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What to watch: 14 US states vote on Super Tuesday

Bernie Sanders, Joe Biden, Elizabeth Warren, Mike Bloomberg and Tulsi Gabbard are in the running to tackle Donald Trump for the US presidency.

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Bernie Sanders and Joe Biden (AP)

Bernie Sanders and Joe Biden (AP)

Bernie Sanders and Joe Biden (AP)

The Democratic presidential candidates are racing toward the biggest day in the primaries calendar when 14 US states vote on Super Tuesday.

It is the day when the primary season goes nationwide.

Instead of a single state voting at a time, candidates have to focus on contests in every region of the country with all types of voters.

Super Tuesday graphic
(PA Graphics)

While Super Tuesday will not necessarily determine who wins the nomination, it has historically been difficult for a candidate who performs poorly on the day to recover. Here is what to look out for in Tuesday’s contests:

– The states

Fourteen states hold primaries on Super Tuesday, including California and Texas, the two biggest delegate hauls of the entire primary season.

California offers 415 delegates and Texas 228. In total, more than 1,300 delegates will be up for grabs, about a third of the total available in the race to the Democratic presidential nomination.

Although Super Tuesday was originally created as a regional primary featuring Southern states, it has morphed over the years. This year, it includes states from every region of the country.

The other states are Arkansas, Alabama, Colorado, Maine, Minnesota, Massachusetts, Vermont, Utah, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee and Oklahoma. Most of the Southern states are Republican strongholds in the general election, while others like California are solidly Democratic. North Carolina is likely to be a battleground state in the general election.

Polls close between 7pm and 8pm local time, depending on the state.

– The voters

The Super Tuesday states are home to diverse electorates, both when it comes to demographics and political ideology.

In California and Texas, white voters make up less than half the population. Latinos count for nearly 40% of the populations in both states. California, meanwhile, has the nation’s highest Asian population, at roughly 15%.

North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Alabama and Arkansas have large populations of black voters, one of the Democratic Party’s core voting blocs.

The states blend a mix of urban and rural voters, as well as Democrats from all sides of the political spectrum. As candidates focus on wooing Southern Democrats in states like Texas and Arkansas, they must also be thinking about a message that can resonate in progressive San Francisco.

Democratic candidates graphic
(PA Graphics)

Most of the Super Tuesday states have some form of widespread early voting. Voters in Minnesota, for example, could start casting ballots in January. Millions of mail-in ballots went out to California voters on February 3, the day of the Iowa caucuses.

– The candidates

Vermont senator Bernie Sanders and former New York Mayor Mike Bloomberg have had the widest and most aggressive footprint across the Super Tuesday states, largely because they have the most money to spend.

Mr Bloomberg is advertising in all 14 states, while Mr Sanders is on the airwaves in 12.

It is the first time Mr Bloomberg will be on the ballot, after he skipped the first four voting states, making the day a critical test of his theory that he is the best candidate to stand against Mr Sanders and, later, Republican president Donald Trump.

Super Tuesday Graphic
(Graphics)

Mr Sanders spent Sunday in California, holding rallies in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles, the state’s major liberal strongholds.

He is hoping his months-long focus on the state and his resonance with Latino voters will help him win a large chunk of the state’s 415 delegates. Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren was in California on Monday, and Joe Biden will return on primary day.

Mr Biden, for his part, hopes his strong showing in Saturday’s South Carolina primary is a harbinger of coming success with black voters, who dominate the Democratic electorate in a handful of Super Tuesday states.

Mr Warren hopes to win her home-state primary, though Mr Sanders is making a play for it in what could prove to be a fatal blow to her campaign. Mr Bloomberg has also campaigned across the South in recent days as he tries to prove he can build a winning Democratic coalition.

Democrats opposed to Mr Sanders are hoping to see voters coalesce behind a moderate alternative. Any of the candidates could face pressure to drop out if they do not perform well on Tuesday.

PA