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Paris attacks: Emergency meeting after Charlie Hebdo massacre

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A helicopter flies over the building where the suspects in the Charlie Hebdo massacre were holed up (AP)

A helicopter flies over the building where the suspects in the Charlie Hebdo massacre were holed up (AP)

A helicopter flies over the building where the suspects in the Charlie Hebdo massacre were holed up (AP)

Key members of the French government will meet today to decide on new measures aimed at thwarting a repeat of the attacks in Paris that culminated in a massacre of 12 people at a satirical newspaper, and a supermarket bloodbath that left four hostages dead.

World leaders have telephoned President Francois Hollande to express their personal sympathies. Germany's Angela Merkel, Britain's David Cameron as well as Italy's Matteo Renzi, and Spain's Mariano Rajoy have agreed to join in a unity rally in central Paris, to take place tomorrow.

With explosions and gunfire, security forces Friday ended the three days of terror, killing the two al-Qaeda-linked brothers who staged a murderous rampage at the Charlie Hebdo newspaper and an accomplice who seized hostages at a kosher supermarket to try to help the brothers escape.

Twenty people are dead, including the three gunmen. A fourth suspect, Hayat Boumeddiene — the common law wife of the market attacker — is still at large and believed to be armed.

Al-Qaida's branch in Yemen said it directed the attack against the publication Charlie Hebdo to avenge the honor of the Prophet Muhammad, a frequent target of the weekly's satire.

The brothers were not unknown to authorities: One had a terrorism-related conviction for ties to a network sending fighters to battle American forces in Iraq, and both were on the US no-fly list, according to a US official.

Hollande urged his nation to remain united and vigilant, and the city shut down a central Jewish neighborhood following fears of more violence.

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"The threats facing France are not finished," Hollande said. "We are a free people who don't cave to pressure."

A member of the al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula gave a statement in English to The Associated Press saying the group's leadership "directed the operations and they have chosen their target carefully."

The attack was in line with warnings from the late al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden to the West about "the consequences of the persistence in the blasphemy against Muslim sanctities," the member said, speaking on condition of anonymity because the group's regulations do not permit him to give his name.

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Security officers escort released hostages after they stormed a kosher market to end a hostage situation, Paris, Friday, Jan. 9, 2015. Explosions and gunshots were heard as police forces stormed a kosher grocery in Paris where a gunman was holding at least five people hostage. (AP Photo/Michel Euler)

Security officers escort released hostages after they stormed a kosher market to end a hostage situation, Paris, Friday, Jan. 9, 2015. Explosions and gunshots were heard as police forces stormed a kosher grocery in Paris where a gunman was holding at least five people hostage. (AP Photo/Michel Euler)

AP

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 09:  People are led away from the scene as Police mobilize with reports of a hostage situation at Port de Vincennes on January 9, 2015 in Paris, France. According to reports at least five people have been taken hostage in a kosher deli in the Port de Vincennes area of Paris. A huge manhunt for the two suspected gunmen in Wednesday's deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine has entered its third day.  (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 09: People are led away from the scene as Police mobilize with reports of a hostage situation at Port de Vincennes on January 9, 2015 in Paris, France. According to reports at least five people have been taken hostage in a kosher deli in the Port de Vincennes area of Paris. A huge manhunt for the two suspected gunmen in Wednesday's deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine has entered its third day. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 09:  Police are mobilized with reports of a hostage situation at Port de Vincennes on January 9, 2015 in Paris, France. According to reports at least five people have been taken hostage in a kosher deli in the Port de Vincennes area of Paris. A huge manhunt for the two suspected gunmen in Wednesday's deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine has entered its third day.  (Photo by Aurelien Meunier/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 09: Police are mobilized with reports of a hostage situation at Port de Vincennes on January 9, 2015 in Paris, France. According to reports at least five people have been taken hostage in a kosher deli in the Port de Vincennes area of Paris. A huge manhunt for the two suspected gunmen in Wednesday's deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine has entered its third day. (Photo by Aurelien Meunier/Getty Images)

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Police officers stop a car at a check point on January 9, 2015 outside Longpont, France. A huge manhunt for the two suspected gunmen in Wednesday's deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine has entered its third day.  (Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

Police officers stop a car at a check point on January 9, 2015 outside Longpont, France. A huge manhunt for the two suspected gunmen in Wednesday's deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine has entered its third day. (Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

