The US government will try to stop a company’s planned salvage mission to retrieve the Titanic’s wireless telegraph machine, arguing the expedition would break federal law and a pact with Britain to leave the shipwreck undisturbed.
US lawyers have filed a legal challenge before a federal judge in Norfolk, Virginia. The expedition is expected to occur by the end of August.
The Atlanta-based salvage firm RMS Titanic Inc plans to recover the radio equipment from a deck house near the ship’s grand staircase. The operation could require a submersible to cut into the rapidly deteriorating roof if the vehicle is unable to slip through a skylight.
US lawyers argue the company cannot do that. They say federal law requires the firm to get authorisation from the secretary of commerce before conducting research or salvage expeditions “that would physically alter or disturb the wreck”.
The agreement with the United Kingdom, they add, regulates entry into the hull to prevent the disturbance of “other artefacts and any human remains”.
The international agreement calls for the Titanic “to be recognised as ‘a memorial to those men, women and children who perished and whose remains should be given appropriate respect,’” the government’s filing states.
The Titanic was travelling from England to New York when it struck an iceberg and sank in 1912, killing all but about 700 of the 2,208 passengers and crew. About 1,500 people died when the ship sank about 400 miles off Newfoundland, Canada.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) represents the public’s interest in the North Atlantic wreck site. The federal agency is now seeking to be an actual party in the case.
NOAA filed its arguments before the same federal judge who ruled last month that the salvage firm could dive nearly 2.5 miles to recover the Marconi wireless telegraph machine. The radio’s distress calls to other ships are credited with saving the lives of hundreds of people who escaped on lifeboats.
In her May ruling, US district judge Rebecca Beach Smith agreed with the salvage firm that the telegraph is historically important and could soon disappear within the rapidly decaying wreck. The company plans to exhibit the gear while telling the stories of its heroic operators.
NOAA’s legal challenge escalates a debate that’s been simmering for a few years over who controls salvage missions to the world’s most famous shipwreck.
The federal agency argues that federal laws and international agreements should apply to it. The salvage firm disagrees, arguing that hundreds of years of maritime law firmly puts the wreck into the hands of admiralty court in Norfolk.
“NOAA seeks to jettison the law of the sea, developed over centuries,” the firm argued in legal documents filed earlier this year.