUL LOEBSAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: US President Donald Trump supporters react on the National Mall to the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire world have watched the transfer of the United States presidency from Barack Obama to Donald Trump, the 45th president. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: US President Donald Trump supporters react on the National Mall to the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire world have watched the transfer of the United States presidency from Barack Obama to Donald Trump, the 45th president. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
President Donald Trump delivers his inaugural address after being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States during the 58th Presidential Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: US President Donald Trump supporters pray on the National Mall during the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire world have watched the transfer of the United States presidency from Barack Obama to Donald Trump, the 45th president. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: U.S. President Donald Trump delivers his inaugural address on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: (From L to R) First Lady Melania Trump, Karen Pence, President Donald Trump, Vice President Mike Pence, former president Barack Obama, former vice president Joe Biden, Michelle Obama and Jill Biden stand on the steps of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Rob Carr/Getty Images)
Cuban-American supporters raise their right hands as they watch on television President Donald Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States.Friday, Jan. 20, 2017, in the Little Havana area in Miami. (AP Photo/Alan Diaz)
President Donald Trump points at Former President Barack Obama after his speech during the 58th Presidential Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: First Lady Melania Trump, President Donald Trump, Vice President Mike Pence and Karen Pence wave goodbye to Barack and Michelle Obama on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Rob Carr/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: First Lady Melania Trump, President Donald Trump, Vice President Mike Pence and Karen Pence wave goodbye to Barack and Michelle Obama on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Rob Carr/Getty Images)
US President Donald Trump and his wife Melania Trump wave after he took the oath of office on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
US President-elect Donald Trump applauds after Vice President Mike Pence (C rear) was sworn in during the Presidential Inauguration at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / SAUL LOEBSAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images
US President Barack Obama shake hands with President-elect Donald Trump during the Presidential Inauguration at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / SAUL LOEBSAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images
President Elect Donald Trump arrives on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
US President elect Donald Trump (C) arrives for the swearing-in ceremony on in front of the Capitol in Washington on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / Timothy A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
A man is washed with water after being sprayed by police pepper spray during an anti-Trump demonstration on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Protesters attempted to block an entrance to the inauguration ceremony. President-elect Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th U.S. President later today. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
US President-elect Donald Trump arrives on the West Front of the Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
US Vice President-elect Mike Pence arrives for the Presidential Inauguration of Donald Trump at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / SAUL LOEBSAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images
US President Barack Obama(R) and First Lady Michelle Obama(L) welcome Preisdent-elect Donald Trump(2nd-R) and his wife Melania to the White House in Washington, DC January 20, 2017. AFP/Getty Images
Former Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton whispers to former President George W. Bush on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Former Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton (R) talks to former President George W. Bush arrives on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
A poster-size image of a woman in a headscarf in the colors of the American flag is viewed as it appeared in a full-page ad in several US newspapers on January 20, 2017, part of a protest launched on the day of Donald Trump's presidential inauguration. AFP/Getty Images
President-elect Donald Trump's wife Melania Trump adjusts Barron Trump's tie before the 58th Presidential Inauguration for President-elect Donald Trump at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Melania Trump arrives on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
Demonstrators protest the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: (L-R) Ivanka Trump, Vanessa Trump, Jared Kushner and first lady Michelle Obama arrive on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
Demonstrators protest the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: People watch from the National Mall the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency later today as Donald Trump is sworn is as the 45th president Friday. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
A woman holds a sign before the start of the Presidential Inauguration of Donald Trump at Freedom Plaza on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO / Joshua LOTTJOSHUA LOTT/AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators protest the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO / Joshua LOTTJOSHUA LOTT/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: People gather on the National Mall for the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency later today as Donald Trump is sworn is as the 45th president Friday. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: People watch from the National Mall the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency later today as Donald Trump is sworn is as the 45th president Friday. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: A man rests on the National Mall during the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency later today as Donald Trump is sworn is as the 45th president Friday. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
President Barack Obama and President-elect Donald Trump's motorcade drives down Pennsylvania Avenue for the 58th Presidential Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)
US Chief Justice John Roberts(BottomR), Justice Anthony Kennedy(L) and Justice Clarence Thomas(2nd-L) arrive on the platform of the US Capitol in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017, before the swearing-in ceremony of US President-elect Donald Trump. / AFP PHOTO / Paul J. RichardsPAUL J. RICHARDS/AFP/Getty Images
