Multiple explosions have rocked Baghdad, killing at least 32 people and sending plumes of smoke into the sky across the street from a major government building in a brazen reminder of the ability of insurgents to penetrate the heart of the capital.
The attacks come as al Qaida-led militants are battling for control of mainly Sunni areas to the west in the first test of the Shiite-led government to maintain security in the country more than two years after the withdrawal of US troops.
The deadliest of Wednesday's attacks took place across the street from the high-rise building housing the foreign ministry, shattering the windows of nearby apartment buildings. Two parked car bombs went off simultaneously in different car parks, killing at least 12 people, including three policemen, and wounding 22, a police officer said.
Shortly afterwards, a suicide bomber blew himself up in a nearby falafel restaurant frequented by officials or visitors waiting for security escorts to take them inside the Green Zone, a walled-off area that houses the prime minister's office and the US and other foreign embassies.
Five people were killed and 12 wounded in that attack, the officer said.
All the roads leading to the blast sites were sealed off by police as workers cleared debris and washed away bloodstains from the pavements.
Another parked car bomb exploded in Khilani Square, a busy commercial area in central Baghdad, killing five people and wounding 11, another police officer said. Security forces sealed off the area as firefighters struggled to put out the blaze ignited by the bombing. Smoke billowed from several stores and stalls as vendors hurriedly stuffed their goods into big bags and carried them away on their backs.
Shortly before sunset, a triple car bombing struck an outdoor market in the mainly Shiite suburb of Jisr Diyala in south-eastern Baghdad, killing nine people and wounding 24. Minutes later, a rocket landed near the western gate of the green zone, killing one passer-by and wounding seven others, police said.
Medical officials confirmed the casualty figures.
Nobody claimed responsibility for the attacks, but car bombings and suicide attacks targeting government buildings, security forces and Shiites are typically carried out by al Qaida's affiliate in Iraq. In August 2009, the group claimed responsibility for massive suicide attacks on the foreign ministry as well as the finance ministry that killed more than 100 people.
The network now known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has been emboldened by the successes of its fellow militants in the civil war next door in Syria and by widespread Sunni anger at the government in Baghdad.
Iraqi interior ministry spokesman Saad Maan Ibrahim said the recent attacks in Baghdad represent "a futile reaction by the terrorist groups towards the defeats they are suffering at the hands of the security forces in the western Anbar province".
Since late December, al Qaida-led militants have taken over parts of the Anbar provincial capital of Ramadi and the centre of nearby Fallujah, prompting a stand-off with government soldiers.
More than 200 militants have been killed in airstrikes and clashes with soldiers since the government and allied tribes launched an offensive to wrest control of the cities in Anbar province on January 26, according to the Iraqi defence ministry.