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US lawmakers under pressure with government in partial shutdown over budget deal failure

By Nikhil Kumar

Partisan gridlock in Washington has triggered a partial shutdown of the US government, with Republicans and Democrats failing to agree a deal to keep federal agencies funded past a midnight deadline.

With no budget, the US government will have no choice but to send hundreds of thousands of federal workers on unpaid leave, affecting agencies as varied as the Justice Department, Nasa, the  and the  in the first shutdown in nearly two decades.

Earlier, as Republicans in the  refused to budge on their demands that any funding measure include provisions to delay or water-down the President’s signature healthcare reforms, Barack Obama warned that a shutdown would throw “a wrench into the gears of our economy at a time when those gears have gained some traction.”

According to the White House, a shutdown lasting one week would cost the US economy something in the region of $10bn.

Congress had until midnight last night to agree on a stopgap budget to keep the money flowing to government departments into the new fiscal year beginning today.

But Republicans in the House of Representatives refused to countenance any measure that left the President’s healthcare reforms - known collectively as Obamacare - untouched. The , which is controlled by ’s Democrats, was equally adamant, stripping out any Obamacare-related provisions in funding bills approved by the House and demanding that the Republican-controlled chamber approve a “clean” bill, one that deals solely with the budget issue.

But, under pressure from a cabal of right-wing Republicans, the party’s leader in the House, , refused to put forward a straightforward budget measure. Late last night, the House leadership mooted the idea of commencing negotiations, via a legislative process known as conference, with the Senate instead of simply sending bills back and forth between the two chambers with no prospect of a resolution. But the idea was rejected by the Democratic leader in the Senate, , who said: “We’re not going to go to conference with a gun to a head.”

The result: a partial shutdown of the government that the President warned earlier would “have a very real economic impact on real people, right away.”

“In the event of a government shutdown, hundreds of thousands of these dedicated public servants who stay on the job will do so without pay,” he said, speaking from the White House press briefing room late on Monday afternoon. “And several hundred thousand more will be immediately and indefinitely furloughed without pay. What, of course, will not be furloughed are the bills that they have to pay - their mortgages, their tuition payments, their car notes.”

October 1, 2013 -- A partisan deadlock over the Federal budget – which House Republicans had tied to a one-year delay in the President‘s Affordable Care Act, or Obamacare – has left the U.S. government facing its first partial shutdown in 17 years. Graphic shows number of employees from each federal department affected as proportion of total number that will stop working.

The President had tweeted shortly before the deadline: "A group of extremists in the House is hours away from shutting down the government. Tell them #EnoughAlready," and posted a link to an online petition in support of Obamacare.

Shortly after the deadline passed, he tweeted: "They actually did it. A group of Republicans in the House just forced a government shutdown over Obamacare instead of passing a real budget."

The focus now will be on the length of the shutdown. The longer the budget impasse in Washington, the greater the risk to economic growth. In the event of a shutdown lasting more than a few days, lawmakers will also be under pressure to agree a deal that resolves not just the budget issue but also the thorny question of the US debt ceiling, which will pop up on the agenda around the middle of October. The government runs out of room on its Congressionally-mandated debt limit around 17 October. If Congress fails to raise the limit on time, the US would face defaulting on its debts, an outcome that would likely throw world markets into a tailspin.

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