Vanessa Trump arrives on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
Sen. Tim Kaine (D-VA) (L) talks with Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) arrives on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama welcome President-elect Donald Trump and his wife Melania Trump to the White House prior to the inauguration in Washington, D.C. on January 20, 2017. Later today Donald Trump will be sworn-in as the 45th President. (Photo by Kevin Dietsch-Pool/Getty Images)
Sen. Bernie Sanders (D-VT) arrives on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
Hillary Clinton arrives at the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Rob Carr/Getty Images)
Hillary Clinton waves as she arrives at the US Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald Trump took the first ceremonial steps before being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- ushering in a new political era that has been cheered and feared in equal measure. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / Rob CarrROB CARR/AFP/Getty Images
Former US Vice-President Dick Cheney arrives on the platform of the US Capitol at the Capitol in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017, before the swearing-in ceremony of US President-elect Donald Trump. / AFP PHOTO / Timothy A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: President-elect Donald J. Trump and first lady-elect Melania Trump depart St. John's Church on Inauguration Day on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will become the 45th president of the United States today. (Photo by Chris Kleponis - Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: President-elect Donald J. Trump and first lady-elect Melania Trump depart St. John's Church on Inauguration Day on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will become the 45th president of the United States today. (Photo by Chris Kleponis - Pool/Getty Images)
Former US President Bill Clinton and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrive near the east front steps of the Capitol Building before President-elect Donald Trump is sworn in at the 58th Presidential Inauguration on Capitol Hill in Washington, D. on January 20, 2017. Donald Trump took the first ceremonial steps before being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- ushering in a new political era that has been cheered and feared in equal measure. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / John ANGELILLOJOHN ANGELILLO/AFP/Getty Images
Singer Jackie Evancho arrives for the Presidential Inauguration of Donald Trump at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / SAUL LOEBSAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: The Marine band plays on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today's inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Laura Bush waves as she arrives at fthe U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In todays inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Rob Carr/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: People wait in line to enter the National Mall prior to the presidential inauguration on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald Trump is being sworn in as the 45th President of the United States. (Photo by Patrick Smith/Getty Images)
The President's place setting is displayed in Statuary Hall in the Capitol for the Inaugural Lunch following Donald Trump's inauguration as the 45th President of the United States, in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MOLLY RILEYMOLLY RILEY/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Protesters and supporters gather on the National Mall for the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Today Trump is sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Jessica Kourkounis/Getty Images)
The ceremonial gifts for the President and Vice President are set in Statuary Hall in the Capitol for the Inaugural Lunch following Donald Trump's inauguration as the 45th President of the United States, in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MOLLY RILEYMOLLY RILEY/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: New York City's Naked Cowboy joins protesters and supporters on the National Mall for the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Today Trump is sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Jessica Kourkounis/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Guests arrive for the inauguration on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In todays inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: President Barak Obama leaves the White House for the final time as President as the nation prepares for the inauguration of President-elect Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, D.C. Trump becomes the 45th President of the United States. (Photo by Kevin Dietsch-Pool/Getty Images)
US President Barack Obama(R) and First Lady Michelle Obama(2nd-L) welcome Preisdent-elect Donald Trump(L) and his wife Melania(2nd-R) to the White House in Washington, DC January 20, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / JIM WATSONJIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images
President Barack Obama kisses first lady Michelle Obama as they await for the arrival of President-elect Donald Trump and his wife Melania, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017, at the White House in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
People gather to watch the inauguration of US President-elect Donald Trump on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. / AFP PHOTO / Mark RALSTONMARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images
First lady Michelle Obama, flanked by President Barack Obama and President-elect Donald Trump, greets Melania Trump at the White House in Washington, Friday, Jan. 20, 2017. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: President Barak Obama leaves the White House for the final time as President as the nation prepares for the inauguration of President-elect Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, D.C. Trump becomes the 45th President of the United States. (Photo by Kevin Dietsch-Pool/Getty Images)
Supporters of US President-elect Donald Trump watch a TV screen at the National Mall, as he arrives at the White House to greet US President Barack Obama in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- winning vindication for his bare-knuckle White House bid and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO / Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDSANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect and his wife Melania leave St. John's Episcopal Church on January 20, 2017, before Trump's inauguration. / AFP PHOTO / Nicholas KammNICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect Donald Trump and his wife Melania speak with Reverend Luis Leon as they leave St. John's Episcopal Church on January 20, 2017, before Trump's inauguration. / AFP PHOTO / Nicholas KammNICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images
