Scotland face Australia at BT Murrayfield in Edinburgh on Saturday.
Here, Press Association Sport looks at some of the facts and figures surrounding the match.
* The countries have met on 29 occasions. Australia lead the series 20-9.
* Scotland's record win against the Wallabies was a 24-15 victory in Edinburgh in 1981, while the Aussies boast a best of 45-3 in Sydney back in 1998.
* The Scots have won seven of the 16 Tests played against Australia at Murrayfield.
* The Dark Blues' 9-8 Murrayfield triumph in 2009 ended a 27-year wait for victory over Australia. The Scots then repeated the feat three years later when they went Down Under to beat the hosts 9-6 in Newcastle.
* Australia have racked up double-digit winning margins on seven of their visits to the Scottish capital, with 2006's 44-15 drubbing their biggest Murrayfield win.
* Scotland hooker Ross Ford will win his 100th cap on Saturday. He becomes the third Scot to reach three figures, following Chris Paterson (109) and Sean Lamont (105).
* The Australia duo Israel Folau and Nick Phipps are both set to play their 50th Tests at Murrayfield.
* Home advantage may not be that much of a boost to Scotland. Of their last 10 matches in Edinburgh, they have managed just three wins.
* Australia's 32-8 win over Wales last week was the Wallabies biggest win since thrashing Uruguay by 62 points at last year's World Cup.
* Just seven of the Scots who started against Australia in last year's controversial World Cup quarter-final defeat are named in the XV that kicks-off this weekend, with Stuart Hogg, Sean Maitland, Finn Russell, Greig Laidlaw, Ross Ford, Richie Gray and Jonny Gray all on duty.
* Michael Cheika's Australian line-up has eight changes to the side which grabbed their last-gasp win over the Scots at Twickenham, with Rory Arnold, Adam Coleman, David Pocock, Lopeti Timani, Henry Speight, Reece Hodge, Dane Haylett-Petty and Israel Folau all included this time.