Wasps have announced the retirement of their former Scotland international full-back Hugo Southwell.
The 33-year-old has conceded defeat on medical advice in his battle to overcome a hamstring injury.
Southwell, who has hurt during pre-season preparations for the current campaign, joined Wasps in 2011and became club captain by the following season.
He made his Test debut in 2004, going on to win 59 caps, while Wasps were his fifth club following spells with Bristol, Worcester. Edinburgh and Stade Francais.
Southwell's final appearance for Scotland came against Wales at Murrayfield during the Six Nations three years ago.
"This has been a very difficult time for me, and I am absolutely gutted that I have been forced to retire," he said.
"It is a situation that I never thought I would find myself in, and nothing quite prepares you for it.
"I believed I had so much more to give, which is why Terry Evans, our physio, and I tried everything possible to get me fit after I sustained the injury in pre-season last year. I am extremely grateful for all his efforts, along with the rest of the physio team.
"It has been an absolute honour to play at Wasps for the last three years, and to be named captain was certainly one of the highlights of my career."
Wasps rugby director David Young paid tribute to Southwell, adding: " Hugo has been a brilliant addition to the team, both on and off the field.
"He was a leader for us during a very rocky period, and he, along with a number of other senior players, helped to save this club from relegation and set it back on the path it is on now.
"Though he will clearly be disappointed that he has been forced into retirement, he has a brilliant career behind him that most can only dream of. I speak for everyone when I say that we wish Hugo all of the best in whatever he does next."