Members of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir wait for the swearing in of Donald Trump as the 45th president of the Untied States during the 58th Presidential Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol in Washington. Friday, Jan. 20, 2017 (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Anthony Messina of Brooklyn, New York poses for a portrait as people gather on the National Mall prior to Donald Trump's Presidential Inauguration on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Trump is being sworn in as the 45th President of the United States. (Photo by Patrick Smith/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: President-elect Donald J. Trump departs Blair House to attend a church service at St. John's Episcopal Church on Inauguration Day on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will become the 45th president of the United States today. (Photo by Chris Kleponis - Pool/Getty Images)
Members of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir wait below the Capitol dome in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017, before the swearing-in ceremony of US President-elect Donald Trump. / AFP PHOTO / Brendan SMIALOWSKIBRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators protest against US President-elect Donald Trump before his inauguration on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO / Jewel SAMADJEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Chairs are set up on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In todays inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: The Marine band sits on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In todays inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Members of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir sit on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In todays inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
People and reporters prepare for the inauguration of US President-elect Donald Trump on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. / AFP PHOTO / Mark RALSTONMARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Workers set the stage at the U.S. Capitol on Inauguration Day on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will become the 45th president of the United States today. (Photo by Daniel Acker - Pool/Getty Images)
People and reporters prepare for the inauguration of US President-elect Donald Trump on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. / AFP PHOTO / Mark RALSTONMARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images
Young members of the National Cathedral Choir wait below the Capitol dome in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017, before the swearing-in ceremony of US President-elect Donald Trump. / AFP PHOTO / Brendan SMIALOWSKIBRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators protest against US President-elect Donald Trump before his inauguration on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO / Jewel SAMADJEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Workers set the stage at the U.S. Capitol on Inauguration Day on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will become the 45th president of the United States today. (Photo by Ricky Carioti - Pool/Getty Images)
Young members of the National Cathedral Choir wait below the Capitol dome in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017, before the swearing-in ceremony of US President-elect Donald Trump. / AFP PHOTO / Brendan SMIALOWSKIBRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators protest against US President-elect Donald Trump before his inauguration on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO / Jewel SAMADJEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: Spectaors begin to fiill the National Mall l on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
US President-elect Donald Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence take part in a wreath-laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia on January 19, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / Mandel NganMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
A choir od singers rehearse below the Capitol dome in Washington, DC, on January 20, 2017, before the swearing-in ceremony of US President-elect Donald Trump. / AFP PHOTO / Mandel NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
TOPSHOT - A military helicopter lands at the US Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States Friday -- capping his improbable journey to the White House and beginning a four-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / Rob CarrROB CARR/AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators protest against US President-elect Donald Trump before his inauguration on January 20, 2017, in Washington, DC. AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: The American flag flies on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In todays inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: American flags adorn on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on inauguration day January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In todays inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
A Palestinian protester holds a placard during a demonstration against the construction of Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank and against US President-elect Donald Trump, on January 20, 2017, near the settlement of Maale Adumim, east of Jerusalem. / AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANIABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images
Israeli police detain a Palestinian protester during a demonstration against the construction of Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank and against US President-elect Donald Trump, on January 20, 2017, near the settlement of Maale Adumim, east of Jerusalem. / AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANIABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images
A Kenyan reads a local newspaper pullout depicting American President Barack Obama and the President-elect, on January 20, 2017 in the streets of Nairobi. Donald J. Trump was elected as the President of the United States on November 8, 2016, and will take the oath of office on January 20, 2017, to formally become the 45th President of the United States. / AFP PHOTO / SIMON MAINASIMON MAINA/AFP/Getty Images
BATH, ENGLAND - JANUARY 20: A groip of protestors gather beneath a banner reading "Build bridges not walls" dropped from a window on Pulteney Bridge on January 20, 2017 in Bath, England. The banner drop in Bath is part of a series of events across the world aimed at expressing disproval at today's inauguration of Donald Trump as the 45th U.S. president. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
BATH, ENGLAND - JANUARY 20: A man stops to look at a banner reading "Build bridges not walls" that has been displayed on a bridge on North Parade on January 20, 2017 in Bath, England. The banner drop in Bath is part of a series of events across the world aimed at expressing disproval at today's inauguration of Donald Trump as the 45th U.S. president. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
