Iraq has signed a multibillion-pound deal with Royal Dutch Shell and Japan's Mitsubishi Corporation to tap natural gas in the south, one of the biggest agreements by the Opec member to develop an energy sector battered by years of neglect and war.
The 17 billion dollar (£11bn) deal forms a joint venture to gather, process and market gas from three oil fields in the oil-rich province of Basra. That gas, pumped in conjunction with crude oil, is currently burned off - or flared - due to lack of infrastructure.
The 25-year joint venture is called Basra Gas Company. Iraq will hold a 51% stake, to Royal Dutch Shell's 44% and Mitsubishi's 5% shares. The gas will be used mainly for domestic energy needs, but there is also an option for exports.
Iraq's oil minister Abdul-Karim Elaibi hailed the signing as a "historic turn in Iraq's oil industry."
Shell CEO Peter Voser said Iraq is now a "...substantial part of Royal Dutch Shell's portfolio in the Middle East".
For Iraq, the deal is a key part of its strategy to alleviate power generation woes. Despite billions of dollars spent since the 1990s to rebuild Iraq's dilapidated electrical grid, Iraqis still suffer chronic power outages that have led to sometimes violent protests.
The deal is Shell's third in Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion, and it will bolster the company's presence in a country which sits atop 143.1 billion barrels of crude oil and 126.7 trillion cubic feet of gas reserves.
A memorandum of understanding on the Shell gas deal was signed in September 2008, but the venture has been bogged down ever since. Some lawmakers argued that the deal should have been approved by parliament and officials in Basra wanted more benefits for their province.
Iraq burns off almost half of the 1.5 billion cubic feet per day of gas that it produces. The deal will help the country capture more than 700 million cubic feet per day of gas from three fields.
They are the 17.8 billion-barrel Rumaila field being developed by a BP-CNPC consortium, the 4.1 billion barrel Zubair field, handled by an Eni-led consortium and partners Occidental Petroleum Corp. and KOGAS, as well as the 8.6 billion barrel West Qurna Stage 1, which is being developed by ExxonMobil-Shell consortium.