War crimes fear as bodies found
More than a dozen bodies have been unearthed from a mass grave near the northern Iraqi city of Tikrit, as a new UN report said Islamic State (IS) militants may have committed genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity during their rampage across the country.
The discovery and the report's findings - detailing mass killings, torture and rape - raised fears that more atrocities could be uncovered as Iraqi security forces and Shia militias claw back territory from the extremist group.
Iraqi authorities in Salahuddin province unearthed 13 bodies in the district of al-Boajeel, east of the city of Tikrit, where security forces and Shia militias are engaged in a large-scale offensive against the militants.
Video footage shows police digging up bodies and loading them onto trucks in plastic bags.
A government official and a senior military official said an investigation is under way to identify the dead.
They said the site is not believed to be linked to the mass killing last summer of captured Iraqi soldiers from Camp Speicher, a nearby military base. The militant group had released photos of the soldiers being lined up in front of shallow trenches and shot dead.
Iraqi troops backed by powerful Shia militias are currently in a holding position on the edges of Tikrit as they wait for any remaining civilians to leave before pushing toward the centre of the city.
IS captured Tikrit and Iraq's second largest city, Mosul, during its rapid advance across north and west in June. The extremists now rule a vast area straddling the Syria-Iraq border in which they have imposed a harsh version of Islamic law, beheading and carrying out massacres of their opponents.
The UN report, published by the Human Rights Office, draws on the testimony of 100 people who survived attacks by the militant group in Iraq between June 2014 and last month.
The accounts detail killings, torture, rape and sexual slavery, forced religious conversions and the conscription of children.
The report also details alleged crimes committed against Iraq's minority Yazidi community, viewed as apostates by IS. The report said that when the militants captured Yazidis they killed the men and enslaved women and children. Witnesses said militants raped children as young as six, and women interviewed by the UN said they were raped, impregnated and given abortions by IS doctors.
Iraqi and Kurdish officials say the extremist group has captured hundreds of Yazidi women. In a recent issue of IS's online magazine, the militants boasted of enslaving them.
In the once-diverse city of Mosul, IS has forced Christians and other religious minorities to convert to Islam, pay special taxes or die, causing tens of thousands to flee.
The UN report also details killings, torture and abductions allegedly carried out by Iraqi security forces and Shia militias battling IS.
The report said fleeing Iraqi forces allegedly set fire to an army base in the eastern Diyala province where 43 Sunnis were held prisoner. It also included witness accounts of Sunni civilians being forced from their homes at gunpoint.
The UN has called on the Iraqi government to ensure that all accusations are investigated in line with international human rights standards and to publicise the results.