Sri Lankan rights activists demonstrate outside the US Embassy in Colombo on January 20, 2017, ahead of the inauguration of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States. / AFP PHOTO / Ishara S. KODIKARAISHARA S. KODIKARA/AFP/Getty Images
Activists burn a mock US flag with President-elect Donald Trump's portrait during a rally in front of the US embassy in Manila on January 20, 2017, ahead of Trump's presidential inauguration. AFP/Getty Images
President-elect Donald Trump and his wife Melania Trump arrive at a pre-Inaugural "Make America Great Again! Welcome Celebration" at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, Thursday, Jan. 19, 2017. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
US President-elect Donald Trump and his wife Melania arrive to attend an inauguration concert at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC, on January 19, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect Donald Trump and his wife Melania arrive to attend an inauguration concert at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC, on January 19, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
Entertainer Willi Tokarev, center, an 82-year-old Russian emigre to the U.S. appears during a nightclub party entitled "Trumplissimo America!" in Moscow, Russia, on Thursday, Jan. 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before Donald Trump is to be sworn in as president of the United States, people gathered at a Moscow nightclub to celebrate his inauguration. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)
US President-elect Donald Trump and wife Melania arrive for a welcome celebration at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
Actor Jon Voight speaks during a pre-Inaugural "Make America Great Again! Welcome Celebration" at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, Thursday, Jan. 19, 2017. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)
Baracades are installed ahead of the inaugural parade of US President-elect Donald Trump, in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrived in Washington , determined to transform American politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / Robyn BECKROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images
The motorcade of US President-elect Donald Trump is parked in front of the Trump International Hotel as he attends a leadership luncheon in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrived in Washington , determined to transform American politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / Robyn BECKROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images
President-elect Donald Trump, accompanied by Vice President-elect Mike Pence pauses after placing a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns, Thursday, Jan. 19, 2017, at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Va., ahead of Friday's presidential inauguration. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
JOINT BASE ANDREWS, MD - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) US President-elect Donald J. Trump and US Vice President-elect Mike Pence participate in a wreath laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery on January 19, 2017 in Arlington, Virginia. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol, January 19, 2017 in Washington. DC. Trump will be inaugurated as the 45th U.S. President on Friday. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
JOINT BASE ANDREWS, MD - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) US President-elect Donald J. Trump and US Vice President-elect Mike Pence participate in a wreath laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery on January 19, 2017 in Arlington, Virginia. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
Family member watch as US President-elect Donald Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence take part in a wreath-laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia on January 19, 2017 / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect Donald Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence take part in a wreath-laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington,Virginia, on January 19, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect Donald Trump and wife Melania Trump step off a plane upon arrival at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland on January 19, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Members of a bomb disposal team investigate a package downtown on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Security is tight in the nation's capital on the eve of the presidential inauguration. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency as Donald Trump is sworn in as the 45th president January 20. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Members of a bomb disposal team investigate a package downtown on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Security is tight in the nation's capital on the eve of the presidential inauguration. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency as Donald Trump is sworn in as the 45th president January 20. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Lt Col Jason Fettig of the Marine band rehearses on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Donald Trump supporters drive through downtown on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency as Trump is sworn in as the 45th president January 20. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
The podium where Donald Trump will take the Oath of Office and be sworn in as the 45th US president is covered up in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Trump arrived in Washington on Thursday, determined to transform American politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / TIMOTHY A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
The United States Marine Corps Band practices in front of the podium where US President-elect Donald Trump will take the oath of office and be sworn in as the 45th US president in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Trump arrived in Washington on Thursday, determined to transform American politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / TIMOTHY A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect Donald Trump helps his wife Melania Trump off stage at a leadership luncheon at the Trump International Hotel in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Trump arrived in Washington on Thursday, determined to transform American politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) President-elect of The United States Donald J. Trump introduces First Lady-elect Melania Trump to Republican leadership the day before his swearing in January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
President-elect Donald Trump stands with his wife Melania at the Leadership Luncheon at Trump International in Washington, Thursday, Jan. 19, 2017. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: The West Front of the U.S. Capitol is prepared for inauguration day on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
