Rescue workers dug through sludge and debris Monday looking for dozens of people who may be trapped after a a torrent of mud, trees and rocks ripped with a roar through a Japanese seaside resort town, killing at least four people.
Eighty people are still unaccounted for in Atami, south-west of Tokyo, according to disaster management chiefs in Shizuoka prefecture.
Officials are preparing to release their names in hopes of reaching some who might not have been caught in the landslide.
Initially, 147 of those people were unreachable, but that number was revised down after city officials confirmed some had safely evacuated or were away when the disaster struck.
The disaster is an added trial as authorities prepare for the Tokyo Olympics, due to start in less than three weeks, while Japan is still in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic.
At least 20 people were initially described as missing. Adding to confusion over casualties is the fact that the city of Atami is a holiday destination, with many apartments and homes unoccupied for long parts of the year, with their listed residents living in other places.
Others may be away visiting relatives or friends or not answering the phone, officials said. They hope to get in touch with more of those unaccounted for on Monday.
The landslide occurred on Saturday after several days of heavy rains.
Witnesses heard a giant roar as a small stream turned into a torrent, carrying black mud, trees, rocks and debris from buildings.
Bystanders were heard gasping in horror on mobile phone videos taken as it happened.
Like many seaside and mountain towns in Japan, Atami is built on steep hillsides, its roads winding through areas of forest and heavy vegetation.
With other parts of Japan expecting heavy rains in what is known as Japan’s rainy season, authorities elsewhere are also surveying hillsides.
Three coast guard ships, and six military drones were backing up the hundreds of troops, firefighters and other rescue workers toiling in the rain and fog in search of possible survivors.
The mudslide struck Atami’s Izusan area, known for its hot springs, a shrine and shopping areas. Atami is about 60 miles south-west of Tokyo.
Naoto Date, an actor who happened to be visiting the Izusan area after a filming session, woke up to sirens in the area when he was in his house, which is next to his mother’s.
Both of them were safe, but he made sure his mother walked to a nearby community centre to evacuate, and he called all his friends and schoolmates and made sure they had survived.
“I grew up here and my classmates and friends live here. I’m so sad to see my neighbourhood where I used to play with my friends is now destroyed,” Mr Date told The Associated Press in a video interview from his home in Atami.
So far, Mr Date said his friends all had safely evacuated, and his mother moved to a hotel in a safer location. Mr Date, who lives in Tokyo, said he was staying away from evacuation centres due to concern about the coronavirus.
Even though his house was located in a hazard area, he said he never imagined it would be hit by a disaster.
“I used to take it not so seriously and I regret that,” he said.
He filmed scenes in his area with muddy water gushing down and rescuers wading through knee-deep mud.
He also went to the sea where toppled cars were floating with debris from destroyed homes. “Many people saw their homes and belongings and everything washed away. They won’t be able to return home, and it must require an unimaginable effort to recover.”
Three people had been found dead as of early Monday, Fire and Disaster Management Agency and local officials said. Twenty-three people stranded by the mudslide were rescued, including three who were injured.
Shizuoka’s governor, Heita Kawakatsu told a news conference on Sunday that land development upstream may have been a factor in the mudslide.
Citing a preliminary examination by drone, Mr Kawakatsu said massive amounts of soil that had been heaped up in the construction area had all washed down.
Mr Kawakatsu said he will investigate the land development. Media reports said a planned housing development was abandoned after its operator ran into financial problems.