Eastern Ukrainians criticise Kiev
Politicians from eastern Ukraine criticised the fledging central government, accusing it of ignoring legitimate grievances of the regions which have been overrun by pro-Russia militia fighting for independence.
One eastern leader said last weekend's unofficial referendum in favour of independence "expressed the will of the people".
The criticism came in the second round of European-brokered talks intended to resolve the country's worst crisis since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Ukraine's caretaker government came to power in February following the ousting of Kremlin-friendly President Viktor Yanukovych after months of protests in Kiev.
Moscow and many in Ukraine's east have accused the new government of intending to trample the rights of eastern Ukraine's Russian-speakers.
Yesterday, politicians from the east implored the government to believe that - apart from the pro-Russia gunmen - a large sector of the population had lost hope in the interim administration in Kiev.
The second round of talks followed hours after sustained gunfire heard throughout the night near the eastern city of Slovyansk, the stronghold of pro-Russia fighters, after forces loyal to the Kiev government moved in to protect a television tower.
Separatists in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions held hastily arranged polls last weekend and declared independence following the vote, which went in favour of sovereignty.
The round-table talks in the eastern city of Kharkiv did not feature any of the insurgents, whom Kiev describes as terrorists.
The insurgents say they are willing to discuss only the withdrawal of Ukrainian troops and the recognition of the independence of the regions.
"The referendum doesn't have any legal consequences," said Valery Holenko, chairman of the Luhansk regional government.
"But it has expressed the will of the people, which cannot be discounted. People genuinely went en masse to the referendum. This was a protest vote."
He said the devolution of powers the government is offering was no longer enough and that as a first step in appeasing eastern Ukrainians the government has to stop its "anti-terrorist operation" in the east.
Acting Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, who was often busy with his iPad while some of the eastern politicians were making passionate speeches, called on the eastern leaders to resist the armed men and support the government's efforts to devolve powers to the regions.
"You have got in your home, in Luhansk and Donetsk, armed terrorists who are funded by Russians and those who fled Ukraine and want to seize our land," he told the gathering.
"We're not going talk to robbers and terrorists. They will not be telling the Ukrainian people how to live in our country."
Mr Yatsenyuk urged the eastern leaders to disarm the insurgents, "regain the power and start a political dialogue".
Reacting to the fighting overnight near Slovyansk, the Russian foreign ministry condemned what it described as a sharp escalation of violence in eastern Ukraine, and accused Kiev of using the talks as cover for military operations against its citizens.
The ministry said some people were wounded, but gave no specifics.
Debris from the shooting was visible yesterday morning, including a badly damaged train and craters caused by mortar bombs or other heavy artillery.
Government forces in recent weeks have achieved only limited results in quashing the self-styled Donetsk and Luhansk "people's republics," which declared independence for their regions following the contentious votes on independence.
Polls have shown, however, that a majority of eastern Ukrainians support a united country, although most are too fearful of the armed separatists to say so publicly.
As on Wednesday, yesterday;s talks included officials, politicians, business people and religious leaders from across the country, but no representatives of the separatists from Donetsk and Luhansk.
Russia has pushed for the federalisation of Ukraine, since that would allow Moscow to retain influence over areas in Ukraine dominated by Russian-speakers.
Many in western Ukraine and in the capital want closer ties to Europe and fear being pulled back into Moscow's orbit.
US State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki rejected the "illegal actions" of un-elected pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine who want the region to become part of Russia.
But she said the US supports the efforts by "elected and legitimate representatives" meeting in Kharkiv "to discuss constitutional and non-violent approaches to resolving their differences".
The next round of talks is expected on Wednesday in the central city of Cherkasy.