Belfast Telegraph

Commemoration in Dublin of Easter Rising very fitting

DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: President Michael D. Higgins lays a wreath on the site where the 1916 leaders were executed at the Easter Sunday Wreath-laying ceremony in Kilmanham Gaol at the Breakers Yard on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: People watch the centenary parade on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: A general view during the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony and parade on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: A general view during the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony and parade on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: A general view during the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony at the General Post Office on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: Acting Taoiseach Enda Kenny at the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony and Parade from OConnell Street on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: A general view during the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony and Parade from OConnell Street on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: Former Presidents of Ireland Mary McAleese and Mary Robinson at the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony and Parade from OConnell Street on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: A young girl holds flowers during the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony at the General Post Office on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: President Michael D. Higgins lays a wreath during the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony at the General Post Office on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: Acting Taoiseach Enda Kenny chats to President Michael D. Higgins at the Easter Sunday Commemoration Ceremony and Parade from OConnell Street on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in the Republic of Ireland when in 1916 a rebellion was attempted to oust British rule of the country. (Photo by Maxwells/Irish Government - Pool/Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the view of the Parade from Roof of the Blood bank seen during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view taken from the rooftop opposite GPO during the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the Irish Defence Forces perform during the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view taken from the rooftop opposite GPO during the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: This photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, shows a general view of the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - MARCH 27: In this photo provided by the Air Corps Press Office, the 2nd Field Artillery Regiment fires 21 gun salutes during the the military parade marking the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising on March 27, 2016 in Dublin, Ireland. The 1916 rebellion was an attempt by Irish forces to overthrow the British government in Ireland. Although unsuccessful it was seen as a significant move in the creation of the Irish republic when public opinion turned in favour of the rebels after British forces defeated the rebellion and executed it's leaders. (Photo by Irish Defence Forces via Getty Images)
Irish Prime Minister Enda Kenny (2L) talks with Irish President Michael D. Higgins (C) with his wife Sabina (R) as they attend the programme of commemorative events to mark the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in Dublin on March 27, 2016. Ireland marked the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising, a rebellion against British rule that paved the way for independence, with the largest commemorative events in its history. The rebels who seized buildings across Dublin and proclaimed an Irish republic on Easter Monday 1916 were honoured by a 4.4-kilometre (2.7-mile) parade through the capital for hundreds of thousands of spectators. / AFP PHOTO / MAXWELLS - IRISH GOVERNMENT POOL / MAXWELLSMAXWELLS/AFP/Getty Images
A smokes a cigarette outside a cafe with an Irish flag in the window with dates to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising in Dublin on March 27, 2016 on a day of events officially marking the anniversary. Ireland marked the 100th anniversary of the Easter Rising, a rebellion against British rule that paved the way for independence, with the largest commemorative events in its history. The rebels who seized buildings across Dublin and proclaimed an Irish republic on Easter Monday 1916 were honoured by a 4.4-kilometre (2.7-mile) parade through the capital for hundreds of thousands of spectators. / AFP PHOTO / Paul FaithPAUL FAITH/AFP/Getty Images
Acting Taoiseach Enda Kenny (left) attends a wreath laying ceremony at the Garden of Remembrance in Dublin, in honour of those who fought and died for Ireland's freedom. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Saturday March 26, 2016. Later, President Michael D Higgins is expected to meet the families of those killed during a special event in Dublin's RDS where he will speak about the debt of gratitude owed to the rebels immortalised in the history books as well as the "unsung heroes" who took to the streets one hundred years ago. See PA story IRISH 1916. Photo credit should read: Brian Lawless/PA Wire
Handout photo issued by the Defence Forces of marching elements comprised of personnel drawn from Army, Air Corps, Naval Service, reserve Defence Forces, Defence Forces Veterans, and selected Emergency Services as they march along OÕConnell Street, as part of the 1916 Easter Rising centenary commemorations in Dublin. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday March 27, 2016. See PA story IRISH 1916. Photo credit should read: Defence Forces/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
Handout photo issued by the Defence Forces of marching elements comprised of personnel drawn from Army, Air Corps, Naval Service, reserve Defence Forces, Defence Forces Veterans, and selected Emergency Services as they march along OÕConnell Street, as part of the 1916 Easter Rising centenary commemorations in Dublin. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday March 27, 2016. See PA story IRISH 1916. Photo credit should read: Defence Forces/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
(left to right) Gerry Noble from Portmarnock, Dublin with Letitia Trappe from Balbriggan, and his wife Helen Noble, and Pat Trappe beside O'Connell Bridge in Dublin during the 1916 Easter Rising commemoration. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday March 27, 2016. See PA story IRISH 1916 Crowds. Photo credit should read: Ed Carty/PA Wire
Handout photo issued by the Irish Government of Sheila OÄôLeary, 94, from Clontarf, whose father Thomas Byrne fought in the GPO in 1916, holds his medals, on OÄôConnell Street, as she awaits the 1916 Easter Rising centenary commemorations in Dublin. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday March 27, 2016. The President was flanked by a military guard of honour drawn from the Defence Forces cadet school. Prayers were said before acting Taoiseach Enda Kenny invited the head of State to lay the wreath "on behalf of the people of Ireland in honour of all those who died". After a minute's silence, a lone piper from the Army No 1 Band played the lament Wrap The Green Flag Around Me Boys, before the Last Post was sounded. The Irish Tricolour, which flew at half mast throughout, was then raised. See PA story IRISH 1916. Photo credit should read: Maxwells/PA Wire
Handout photo issued by the Irish Government of troops and the crowd in OÄôConnell Street, during the Easter Rising centenary commemorations in Dublin. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday March 27, 2016. The President was flanked by a military guard of honour drawn from the Defence Forces cadet school. Prayers were said before acting Taoiseach Enda Kenny invited the head of State to lay the wreath "on behalf of the people of Ireland in honour of all those who died". After a minute's silence, a lone piper from the Army No 1 Band played the lament Wrap The Green Flag Around Me Boys, before the Last Post was sounded. The Irish Tricolour, which flew at half mast throughout, was then raised. See PA story IRISH 1916. Photo credit should read: Maxwells/PA Wire
Fianna Fail leader Micheal Martin (centre) at the 1916 Easter Rising centenary commemorations in Dublin. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday March 27, 2016. See PA story IRISH 1916. Photo credit should read: Brian Lawless/PA Wire
Sinn Fein's Martin McGuinness (front centre) during the 1916 Easter Rising centenary commemorations in Dublin. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday March 27, 2016. See PA story IRISH 1916. Photo credit should read: Brian Lawless/PA Wire
Ruth Dudley Edwards