A new wax figure of US President-elect Donald Trump is viewed a day after it was launched at Madame Tussauds in Washington,DC on January 19, 2017. With one day to go before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrives in Washington Thursday determined to transform US politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / TIMOTHY A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Chairs are set out on the National Mall by the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
A new wax figure of US President-elect Donald Trump is viewed a day after it was launched at Madame Tussauds in Washington,DC on January 19, 2017. With one day to go before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrives in Washington Thursday determined to transform US politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / TIMOTHY A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) President-elect of The United States Donald J. Trump speaks to Republican leadership at Trump International Hotel the day before his swearing in January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) President-elect of The United States Donald J. Trump speaks to Republican leadership at Trump International Hotel the day before his swearing in January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) President-elect of The United States Donald J. Trump speaks to Republican leadership at Trump International Hotel the day before his swearing in January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) President-elect of The United States Donald J. Trump speaks to Republican leadership at Trump International Hotel the day before his swearing in January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: (AFP OUT) President-elect of The United States Donald J. Trump speaks to Republican leadership at Trump International Hotel the day before his swearing in January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to come to the National Mall to witness Trump being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Chris Kleponis-Pool/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: A view down Pennsylvania Ave is seen from the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Members of a military band rehearses on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Members of a military band rehearses on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
Onlookers are seen in front of the Trump International Hotel as US President-elect Donald Trump arrives for a leadership luncheon in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrived in Washington on Thursday, determined to transform American politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) takes a photo on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Donald J. Trump will be sworn in tomorrow as the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 19: A vendor sells Donald Trump merchandise near the National Mall on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency as Trump is sworn is as the 45th president on January 20. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
US President-elect Donald Trump (R) and his wife Melania Trump arrive for a leadership luncheon at the Trump International Hotel in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. AFP/Getty Images
TOPSHOT - US President-elect Donald Trump's daughter Ivanka Trump, her son Theo, her husband Jared Kushner and daughter Arabella, step off a plane upon arrival at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland on January 19, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect Donald Trump (R) and his wife Melania Trump arrive for a leadership luncheon at the Trump International Hotel in Washington, DC on January 19, 2017. Twenty-four hours before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Trump arrived in Washington on Thursday, determined to transform American politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / MANDEL NGANMANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
Ivanka Trump carries her son Theodore Kushner, as they arrive at Andrews Air Force Base, Md., Thursday, Jan. 19, 2017, for her father's inauguration. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
President-elect Donald Trump, accompanied by his wife Melania, speaks at the Leadership Luncheon, Thursday, Jan. 19, 2017, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
US President-elect Donald Trump merchandise on sale outside the White House in Washington, DC, on January 19, 2017, as final preparations are underway a day ahead of the inauguration of the 45th US president.  / AFP PHOTO / Mark RALSTONMARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images
US President-elect Donald Trump merchandise on sale outside the White House in Washington, DC, on January 19, 2017, as final preparations are underway a day ahead of the inauguration of the 45th US president.  / AFP PHOTO / Mark RALSTONMARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images
Susan Reneau wears a hat with Donald Trump buttons near Constitution Avenue on January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. US President-elect Donald Trump will be sworn in January 20 as the 45th President of the United States. / AFP PHOTO / Joshua LOTTJOSHUA LOTT/AFP/Getty Images
TOPSHOT - A view of the US Capitol building before tomorrow's Inauguration on Capitol Hill January 19, 2017 in Washington, DC. With one day to go before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrives in Washington Thursday determined to transform US politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / Brendan SmialowskiBRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images
Susan Reneau poses for a portrait as she shows off her patriotic outfit near Constitution Avenue on January 19, 2017, in Washington, DC. US Presidential-elect Donald Trump will be sworn in on january 20 as the 45th President of the United States. / AFP PHOTO / Joshua LOTTJOSHUA LOTT/AFP/Getty Images
Members of US Secret Service guard a fenced out area near the White House in Washington, DC, on January 19, 2017, where final preparations are underway a day ahead the inauguration of US President-elect Donald Trump as the 45th President of the US.  / AFP PHOTO / Jewel SAMADJEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images
A new wax figure of US President-elect Donald Trump is viewed a day after it was launched at Madame Tussauds in Washington,DC on January 19, 2017. With one day to go before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrives in Washington Thursday determined to transform US politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / TIMOTHY A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
A new wax figure of US President-elect Donald Trump is viewed a day after it was launched at Madame Tussauds in Washington,DC on January 19, 2017. With one day to go before he takes the oath of office as the 45th US president, Donald Trump arrives in Washington Thursday determined to transform US politics over the next four years. / AFP PHOTO / TIMOTHY A. CLARYTIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images

