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Russia holds firm over Syria ahead of Obama meeting

By David Usborne

Russian President Vladimir Putin welcomes his US counterpart Barack Obama and the other heads of the world's leading and emerging nations to a G20 summit in St Petersburg this morning.

The event will crackle with tensions over the case for punitive strikes against Syria for allegedly using chemical weapons against its own people.

The stage may be set for one of the most awkward and uncomfortable international summits in recent memory with the Syrian crisis likely to dominate discussions and the two heavyweights at the table -- Mr Putin and Mr Obama -- facing off on the best way forward.

A once-planned separate summit between the two men was cancelled by Washington weeks ago.

At a stop-over in Stockholm yesterday, Mr Obama said the responsibility to act on Syria was not just his, but the whole world's. "I didn't set a red line," he said. "The world set a red line when governments representing 98pc of the world's population said the use of chemical weapons is abhorrent."

For his part, Mr Putin warned that Russia would consider any strikes ordered without United Nations backing as an act of "aggression". Nor, he said, would Moscow necessarily stand by if that were to happen. He said: "We have our ideas about what we will do and how we will do it in case the situation develops toward the use of force."

Mr Putin may have dropped the temperature slightly, saying in an interview that Russia would not rule out supporting a UN resolution for action on Syria if evidence were presented proving the use of gas by Bashar al-Assad's regime. But he also noted that he remains unconvinced by US intelligence.

Back in the US, John Kerry, the Secretary of State, and other top members of Mr Obama's national security team continued their efforts to persuade members of Congress to back the call for military strikes. The situation on Capitol Hill remained fluid, however.

While the Senate Foreign Relations Committee moved towards approving a draft resolution approving strikes, doubts lingered over prospects for the president's request in the Senate and more especially in the House of Representatives. The impression that Mr Obama wanted to shift responsibility off his shoulders and on to those of Congress did not sit well with everyone in Washington.

"If he chooses to wash his hands of this, you can surely imagine how a vote will turn out," one top Republican aide on Capitol Hill retorted.

Meanwhile, a new ABC TV poll showed that nearly two-thirds of Americans are still opposed to strikes.

Mr Putin cited the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 as reason to distrust the case being put forward on Syria.

"All these arguments turned out to be untenable, but they were used to launch military action," Mr Putin said.

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