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Ambulances arrive in Dammartin-en-Goele, northeast Paris, as part of an operation to seize two heavily armed suspects, Friday, Jan. 9, 2015. French security forces swarmed a small industrial town northeast of Paris Friday in an operation to capture a pair of heavily armed suspects in the deadly storming of a satirical newspaper. Shots were fired as the brothers stole a car in the early morning hours, said a French security official, who could not immediately confirm reports of hostages taken or deaths later in the day in the town of Dammartin-en-Goele, about 40 kilometers (25 miles) northeast of Paris. (AP Photo/Michel Spingler)

Ambulances arrive in Dammartin-en-Goele, northeast Paris, as part of an operation to seize two heavily armed suspects, Friday, Jan. 9, 2015. French security forces swarmed a small industrial town northeast of Paris Friday in an operation to capture a pair of heavily armed suspects in the deadly storming of a satirical newspaper. Shots were fired as the brothers stole a car in the early morning hours, said a French security official, who could not immediately confirm reports of hostages taken or deaths later in the day in the town of Dammartin-en-Goele, about 40 kilometers (25 miles) northeast of Paris. (AP Photo/Michel Spingler)

AP

Ambulances gather in the street outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)

Ambulances gather in the street outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 08:   People lay flowers and candles at the Place de la Republique at midday in solidarity with victims of yesterday's terrorist attack on January 8, 2015 in Paris, France.  Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo on January 7.  (Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 08: People lay flowers and candles at the Place de la Republique at midday in solidarity with victims of yesterday's terrorist attack on January 8, 2015 in Paris, France. Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo on January 7. (Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

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An injured person is transported to an ambulance after a shooting, at the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

An injured person is transported to an ambulance after a shooting, at the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

AP

Mourners hold signs depicting victim's eyes during a rally in support of Charlie Hebdo, a French satirical weekly newspaper that fell victim to an terrorist attack, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Union Square in New York. French officials say 12 people were killed when masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of the periodical that had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

Mourners hold signs depicting victim's eyes during a rally in support of Charlie Hebdo, a French satirical weekly newspaper that fell victim to an terrorist attack, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Union Square in New York. French officials say 12 people were killed when masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of the periodical that had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

AP

Mourners gather during a rally in support of Charlie Hebdo, a French satirical weekly newspaper that fell victim to an terrorist attack, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Union Square in New York. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

Mourners gather during a rally in support of Charlie Hebdo, a French satirical weekly newspaper that fell victim to an terrorist attack, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Union Square in New York. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

AP

Mourners attend a rally in support of Charlie Hebdo, a French satirical weekly newspaper that fell victim to an terrorist attack, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Union Square in New York. French officials say 12 people were killed when masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of the periodical that had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

Mourners attend a rally in support of Charlie Hebdo, a French satirical weekly newspaper that fell victim to an terrorist attack, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015, at Union Square in New York. French officials say 12 people were killed when masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of the periodical that had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

AP

A candle is lit near a paper with the written words "I am Charlie" in french at a vigil in front of the French Embassy following the terrorist attack in Paris on January 7, 2015 in Berlin, Germany. Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

A candle is lit near a paper with the written words "I am Charlie" in french at a vigil in front of the French Embassy following the terrorist attack in Paris on January 7, 2015 in Berlin, Germany. Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07:  A woman holds a candle during a gathering at the Place de la Republique (Republic square)  in support of the victims after the terrorist attack earlier today on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo.  (Photo by Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: A woman holds a candle during a gathering at the Place de la Republique (Republic square) in support of the victims after the terrorist attack earlier today on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images)

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LONDON, ENGLAND - JANUARY 07:  People hold pens aloft during a vigil in Trafalgar Square for victims of the terrorist attack in Paris on January 7, 2015 in London, United Kingdom. Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo.  (Photo by Rob Stothard/Getty Images)

LONDON, ENGLAND - JANUARY 07: People hold pens aloft during a vigil in Trafalgar Square for victims of the terrorist attack in Paris on January 7, 2015 in London, United Kingdom. Twelve people were killed including two police officers as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Rob Stothard/Getty Images)

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Video footage appears to show two gunmen  shooting a policeman on the footpath outside the Paris office of Charlie Hebdo

Video footage appears to show two gunmen shooting a policeman on the footpath outside the Paris office of Charlie Hebdo