'Historic day'

Spectators were queueing from the early hours to pass through security checkpoints to take their places to see Mr Trump sworn in as the 45th president of the United States.

He will deliver a speech to hundreds of thousands of people gathered in the city, while millions more watch around the globe.

Thousands of protesters are also expected and a huge security operation is under way. Protesters clashed with police at a pro-Trump rally in the US capital on Thursday night.

Activists burn a mock US flag with President-elect Donald Trump's portrait during a rally in front of the US embassy in Manila on January 20, 2017, ahead of Trump's presidential inauguration. AFP/Getty Images
Activists burn a mock US flag with President-elect Donald Trump's portrait during a rally in front of the US embassy in Manila on January 20, 2017, ahead of Trump's presidential inauguration. AFP/Getty Images

The president-elect swept into the city on a military jet on Thursday as he kicked off three days of inaugural festivities.

He saluted the US Air Force officer who welcomed him as he stepped off the jet with wife Melania at Joint Base Andrews, just outside Washington.

His first stop was a luncheon in a ballroom at his own hotel, where he gave a mention to Republican congressional leaders, declaring: "I just want to let the world know we're doing very well together."

Vice president-elect Mike Pence, in a tweet, called Inauguration Eve "a momentous day before a historic day".

"We are all ready to go to work," Mr Pence said at a news conference. "In fact, we can't wait to get to work for the American people to make it great again."

Outgoing Homeland Security secretary Jeh Johnson said he would be putting on his "favourite DHS jacket" and taking to the streets to inspect security preparations for the inaugural festivities.