"It is fitting, isn't it, that we can't agree what it was about, or what it achieved, or what its legacy is or how best to commemorate it.

"Easter, a movable feast, a date that shifts. Nothing is immutable in Ireland.

"Everything is up for change."

So began TV presenter Brendan O'Connor's Sunday Independent column yesterday.

And I think he got it so right I'm pinching the next bit as well.

"We cannot agree on any of these things perhaps because to be Irish is to be in a constant state of rebellion: rebellion against each other; against ourselves; against the country we love; against anyone who would dare try to tell us how to feel about anything, how to remember anything, how to commemorate anything."

He's writing of my tribe in the Republic, the one that has been traditionally Catholic and nationalist, though from my experience he could just as well have been describing Ulster Protestant unionists these days.

In the last century, it's comparatively recently that my tribe became so intellectually rebellious.

They emigrated or kept quiet in the Ireland of my youth when we were dominated by the Roman Catholic Church and the narrow nationalist narrative imposed on us by the fallout from the Easter Rising.

It's so different now.

Like any country, the Republic has plenty of problems, but it's largely free of the religious and nationalist shackles of the past.

Post-Paisley and Provisional IRA terror, Northern Ireland is a much freer place, too.

Of course Sinn Fein, more of a cult than a political party, is still intellectually and morally authoritarian, but with discipline rarely being imposed violently there are signs of fraying around the edges.

Like anyone who wants a peaceful Ireland, I was worried about how the centenary would be marked. But while we've had the tragedy of Adrian Ismay's murder, I'm impressed by how the Irish Government has done its job.

I could have screamed when a BBC newscaster on Radio 4 this morning referred to the Irish celebration of the Easter Rising.

It isn't.

Most politicians and informed opinion keep stressing that it's a commemoration - not a celebration - and an inclusive one at that.

I had a preview of Witness History, the permanent exhibition in the General Post Office, which is exactly that: a brilliant evocation of what happened from April 24 from every conceivable point of view and with stunning creative use of modern technology.

It's a steal at €10.

Yes, of course it's a look through green spectacles, but they're a very light green and anyone would learn a great deal from it.

I wouldn't bother with Sinn Fein's Revolution, a dreary exhibition at the top of O'Connell Street which is a throwback in tunnel vision and unimaginative design to 50 years ago.

And it's a rip-off at €15.

Watching the commemoration parade in Dublin, I was delighted by the inclusiveness of the guest list and the rhetoric about living in harmony on this island.

Taoiseach Enda Kenny reiterated what was been stressed so often and usually achieved, that unlike in the past, when it was only those executed who were honoured, all the dead of 1916 are being commemorated.

The names of everyone - rebels, civilians, police and British soldiers will be on a memorial at Glasnevin Cemetery.

It was a small indication of how far we've come that the two speakers at the launch party in London for my new book, on the signatories of the Proclamation, were Dan Mulhall, the Irish Ambassador, and David Trimble, whose views on 1916 reflected their wide reading.

I have great respect for the ambassador's hard work in organising embassy events reflecting many attitudes: one of those I was at recently was about the Irish in the British Army.

He wrote a blog after the launch in which he said: "I have no difficulty in recognising that there are many different, even conflicting analyses of 1916.

"That is the way it should be.

"The past is multi-faceted and it is susceptible to multiple, competing readings."

As Brendan O'Connor said, that's fitting.

  • Ruth Dudley Edwards is the author of The Seven: The Lives And Legacies Of The Founding Fathers Of The Irish Republic

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