ADDS FULL NAME - FILE - In this Sept.19, 2012 file photo, Stephane Charbonnier also known as Charb , the publishing director of the satyric weekly Charlie Hebdo, displays the front page of the newspaper as he poses for photographers in Paris. Masked gunmen shouting Allahu akbar! stormed the Paris offices of a satirical newspaper Wednesday Jan.7, 2015, killing 12 people including Charb, before escaping. It was France's deadliest terror attack in at least two decades.  (AP Photo/Michel Euler, File)

ADDS FULL NAME - FILE - In this Sept.19, 2012 file photo, Stephane Charbonnier also known as Charb , the publishing director of the satyric weekly Charlie Hebdo, displays the front page of the newspaper as he poses for photographers in Paris. Masked gunmen shouting Allahu akbar! stormed the Paris offices of a satirical newspaper Wednesday Jan.7, 2015, killing 12 people including Charb, before escaping. It was France's deadliest terror attack in at least two decades. (AP Photo/Michel Euler, File)

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Charlie Hebdo bloodbath: An injured person is evacuated outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office in Paris following a shooting at the French satirical newspaper. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

Charlie Hebdo bloodbath: An injured person is evacuated outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office in Paris following a shooting at the French satirical newspaper. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

AP

French soldiers patrols next to the Eiffel Tower after a shooting at a French satirical newspaper, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. France reinforced security at houses of worship, stores, media offices and transportation after masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

French soldiers patrols next to the Eiffel Tower after a shooting at a French satirical newspaper, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. France reinforced security at houses of worship, stores, media offices and transportation after masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

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Forensic officers at the scene at a police station on Montrose Street in Clydebank, Scotland, where a woman apparently set herself on fire. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Wednesday January 7, 2015. The incident happened in a public area of the police office and she is believed to have suffered burns and was taken to Glasgow Royal Infirmary by ambulance. See PA story POLICE Woman. Photo credit should read: Danny Lawson/PA Wire

Forensic officers at the scene at a police station on Montrose Street in Clydebank, Scotland, where a woman apparently set herself on fire. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Wednesday January 7, 2015. The incident happened in a public area of the police office and she is believed to have suffered burns and was taken to Glasgow Royal Infirmary by ambulance. See PA story POLICE Woman. Photo credit should read: Danny Lawson/PA Wire

PA

Screen grabbed image taken from Instagram of posts featuring #JeSuisCharlie as social media users showed their support for satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo following today's bloody attack in France. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Wednesday January 7, 2015. A Twitter campaign pledging support to the victims and the French magazine had already gained traction within moments of the first #JeSuisCharlie hashtag being posted. See PA story POLICE Magazine SocialMedia. Photo credit should read: Instagram/PA Wire

NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.

Screen grabbed image taken from Instagram of posts featuring #JeSuisCharlie as social media users showed their support for satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo following today's bloody attack in France. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Wednesday January 7, 2015. A Twitter campaign pledging support to the victims and the French magazine had already gained traction within moments of the first #JeSuisCharlie hashtag being posted. See PA story POLICE Magazine SocialMedia. Photo credit should read: Instagram/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.

PA

People stand outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office after a shooting, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

People stand outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office after a shooting, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

AP

Police officers arrive at the scene after gunmen stormed a French newspaper, killing at least 12 peoplet, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere)

Police officers arrive at the scene after gunmen stormed a French newspaper, killing at least 12 peoplet, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere)

AP

A man lights a candle during a demonstration in solidarity with those killed in an attack at the Paris offices of the weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo  in Kosovo capital Pristina, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the the satirical newspaper methodically killing at least 12 people Wednesday, including the editor, before escaping in a car. It was France's deadliest postwar terrorist attack. (AP Photo/Visar Kryeziu)

A man lights a candle during a demonstration in solidarity with those killed in an attack at the Paris offices of the weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Kosovo capital Pristina, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the the satirical newspaper methodically killing at least 12 people Wednesday, including the editor, before escaping in a car. It was France's deadliest postwar terrorist attack. (AP Photo/Visar Kryeziu)

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Said Kouachi (left) and Cherif Kouachi, the two prime suspects in the Paris terror attack

Said Kouachi (left) and Cherif Kouachi, the two prime suspects in the Paris terror attack

The two gunmen brandishing assault rifles on a Paris street after their attack on the magazine offices

The two gunmen brandishing assault rifles on a Paris street after their attack on the magazine offices

People gather at Union Square in reaction to the terrorist attack on French newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 07, 2015 in New York City. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, after gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Yana Paskova/Getty Images)

People gather at Union Square in reaction to the terrorist attack on French newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 07, 2015 in New York City. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, after gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Yana Paskova/Getty Images)