He said areas where crowds will congregate will be "extra fortified this year with dump trucks, heavily armoured vehicles to prevent anybody who's not authorised from being in the area from driving something in there".

He said there was "no specific credible threat" related to the inauguration.

Mr Trump's public schedule for the celebration started with an afternoon wreath-laying at Arlington National Cemetery, followed by a welcome concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial ending with fireworks.

The two-hour concert, open to the public, featured country star Toby Keith, soul's Sam Moore, actor Jon Voight and The Piano Guys.

Jennifer Holliday, originally announced as one of the headliners, backed out after an outcry from Trump critics.


Party time in Moscow?

Russian officials and legislators have hailed Donald Trump's inauguration, while revellers in Moscow and elsewhere gathered for celebrations as bar and club owners sought to cash in on public excitement.

Mr Trump's promises to fix ravaged relations with Moscow have elated Russia's political elite amid spiralling tensions with Washington over the Ukrainian crisis, the war in Syria and allegations of Russian meddling in the US election.

Russian prime minister Dmitry Medvedev said that while Mr Trump's policy towards Russia is unclear, "we are hoping that reason will prevail".

"We are ready to do our share of the work in order to improve the relationship," he said on Facebook.

Mr Trump's praise for Russian President Vladimir Putin has raised expectations that he could move to normalise ties, even though he has not articulated a clear Russia policy and some of his cabinet nominees have made hawkish statements on Moscow.

Dmitri Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Centre, predicted that Russia will have a pragmatic but tough partner in Mr Trump.

"Russia's potential is incomparable to that of the United States," he said, adding that Moscow will have to apply a lot of skills "to play from the position of weakness and not lose".

Despite the uncertainty, many Russians looked at Mr Trump's presidency with high hopes, and some nightclubs and bars called parties to celebrate the inauguration.

At one Moscow nightclub, several dozen people began toasting Mr Trump late on Thursday.

Willi Tokarev, 82, a singer who emigrated to the US in the mid-1970s and later became a major music star in Russia, topped the entertainment bill with his song Trumplissimo America!

"Trump, Trump - symbol of America. Trump, Trump, he's really president," the mustachioed Tokarev sang on a tiny stage with Russian and American flags hanging behind him.

Across from the US embassy compound in central Moscow, the Russian Army store put up a poster with Mr Trump's picture, offering inauguration day discounts of 10% for Americans.

There is a broad feeling in Russia's political and business elites that relations with Washington cannot get any worse.

"Russia hopes that under Trump there will be no ideology, no attempts to lecture about democracy, human rights and rights of smaller nations around its borders ... but primarily deal with economic issues in a businesslike way and even tacitly divide spheres of influence," said Alexei Arbatov, a senior researcher with the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, a government-funded Moscow think tank.

"Putin and (Barack) Obama spoke different languages, they didn't understand one another. There is a hope that Trump and Putin will speak the same language, even though their positions may differ."

Leonid Slutsky, the head of the foreign affairs committee in the lower house of parliament, said: "Constructive approach and pragmatism have practically disappeared from the Russia-US agenda during Obama's presidency."

Mr Medvedev, who served as president in 2008-12 when Mr Putin had to shift into the premier's seat due to term limits, presided over a period of warmer ties during Mr Obama's first term. He sharply criticised the outgoing administration for ruining relations with Moscow by attempting to treat Russia like a "banana republic" and relying on "brute force and sheer pressure" in its dealings with Moscow.

"Conclusion: The Obama administration has destroyed relations between the United States and Russia, which are at their lowest point in decades," Mr Medvedev said.

He denounced the sanctions the US and its allies imposed on Russia over its action in Ukraine, saying they "have reduced our co-operation to zero".

"It doesn't get any dumber than restricting entry to the United States for the leadership of the Russian parliament, ministers, and businessmen, thus deliberately reducing the possibility of full-fledged contacts and closing the window to co-operation," he said.

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