Cardinal Angelo Sodano, a once-powerful Italian prelate who was a long-serving secretary of state at the Vatican, has died aged 94.
Late in his career, the prelate’s legacy had been tarnished by his support for the paedophile founder of an influential religious order, the Legion of Christ.
Italian state radio said the cardinal had recently had contracted Covid-19, complicating his already frail health. Corriere della Sera said he died in a Rome clinic where he had been admitted a few weeks ago. His death was confirmed by the Vatican on Friday.
in a condolence telegram sent to Cardinal Sodano’s sister, Maria Sodano, Pope Francis noted that he had held many roles in the Vatican’s diplomatic corps, culminating in his being named secretary of state on June 28 1991 by the then-pontiff, John Paul II.
A day later, John Paul, who later was made a saint, elevated Sodano to the rank of cardinal.
In the condolence message, Francis expressed “sentiments of gratitude to the Lord for the gift of this esteemed man of the church” and paid tribute to his long service as a Vatican diplomat in Ecuador, Uruguay and Chile in South America, Francis’ native continent.
Cardinal Sodano’s church legacy was tarnished by his staunch championing of the Rev Marcial Maciel, the deceased Mexican founder of the Legion of Christ, a religious order, who was later revealed to be a paedophile.
Maciel’s clerical career was discredited by the cult-like practices he imposed on the order’s members. An internal investigation eventually identified 33 priests and 71 seminarians in the order who sexually abused minors over some eight decades.
Cardinal Sodano for years, while secretary of state under John Paul, had prevented the Vatican from investigating sex abuse allegations against Maciel.
The Holy See had evidence dating back decades that the founder of the religious order – an organisation that was a favourite of John Paul’s for producing so many priests – was a drug addict and a paedophile.
The Vatican’s biography, issued after Cardinal Sodano died, made no mention of the scandals. Instead, it noted his accomplishment as a top Vatican diplomat, including his work for “the peaceful solution to the controversy of the sovereignty of two states”, a reference to the 1982 Falklands War between Argentina and the UK.
Speaking of Cardinal Sodano’s career at the Vatican, which saw him serve until 2006 as the Holy See’s number two official in the role of secretary of state, Francis said the prelate had carried out his mission with “exemplary dedication”.
In December 2019, Francis accepted Sodano’s resignation as Dean of the College of Cardinals, an influential role, especially in preparing for conclaves, the closed-door election of pontiffs. Cardinal Sodano had held that position from 2005.
Cardinal Sodano was born in Isola d’Asti, a town in the Piedmont region of northern Italy, on November 23 1927.
He was ordained a priest in 1950 and obtained a doctorate in theology at the prestigious Pontifical Gregorian University and in canon law from the Pontifical Lateral University, both in Rome.
He joined the Vatican’s diplomatic corps in 1959, eventually representing the Holy See at foreign ministers’ meetings across Europe.
In 2000, Cardinal Sodano played a role in ending an enduring mystery at the Vatican by disclosing the so-called third secret of Fatima.
In 1917, three Portuguese shepherd children said they saw the Virgin Mary appear above an olive tree and she told them three secrets. The first two were said to have foretold the end of the First World War and the start of the Second, and the rise and fall of Soviet communism. Some speculated that the third, unrevealed secret, was a doomsday prophecy.
While the pope was visiting the popular shrine in Fatima, Portugal, Cardinal Sodano said that the “interpretations” of the children spoke of a “bishop clothed in white,” who “falls to the ground, apparently dead, under a burst of gunfire”.
That description evoked the assassination attempt on John Paul in St Peter’s Square on May 13 1981, in which the pope was gravely wounded. It was the same day of the year as the first of the reported Fatima visions in 1917.
Cardinal Sodano’s funeral is to take place on Tuesday in St Peter’s Basilica. It will be celebrated by the dean of the College of Cardinals, Giovanni Battista Re, while Pope Francis will perform a traditional funeral rite at the end of the ceremony.