| 15.1°C Belfast

Lebanon faces Isis and Nusra incursions – and an influx of refugees

Close

Rebels from al Qaida affiliated group Jabhat al-Nusra at Taftanaz air base in Idlib province, northern Syria (ENN/AP)

Rebels from al Qaida affiliated group Jabhat al-Nusra at Taftanaz air base in Idlib province, northern Syria (ENN/AP)

AP

Rebels from al Qaida affiliated group Jabhat al-Nusra at Taftanaz air base in Idlib province, northern Syria (ENN/AP)

The shooting went on for hours, heard even in the centre of ancient Baalbek as Hezbollah and the Jabhat al-Nusra/Isis insurgents from Syria fought it out on the ridgeline above the Roman city.

That is all the people of Baalbek could say on Monday after Hezbollah announced – after rather a long time – that the jihadis had been sent packing back up towards Syrian Qalamoun. But it was another shock to the body politic of Lebanon.

We’ve been here before, of course, in similar battles in July, and then in the brief capture of Ersa, north of Baalbek, in August when Isis managed for a few forbidding hours to take over the Sunni town and seize almost 24 Lebanese soldiers, two of whom have since suffered the now all-too-familiar and awesome punishment of decapitation.

But does this mean that Isis has leached over the border and put its black-and-white flags into the soil of Lebanon?

The details of the latest raid are frustratingly difficult to ascertain. First reports spoke of “hundreds” of Nusra fighters with mortars and rocket-propelled grenades storming at least 10 almost inaccessible Hezbollah outposts close to the Syrian border, strong points placed there for the very purpose of preventing the jihadis from crossing into Lebanon and threatening the Hezbollah supply route through Baalbek to the south of he country where, of course, another enemy – Israel – might await the Iranian-armed and financed movement. Casualty figures moved uncertainly between 14 jihadis and three Hezbollah dead, and 16 jihadis with eight Hezbollah dead. But the figures, as usual, are less important than the implications.

As the sub-head of one recent article in the Lebanese Christian press put it rather well, it seems that from now on the destiny of Lebanon will be “in the hands of Nusra and the ‘Islamic State’ [as Isis calls itself], which each day wickedly spreads its venom deeper into Lebanese territory”. This may be taking things a little too far.

When Hezbollah sent thousands of its fighters across the Syrian border to help President Bashar al-Assad’s army fight its jihadi enemies, it could hardly be surprised if those same enemies decided to strike back across the frontier in the other direction. Each little jihadi “victory”, however, gives heart to their coterie of supporters in the Lebanese Sunni community, especially in Tripoli where a few Isis posters have been seen.

Daily Headlines & Evening Telegraph Newsletter

Receive today's headlines directly to your inbox every morning and evening, with our free daily newsletter.

This field is required

There have been Isis tweets, too, directed at the Lebanese state, castigating its army’s behaviour. Lebanon’s military is a working institution and its multi-ethnic ranks are anathema to the Sunni fighters loyal to Mosul’s odd new “caliph”, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Arsal’s much-troubled Sunni population is host to a mass of Syrian refugees and fears it may permanently fall under Isis’s yoke – as if, in the words of the town’s municipality President, Ali Hujeiri, Isis wants to invite Baghdadi to Lebanon.

No one in the country forgets that the original title of this morbid new “state” entity was the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – and that the Levant area includes Lebanon as well as Syria. Inevitably, Syrian refugees – now a third of Lebanon’s population – have found themselves victims of almost racist threats from their Arab compatriots in the country. There are nightly incidents of intimidation against them in Beirut where wall posters have appeared at dusk, ordering Syrian men and their families to leave within 12 hours the cheap lodgings in which they are crowded.

The Lebanese army has done little about this – just as it failed to intervene in the Hezbollah-jihadi fighting at the weekend. Hezbollah’s Syrian government allies have meanwhile been drawing eerie comparisons between its army’s present struggle against “Wahabi-Zionist enemies” with foreign weapons – “wahabi” being a code word for Saudi Arabia – and its 6 October 1973 battles with Israel, which was also armed with foreign weapons.

