Facebook toughens rules on gun sales
Facebook is cracking down on online gun sales with a new policy barring private individuals from advertising or selling firearms on the world's largest social network.
The new policy also applies to Facebook's photo-sharing service Instagram.
Gun control groups have long complained that Facebook and other online sites are frequently used by unlicensed sellers and buyers not legally eligible to buy firearms.
Facebook "was unfortunately and unwittingly serving as an online platform for dangerous people to get guns", said Shannon Watts of Everytown for Gun Safety, a group that launched a public campaign to convince the social network to change its policies two years ago.
Ms Watts said her group found numerous cases of criminals and minors who were able to buy guns on the site, including two cases in which the buyers used the guns to kill others.
Facebook had announced some restrictions on gun sales and advertising in 2014, saying it would block minors from seeing posts that advertised guns. But the social network did not ban private sales at that time.
Licensed firearms retailers can still promote their businesses on Facebook, but are not allowed to accept orders or make sales on the site.
A Facebook spokeswoman said the new policy arose from the company's review of its rules following its recent efforts to encourage new forms of commerce on the site.
Facebook expanded its digital payments service last summer, allowing users of its Messenger service to send electronic payments to other individual users.
"Over the last two years, more and more people have been using Facebook to discover products and to buy and sell things to one another," Monika Bickert, who oversees Facebook product policies, said.
"We are continuing to develop, test, and launch new products to make this experience even better for people and are updating our regulated goods policies to reflect this evolution."
Ms Watts however, said her group had urged Facebook to take stiffer measures, during a series of low-key contacts.
"They were very, very open to our thoughts on policy and to the research we have been compiling," she said. "I think they definitely saw this was an issue, but an incredibly complicated issue. I think that's why it's taken two years."
Facebook, based in Menlo Park, California, cited the need to balance free expression with public safety when it announced the 2014 policy change in a blog post.
At the time, some gun-control advocates complained Facebook did not go further, while news reports quoted a spokesman for the National Rifle Association who declared victory over what he called a campaign to stifle constitutionally-protected speech.
Everytown for Gun Safety was formed by the merger of Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America, a group started by Ms Watts, and another group founded by former New York mayor Michael Bloomberg.
The Brady Campaign and Centre to Prevent Gun Violence group praised Facebook's move.
"It is simply too easy for virtually anyone to buy any gun they want online without a Brady background check," said the group's president Dan Gross.
"Facebook just took an important step in addressing that challenge and we call on others to follow suit."