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People gather at Union Square in reaction to the terrorist attack on French newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 07, 2015 in New York City. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, after gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Yana Paskova/Getty Images)

People gather at Union Square in reaction to the terrorist attack on French newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 07, 2015 in New York City. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, after gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Yana Paskova/Getty Images)

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People hold a vigil at the Place de la Republique (Republic Square) for victims of the terrorist attack, on January 7, 2015  in Paris, France. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

People hold a vigil at the Place de la Republique (Republic Square) for victims of the terrorist attack, on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

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People gather around candles and pens at the Place de la Republique (Republic square) in support of the victims after the terrorist attack earlier today on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France.   (Photo by Aurelien Meunier/Getty Images)

People gather around candles and pens at the Place de la Republique (Republic square) in support of the victims after the terrorist attack earlier today on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. (Photo by Aurelien Meunier/Getty Images)

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People hold up pens and posters reading 'I am Charlie' in French as they take part in a vigil of people, including many who were French, to show solidarity with those killed in an attack at the Paris offices of weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo, in Trafalgar Square, London, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of a weekly newspaper that caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, methodically killing 12 people Wednesday, including the editor, before escaping in a car. It was France's deadliest postwar terrorist attack. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)

People hold up pens and posters reading 'I am Charlie' in French as they take part in a vigil of people, including many who were French, to show solidarity with those killed in an attack at the Paris offices of weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo, in Trafalgar Square, London, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of a weekly newspaper that caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, methodically killing 12 people Wednesday, including the editor, before escaping in a car. It was France's deadliest postwar terrorist attack. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)

AP

A French soldier patrols at the Montparnasse railway station in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. France reinforced security at houses of worship, stores, media offices and transportation after masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

A French soldier patrols at the Montparnasse railway station in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. France reinforced security at houses of worship, stores, media offices and transportation after masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

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French forensic experts and Police officers examine evidence outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 12 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)

French forensic experts and Police officers examine evidence outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 12 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)

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Forensic experts examine the car believed to have been used as the escape vehicle by gunmen who attacked the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo)

Forensic experts examine the car believed to have been used as the escape vehicle by gunmen who attacked the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo)

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A bullet impact is seen in a window of a building next to the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015.  Masked gunmen shouting "Allahu akbar!" stormed the Paris offices of a satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 12 people, including the paper's editor, before escaping in a getaway car.  (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

A bullet impact is seen in a window of a building next to the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen shouting "Allahu akbar!" stormed the Paris offices of a satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 12 people, including the paper's editor, before escaping in a getaway car. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)

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People hug each other outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere)

People hug each other outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere)

AP

French soldiers patrols at the Eiffel Tower after a shooting at a French satirical newspaper, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. France reinforced security at houses of worship, stores, media offices and transportation after masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

French soldiers patrols at the Eiffel Tower after a shooting at a French satirical newspaper, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. France reinforced security at houses of worship, stores, media offices and transportation after masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

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French President Francois Hollande, center, flanked with security forces gestures, as he arrives outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Remy De La Mauviniere)

French President Francois Hollande, center, flanked with security forces gestures, as he arrives outside the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo's office, in Paris, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Masked gunmen stormed the offices of a French satirical newspaper Wednesday, killing at least 11 people before escaping, police and a witness said. The weekly has previously drawn condemnation from Muslims. (AP Photo/Remy De La Mauviniere)

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Signs saying 'Je suis Charlie' are held up as crowds gather at 'Place de la Republique' for a vigil following the terrorist attack on January 7, 2015 in Paris

Signs saying 'Je suis Charlie' are held up as crowds gather at 'Place de la Republique' for a vigil following the terrorist attack on January 7, 2015 in Paris

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: People hold signs saying 'Je suis Charlie' as crowds gather at 'Place de la Republique' for a vigil following the terrorist attack earlier today on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo.  (Photo by Marc Piasecki/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: People hold signs saying 'Je suis Charlie' as crowds gather at 'Place de la Republique' for a vigil following the terrorist attack earlier today on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the offices of the French satirical publication Charlie Hebdo. (Photo by Marc Piasecki/Getty Images)

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BARCELONA, SPAIN - JANUARY 07:  People light candles on a Charlie Hebdo Magazine during a gathering of people showing their support for the victims of the terrorist attack at French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in front of the Consulate of France on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the magazine offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris, France.   (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