Close

In this image shot with an extreme telephoto lens and through haze from the outskirts of Suruc at the Turkey-Syria border, Turkish forces armoured vehicles patrol the border as a black banner with white writing is seen atop of a building at the eastern side of the town of Kobani, Syria, where fighting had ben intensified between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. The flag is indicating that the jihadists may have regrouped and broken through the Kurdish lines.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

In this image shot with an extreme telephoto lens and through haze from the outskirts of Suruc at the Turkey-Syria border, Turkish forces armoured vehicles patrol the border as a black banner with white writing is seen atop of a building at the eastern side of the town of Kobani, Syria, where fighting had ben intensified between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. The flag is indicating that the jihadists may have regrouped and broken through the Kurdish lines.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

AP

Smoke rises from the Syrian town of Kobani after an air strike, seen from near the Mursitpinar border crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Smoke rises from the Syrian town of Kobani after an air strike, seen from near the Mursitpinar border crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Getty Images

Protesters run away from tear gas during a pro-Kurdish demonstration in solidarity with the people of Kobani, near the Mursitpinar border crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey.   (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Protesters run away from tear gas during a pro-Kurdish demonstration in solidarity with the people of Kobani, near the Mursitpinar border crossing on the Turkish-Syrian border on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Getty Images

An aid worker gives a loaf of bread to the newly arrived Syrian Kurdish refugees as they walk with their belongings after crossing into Turkey from the Syrian border town Kobani on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey.    (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

An aid worker gives a loaf of bread to the newly arrived Syrian Kurdish refugees as they walk with their belongings after crossing into Turkey from the Syrian border town Kobani on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Getty Images

A newly arrived Syrian Kurdish refugee girl cries as she sits in the back of a truck after crossing into Turkey from the Syrian border town of Kobani on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey.  (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

A newly arrived Syrian Kurdish refugee girl cries as she sits in the back of a truck after crossing into Turkey from the Syrian border town of Kobani on October 7, 2014 near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey. (Photo by Stringer/Getty Images)

Getty Images

A Turkish Kurd, standing in the outskirts of Suruc, on the Turkey-Syria border, use binoculars to watch the fighting between militants of the Islamic State group and Kurdish forces in Kobani, Syria, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

A Turkish Kurd, standing in the outskirts of Suruc, on the Turkey-Syria border, use binoculars to watch the fighting between militants of the Islamic State group and Kurdish forces in Kobani, Syria, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

AP

Turkish Kurds walk as tanks in the background hold their positions on a hilltop in the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, overlooking Kobani in Syria where fighting had ben intensified between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

Turkish Kurds walk as tanks in the background hold their positions on a hilltop in the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, overlooking Kobani in Syria where fighting had ben intensified between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

AP

Turkish soldiers stand atop and around their tanks as they hold their positions on a hilltop in the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, overlooking Kobani in Syria where fighting had ben intensified between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State,group  Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

Turkish soldiers stand atop and around their tanks as they hold their positions on a hilltop in the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, overlooking Kobani in Syria where fighting had ben intensified between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State,group Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

AP

Turkish soldiers take positions, a few hundreds meters from the border line as fighting intensifis between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State, in Kobani in Syria, in the background, in Mursitpinar near Suruc, Turkey, Saturday, Oct. 4, 2014. Turkey's parliament approved Thursday a motion that gives the government new powers to launch military incursions into Syria and Iraq and to allow foreign forces to use its territory for possible operations against the Islamic State group. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Turkish soldiers take positions, a few hundreds meters from the border line as fighting intensifis between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State, in Kobani in Syria, in the background, in Mursitpinar near Suruc, Turkey, Saturday, Oct. 4, 2014. Turkey's parliament approved Thursday a motion that gives the government new powers to launch military incursions into Syria and Iraq and to allow foreign forces to use its territory for possible operations against the Islamic State group. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Smokes rise after a mortar shell landed in the south of the city center of Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani, seen from the Turkish side of border as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive in Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Smokes rise after a mortar shell landed in the south of the city center of Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani, seen from the Turkish side of border as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive in Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

A Turkish soldier holds a lost baby as he looks for its mother, as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive at the Turkey-Syria border crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

