Fall in child marriages in South Asia ‘leading global decline’
Unicef said more educational opportunities and strong advocacy about the illegality of the practice saw 25m fewer child marriages in the last decade.
A significant fall in child marriages in South Asia has reduced the rate of marriage for girls globally, the UN children’s agency has said.
More educational opportunities for young girls, government investments in adolescent girls and strong advocacy about the illegality of child marriage saw 25 million fewer child marriages in the last decade.
Unicef said progress in India helped reduced the risk of a girl in South Asia marrying before her 18th birthday to about 30% from nearly 50%.
Some 650 million women living today were married as children.
Each and every child marriage prevented gives another girl the chance to fulfil her potential Anju Malhotra
A girl forced to marry young is less likely to finish school and more likely to be abused and suffer pregnancy complications, said Anju Malhotra, Unicef’s principal gender adviser. Such marriages also are more likely to perpetuate poverty.
In India the legal age for marriage is 18 for women and 21 for men. Parents responsible for under-age marriages can be imprisoned and government programmes aim to encourage girls to stay in school, but the practice persists in a largely conservative culture where marriage is viewed as the most important event in a girl’s life.
The global burden of child marriage has shifted to sub-Saharan Africa. According to Unicef data, about one in three of the world’s most recently married girls are in sub-Saharan Africa, compared with one in five a decade ago.
“Each and every child marriage prevented gives another girl the chance to fulfil her potential,” said Ms Malhotra.
“But given the world has pledged to end child marriage by 2030, we’re going to have to collectively redouble efforts to prevent millions of girls from having their childhoods stolen through this devastating practice.”