BARCELONA, SPAIN - JANUARY 07: People light candles on a Charlie Hebdo Magazine during a gathering of people showing their support for the victims of the terrorist attack at French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in front of the Consulate of France on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the magazine offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris, France. (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

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BARCELONA, SPAIN - JANUARY 07:  People hold pencils up during a gathering of people showing their support for the victims of the terrorist attack at French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in front of the Consulate of France on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the magazine offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris, France.   (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

BARCELONA, SPAIN - JANUARY 07: People hold pencils up during a gathering of people showing their support for the victims of the terrorist attack at French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in front of the Consulate of France on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the magazine offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris, France. (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

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BARCELONA, SPAIN - JANUARY 07:  People gather showing their support for the victims of the terrorist attack at French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in front of the Consulate of France on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the magazine offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris, France.   (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

BARCELONA, SPAIN - JANUARY 07: People gather showing their support for the victims of the terrorist attack at French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in front of the Consulate of France on January 7, 2015 in Barcelona, Spain. Twelve people were killed, including two police officers, as two gunmen opened fire at the magazine offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris, France. (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07:  Police officers evacuate dead bodies at the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Nicolas Appert street on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials.  (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: Police officers evacuate dead bodies at the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Nicolas Appert street on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials. (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: Ambulances and police officers gather in front of the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials. (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: Ambulances and police officers gather in front of the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials. (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

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Ambulances and police officers gather in front of the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials.  (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

Ambulances and police officers gather in front of the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials. (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07:  French Prime Minister Manuel Valls (C) arrives at  the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials.  (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: French Prime Minister Manuel Valls (C) arrives at the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials. (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

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PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07:  Ambulances and police officers gather in front of the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials.  (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE - JANUARY 07: Ambulances and police officers gather in front of the offices of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo on January 7, 2015 in Paris, France. Armed gunmen stormed the offices leaving twelve dead, including two police officers, according to French officials. (Photo by Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images)

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French President Francois Hollande leaves the Elysee Palace after a shooting at a French satirical newspaper, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015.  Police official says 11 dead in shooting at French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

French President Francois Hollande leaves the Elysee Palace after a shooting at a French satirical newspaper, in Paris, France, Wednesday, Jan. 7, 2015. Police official says 11 dead in shooting at French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

AP

The scene in Paris, France, after ten people were shot dead in an attack at the offices of a French satirical magazine which angered some Muslims after publishing crude caricatures of Islam's Prophet Mohammed, according to reports. Pic Twitter/@Lestatmp

The scene in Paris, France, after ten people were shot dead in an attack at the offices of a French satirical magazine which angered some Muslims after publishing crude caricatures of Islam's Prophet Mohammed, according to reports. Pic Twitter/@Lestatmp

PA

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Security officers escort released hostages after they stormed a kosher market to end a hostage situation, Paris, Friday, Jan. 9, 2015. Explosions and gunshots were heard as police forces stormed a kosher grocery in Paris where a gunman was holding at least five people hostage. (AP Photo/Michel Euler)

Links have emerged between the attackers in that Boumeddiene and the companion of one of the Kouachi brothers had exchanged about 500 phone calls prior to the attacks, Molins said.

He added that several people have been given preliminary charges in the investigation. They include relatives of the three gunmen.

Both officials spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity because of an ongoing investigation into Kouachi's stay in Yemen.

Both brothers were also on the US no-fly list, a senior US counterterrorism official said, speaking on condition of anonymity because the official was not authorised to discuss foreign intelligence publicly.

The attacks in France as well as a hostage siege last month in Sydney and the October killing of a solder near Canada's parliament prompted the US State Department to issue a global travel warning for Americans. It also cites an increased risk of reprisals against US and Western targets for the US-led intervention against Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq.

Authorities around Europe have warned of the threat posed by the return of Western jihadis trained in warfare. France counts at least 1,200 citizens in the war zone in Syria — headed there, returned or dead. Both the Islamic State group and al-Qaeda have threatened France, home to Western Europe's largest Muslim population.

The publication Charlie Hebdo had long drawn threats for its depictions of Islam, although it also lampooned other religions and political figures. It had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, and a sketch of Islamic State's leader was the last tweet sent by the irreverent newspaper minutes before the attack.

Eight journalists, two police officers, a maintenance worker and a visitor were killed in the newspaper attack, including the paper's editor. Charlie Hebdo plans a special edition next week, produced in the offices of another paper.

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