Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy is going on trial on charges of corruption and influence peddling, a first for the 65-year-old politician who has faced several other judicial investigations since leaving office in 2012.
Sarkozy is accused of trying to illegally obtain information from a magistrate about an investigation involving him in 2014.
He stands trial in Paris along with his lawyer Thierry Herzog, 65, and the magistrate, Gilbert Azibert, 73.
They face a prison sentence of up to 10 years and a maximum fine of one million euro (£900,000). They deny any wrongdoing.
Sarkozy and Herzog are suspected of promising Azibert a job in Monaco in exchange for leaking information about an investigation into suspected illegal financing of the 2007 presidential campaign by France’s richest woman, L’Oreal heiress Liliane Bettencourt.
Sarkozy arrived at the court surrounded by his lawyers and bodyguards, in the presence of dozens of journalists.
The Paris court has been placed under high security as hearings in the case, scheduled until December 10, are taking place at the same time as another key trial — that of the 2015 attacks at the Charlie Hebdo offices and a kosher supermarket.
Sarkozy’s trial started on Monday afternoon in the absence of Azibert. His lawyer told news broadcaster BFM TV that he will request a trial postponement, arguing his client’s bad health makes it risky for him to travel and appear in court amid the coronavirus pandemic.
In 2014, Sarkozy and Herzog used secret mobile phones – registered under the alias “Paul Bismuth” – in order to have private talks, as they feared their conversations were being tapped.
Sarkozy and Herzog explained that they bought the phones to avoid being targeted by illegal phone tapping. Investigative judges, however, suspect they actually wanted to avoid being tapped by investigators.
Judges have found that discussions between Sarkozy and his lawyer suggested they had knowledge that judicial investigators at the time tapped their conversations on their official phones, as they mentioned “judges listening”.
Sarkozy argued that he had never intervened to help Azibert, who never got the job and retired in 2014.
Investigative judges consider that as soon as a deal has been offered, it constitutes a criminal offence even if the promises have not been fulfilled.
Legal proceedings against Sarkozy have been dropped in the Bettencourt case.
Sarkozy has claimed judicial harassment, accusing judges of breaching lawyer-client privilege via wire-tapping.
“I don’t want things that I didn’t do to be held against me. The French need to know… that I’m not a rotten person,” he told news broadcaster BFM earlier this month.
He said he was facing the trial in a “combative” mood.
Sarkozy’s predecessor, Jacques Chirac, was found guilty in 2011 of misuse of public money, breach of trust and conflict of interest and given a two-year suspended prison sentence for actions during his time as Paris mayor, before he was president from 1995 to 2007.
Sarkozy’s name has appeared for years in several other judicial investigations.
Allegations, which include illegal financing of his 2007 campaign by then-Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, cast a shadow over Sarkozy’s comeback attempt for the 2017 presidential election.
After failing to be chosen as a candidate by his conservative party, he withdrew from active politics.
Sarkozy remains the most popular figure amid French right-wing voters in recent years. His memoirs published this summer, The Time Of Storms, was a bestseller for weeks.
He was handed preliminary charges including “illegal campaign financing” in the Libyan investigation, which has been under way since 2013 — and prompted the wire-tapping of his phones.
Earlier this month, French-Lebanese businessman Ziad Takieddine retracted his previous statements that he delivered suitcases from Libya containing five million euro (£4.4 million) in cash to Sarkozy and his former chief of staff, Claude Gueant.
Instead, he told news broadcaster BFM and magazine Paris-Match that there was “no Libyan financing”.
Sarkozy said that the truth “finally comes out”.
Meanwhile, the former president will stand another trial in spring 2021 along with 13 other people on charges of illegal financing of his 2012 presidential campaign.
His conservative party and a company named Bygmalion are accused of using a special invoice system to conceal unauthorised overspending.
They are suspected of having spent 42.8 million euro (£38 million), almost twice the maximum amount authorised, to finance the campaign, which ended up in victory for Sarkozy’s Socialist rival Francois Hollande.