A Turkish soldier holds a lost baby as he looks for its mother, as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive at the Turkey-Syria border crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Syrian Kurdish women wait for transport as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive at the Turkey-Syria border  crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Syrian Kurdish women wait for transport as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive at the Turkey-Syria border crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Syrian Kurdish wait for transport as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive at the Turkey-Syria border  crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Syrian Kurdish wait for transport as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani arrive at the Turkey-Syria border crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Narin Mustafa, 26, holds her 10-day-old baby girl Merva as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani in Syria arrive at the Turkey-Syria border  crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Narin Mustafa, 26, holds her 10-day-old baby girl Merva as thousands of new Syrian refugees from Kobani in Syria arrive at the Turkey-Syria border crossing of Yumurtalik near Suruc, Turkey, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against a Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border on Tuesday in an attempt to halt the militants' advance, activists said.(AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

A Turkish Kurdish woman uses binoculars to watch the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria, at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said.  (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

A Turkish Kurdish woman uses binoculars to watch the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria, at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Turkish soldiers watch the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria, at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said.  (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Turkish soldiers watch the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria, at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Turkish soldiers patrol as the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria,continues at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said.  (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Turkish soldiers patrol as the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria,continues at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Turkish Kurds watch the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria, at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

Turkish Kurds watch the fighting between Islamic militants and Kurdish forces to the west of Kobani, Syria, at the Turkey-Syria border near Suruc, Turkey, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. U.S.-led coalition airstrikes targeted fighters, vehicles and artillery pieces of the Islamic State group on both sides of the Syria-Iraq frontier Tuesday, including around a beleaguered Kurdish town near the Syrian-Turkish border that is under assault by the militants, activists said. (AP Photo/Burhan Ozbilici)

AP

Smoke rises after a shell lands in Kobani in Syria as fighting intensifies between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State group, as seen from the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

Smoke rises after a shell lands in Kobani in Syria as fighting intensifies between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State group, as seen from the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

AP

Smoke from a fire rises after a shell landed in Kobani in Syria as fighting intensifies between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State group, as seen from the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

Smoke from a fire rises after a shell landed in Kobani in Syria as fighting intensifies between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State group, as seen from the outskirts of Suruc, at the Turkey-Syria border, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

AP

CORRECTS TYPE OF AIRCRAFT In this Sept. 23, 2014 photo provided by the U.S Air Force, a F-15 strike Eagle taxis in the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility prior to strike operations in Syria. U.S. coalition-led warplanes struck Islamic State group militants near the northern Syrian town of Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab, near the Turkish border for the first time Saturday, Sept. 27, 2014, activists and a Kurdish official said. The coalition, which began its aerial campaign against Islamic State fighters in Syria early Tuesday, aims to roll back and ultimately crush the extremist group, which has created a proto-state spanning the Syria-Iraq border. (AP Photo/U.S. Air Force, Russ Scalf)

CORRECTS TYPE OF AIRCRAFT In this Sept. 23, 2014 photo provided by the U.S Air Force, a F-15 strike Eagle taxis in the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility prior to strike operations in Syria. U.S. coalition-led warplanes struck Islamic State group militants near the northern Syrian town of Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab, near the Turkish border for the first time Saturday, Sept. 27, 2014, activists and a Kurdish official said. The coalition, which began its aerial campaign against Islamic State fighters in Syria early Tuesday, aims to roll back and ultimately crush the extremist group, which has created a proto-state spanning the Syria-Iraq border. (AP Photo/U.S. Air Force, Russ Scalf)

