Egypt satirist 'defamed military'
Egypt's top prosecutor has received complaints against a popular television satirist less than 24 hours after he returned to the air, as the private TV station sought to distance itself from his programme's contents.
The complaints and the reaction of the CBC station highlight the low tolerance of the deeply-divided country for criticism of the military and its leaders.
Bassem Youssef, often compared to US comedian Jon Stewart, the host of Comedy Central's satirical The Daily Show, mocked the new pro-military fervour gripping Egypt in his programme shown on Friday night.
Youssef also took swipes at the country's powerful military chief, General Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, lionised in the Egyptian media as a hero after leading a July 3 coup that ousted the country's elected Islamist president following massive protests.
By yesterday, at least four complaints had been filed with the country's top prosecutor, accusing Youssef of defaming the military in his show, a judicial official said. One of the complaints accused Youssef of using phrases that "undermine the honour and dignity of Egypt and its people" in a manner sowing sedition and spreading lies.
The official said no investigation into the complaints had started yet. Such complaints, common under Egyptian law, are often shelved until prosecutors decide to start a probe.
In a prime-time Saturday night statement by CBC's board of directors, the station sought to distance itself from the views expressed by Youssef on his show, El-Bernameg, (The Programme). The statement, read by a broadcaster, appeared to be a reaction to negative feedback from viewers and possibly officials.
The statement noted that the public's reaction to Youssef's Friday night show was "largely disapproving".
"CBC will continue to be supportive of the basics of national sentiment and popular will, and is keen on not using phrases and innuendos that may lead to mocking national sentiment or symbols of the Egyptian state," the station said.
The station added that it was also committed to freedom of the media.
During Friday's show, Youssef imitated Gen el-Sissi's soft-spoken, affectionate way of addressing the public, turning it into a lover's romantic groove. In one skit, a woman named "the Public" calls into a love advice show raving about the love of her life who saved her from an abusive husband.
"He's an officer as big as the world," she coos adoringly, making a pun on a slogan Gen el-Sissi uses in nearly every speech: "Egypt will be big enough to face down the world." Then she adds: "He does have a sovereign streak."
One complainant, well-known politician Ahmed el-Fadaly, referred to the skit of the adoring woman, accusing Youssef of portraying Egypt as a "dallying woman who betrays her husband with military men".
Mr El-Fadaly, who heads an association of young Muslims, also accused the satirist of belittling the armed forces' efforts to deal with terrorism and of misrepresenting the popular protests against President Mohammed Morsi as a coup, according to a copy of the complaint obtained by The Associated Press.
Another complainant, a group called The Campaign for el-Sissi for President, said Youssef had defamed the military and its leadership through sexual innuendos, according to the Youm7 news website.
Youssef used satire to criticise Mr Morsi during his one year in office. Morsi supporters also sued Youssef for insulting the presidency and Islam, leading to his brief detention.
Before returning to the air after four months of absence, Youssef predicted in an article he wrote that he would continue to be pursued legally by his new critics "who allegedly love freedom dearly - when it works in their favour".
Since Mr Morsi's removal, hundreds have been killed in crackdowns on protesters demanding his reinstatement. Attacks by Islamic extremists against security forces and Christians have increased and a nationalist fervour gripping the country has elevated the military to an untouchable status, leaving little tolerance among the public or officials for criticism.
But for now, Youssef appears undeterred. After Friday's show he took to Twitter to remind the public that the show just began "It is only an episode in a programme, people".