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Oil wrestling festival returns in north-west Turkey

The zurna flute and beating drums again greeted thousands of fans who returned for a 600-year-old oil wrestling championship.

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Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, compete during the 660th instalment of the annual Historic Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling championship, in Edirne, north-western Turkey (Emrah Gurel/AP)

Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, compete during the 660th instalment of the annual Historic Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling championship, in Edirne, north-western Turkey (Emrah Gurel/AP)

Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, compete during the 660th instalment of the annual Historic Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling championship, in Edirne, north-western Turkey (Emrah Gurel/AP)

After a year-long, pandemic-induced hiatus, the sounds of the zurna flute and beating drums again greeted thousands of Turkish wrestling fans who returned to the north-west of the country for a 600-year-old oil wrestling championship.

Last year’s contest was cancelled because of the coronavirus pandemic, but spectators headed in droves to Edirne province on the Greek border over the weekend to watch a sport that dates to the 14th century.

Over three days, competitors clad in leather trousers known as “kispet” and liberally doused in olive oil struggled to earn the title of Baspehlivani, or chief wrestler: the sport’s equivalent of world champion.

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An ‘oiler’, someone charged with oiling up wrestlers and filling up oil pitchers, douses wrestlers in olive oil (Emrah Gurel/AP)

An ‘oiler’, someone charged with oiling up wrestlers and filling up oil pitchers, douses wrestlers in olive oil (Emrah Gurel/AP)

AP/PA Images

An ‘oiler’, someone charged with oiling up wrestlers and filling up oil pitchers, douses wrestlers in olive oil (Emrah Gurel/AP)

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Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, are introduced to the crowds (Emrah Gurel/AP)

Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, are introduced to the crowds (Emrah Gurel/AP)

AP/PA Images

Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, are introduced to the crowds (Emrah Gurel/AP)

This year’s tournament, the 660th to be held, saw Ali Gurbuz from the Mediterranean province of Antalya retain his title after a 48-minute bout with Ankara’s Ismail Koc on the grassy square.

The triumphant fighter was held aloft on fans’ shoulders for the crowds to acknowledge his achievement as the zurna flute and drums played on. It was Mr Gurbuz’s fourth “golden belt” following victories in 2011, 2012 and 2019.

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“I am so happy,” said Mr Gurbuz after his win. “There was no wrestling in 2020 due to the pandemic. I became the chief wrestler in 2021. I hope to be the chief wrestler next year and be the eternal owner of the golden belt.”

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Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, compete (Emrah Gurel/AP)

Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, compete (Emrah Gurel/AP)

AP/PA Images

Wrestlers, doused in olive oil, compete (Emrah Gurel/AP)

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An exhausted wrestler tries to cool off (Emrah Gurel/AP)

An exhausted wrestler tries to cool off (Emrah Gurel/AP)

AP/PA Images

An exhausted wrestler tries to cool off (Emrah Gurel/AP)

Around 3,000 wrestlers had taken part in this year’s tournament on a field in Edirne’s Sarayici.

Edirne mayor Recep Gurkan said championship organisers adhered to all health guidelines and restrictions to keep fans and wrestlers as safe from the spread of Covid-19 as possible.

“Of course, oil wrestling has its own disciplines, traditions, customs and traditions,” Mr Gurkan said. “By God’s (will), we will finish the 660th Kirkpinar oil wrestling on this day and perform all the rituals one by one, without skipping any.”

Event master Seyfettin Selim said the one-year hiatus for wrestlers affected the fitness levels, but the tournament has helped bring them back into shape.

“These wrestlers didn’t wrestle for a year and we saw them here, some fainted, some lost their breath,” said Mr Selim. “This year we closed the gap. Hopefully it will be better next year.”

The festival, one of the world’s oldest wrestling events, was listed as an intangible cultural heritage event by Unesco in 2010.

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Wrestler Ali Gurbuz, center, celebrates after winning the final to gain the sport’s golden belt (Emrah Gurel/AP)

Wrestler Ali Gurbuz, center, celebrates after winning the final to gain the sport’s golden belt (Emrah Gurel/AP)

AP/PA Images

Wrestler Ali Gurbuz, center, celebrates after winning the final to gain the sport’s golden belt (Emrah Gurel/AP)

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Wrestler Ali Gurbuz, second left, poses for pictures with other top athletes (Emrah Gurel/AP)

Wrestler Ali Gurbuz, second left, poses for pictures with other top athletes (Emrah Gurel/AP)

AP/PA Images

Wrestler Ali Gurbuz, second left, poses for pictures with other top athletes (Emrah Gurel/AP)


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