AP

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees ride in the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees ride in the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A woman holds a child after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A woman holds a child after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees wait to be pickuped after crossing from Syria into Turkey in Suruc October 1, 2014 south of Sanliurfa, Turkey. Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) fighters are reportedly advancing with heavy weaponry on the strategic Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which they have surrounded on three sides. Several hundred thousand refugees are reportedly in Kobani and aid agencies are bracing for a massive exodus into Turkey.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees wait to be pickuped after crossing from Syria into Turkey in Suruc October 1, 2014 south of Sanliurfa, Turkey. Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) fighters are reportedly advancing with heavy weaponry on the strategic Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which they have surrounded on three sides. Several hundred thousand refugees are reportedly in Kobani and aid agencies are bracing for a massive exodus into Turkey. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees are picked up after crossing from Syria into Turkey in Suruc October 1, 2014 south of Sanliurfa, Turkey. Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) fighters are reportedly advancing with heavy weaponry on the strategic Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which they have surrounded on three sides. Several hundred thousand refugees are reportedly in Kobani and aid agencies are bracing for a massive exodus into Turkey.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees are picked up after crossing from Syria into Turkey in Suruc October 1, 2014 south of Sanliurfa, Turkey. Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) fighters are reportedly advancing with heavy weaponry on the strategic Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which they have surrounded on three sides. Several hundred thousand refugees are reportedly in Kobani and aid agencies are bracing for a massive exodus into Turkey. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man lifts a sack on a truck full of refugees after they had crossed the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man lifts a sack on a truck full of refugees after they had crossed the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man carries a bag after crossing  the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man carries a bag after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man lifts a child into the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man lifts a child into the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A woman carries a bag after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A woman carries a bag after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man pulls a sack after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man pulls a sack after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man drinks water after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man drinks water after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A woman stands beside a washing machine after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A woman stands beside a washing machine after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man squats beside his motocycle after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man squats beside his motocycle after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A refugee gestures from the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A refugee gestures from the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees gather in a field after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees gather in a field after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man carries some belongings while crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man carries some belongings while crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1, 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Men wait for relatives and friends after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Men wait for relatives and friends after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees stand in a field after crossing  the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees stand in a field after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A man wears a blanket after crossing  the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A man wears a blanket after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees cross the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees cross the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Men wait for relatives and friends after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Men wait for relatives and friends after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  A woman carries carpets after crossing after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: A woman carries carpets after crossing after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees lift belongings into the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees lift belongings into the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees carry their belongings to a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees carry their belongings to a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees lift their belongings over the fence as they cross the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees lift their belongings over the fence as they cross the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

A man carries a box after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

A man carries a box after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees ride in the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees ride in the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Two men on a motocycle looks at a phone at a checkpoint near the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Two men on a motocycle looks at a phone at a checkpoint near the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees climb onto a truck to sit to be transported away after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees climb onto a truck to sit to be transported away after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees stand beside their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees stand beside their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees sit with their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees sit with their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees sit with their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees sit with their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees sit with their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees sit with their belongings after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01:  Refugees ride in the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance.  (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

SANLIURFA, TURKEY - OCTOBER 01: Refugees ride in the back of a truck after crossing the border from Syria into Turkey on October 1 , 2014 near Suruc, Turkey. Kurdish troops are engaged in a battle against fighters of the Islamic State (IS, also called ISIS and ISIL) to defend the strategic nearby Kurdish border town of Kobani (also called Ayn Al-Arab), which ISIS has surrounded on three sides. The Turkish Parliament is due to vote on a measure on October 2, which would allow Turkish ground forces to enter Syria, creating a buffer zone to protect fleeing refugees from the ISIS advance. (Photo by Carsten Koall/Getty Images)

Getty Images

/

In this image shot with an extreme telephoto lens and through haze from the outskirts of Suruc at the Turkey-Syria border, Turkish forces armoured vehicles patrol the border as a black banner with white writing is seen atop of a building at the eastern side of the town of Kobani, Syria, where fighting had ben intensified between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State, Monday, Oct. 6, 2014. Kobani, also known as Ayn Arab and its surrounding areas have been under attack since mid-September, with militants capturing dozens of nearby Kurdish villages. The flag is indicating that the jihadists may have regrouped and broken through the Kurdish lines.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

Syrian state television showed a collage of its soldiers fighting Israel on the Golan Heights 41 years ago and its present-day troops fighting opponents of President Assad inside Syria. What those old soldiers who briefly captured Observatory Ridge – but who are now in their sixties or seventies – think of the current tragedy in their country is anyone’s guess, if those soldiers are still alive.

Syrian television has even taken to quoting Iraqi television, applauding the death of three Isis officers supposedly killed by Iraqi government troops in a battle north-east of Baquba. Under President Assad’s father, Hafez, a state of near-open hostility existed between Syria and Saddam Hussein of Iraq.

The Baath party existed in both countries in mutual suspicion and would never dream of praising their opponents. Those were the days.

Further reading


Privacy